Definition of Liver:

The largest and one of the most complex organs of the body, the liver is responsible for much of the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.  It is the site of much of the body's detoxification.  It is connected very closely with digestion and the regulation of blood sugar, among many other functions.  Found behind the ribs on the right side of the abdomen, it has many important functions such as removing harmful material from the blood, making enzymes and bile that help digest food, and converting food into substances needed for life and growth.  Hepatic: Pertaining to the liver.

Also: Hepatic

Topics Related to Liver

A Low Platelet Count

...the condition
“...In some people, however, more platelets are destroyed in the liver than in the spleen and in this case removing the spleen is less likely to result in remission...”


...related topic
“That part of the body between the chest and the hips that contains the stomach, intestines, liver, bladder, pancreas and other organs.”
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More topics Related to Liver

Acetyl-L-Carnitine a treatment
“...It is also similar to some B-complex vitamins in that it can be produced by a liver process combining two essential amino acids, Lysine and Methionine...”


...the condition
“...This can be caused by long-term alcohol abuse, heart failure, cancer, seizures, liver failure, a prolonged lack of oxygen, starvation, or low blood sugar...”

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)

...the condition
“...It can then spread to other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and testicles (in males)...”

Acute, Intermittent Porphyria

...the condition
“...There are a number of types of porphyria, some from bone marrow and others from the liver.  Neurological symptoms frequently occur in those stemming from the liver...”

Addictions / Addictive Tendencies

...the condition
“...Vitamin B Complex Helps when under physical and mental stress to rebuild the liver, helps reduce stress...”

Addison's Disease

...the condition
“...Cortisol mobilizes nutrients, modifies the body's response to inflammation, stimulates the liver to raise the blood sugar, and also helps to control the amount of water in the body...”

Adrafinil a treatment
“...Side-effects include an increase in liver enzyme levels and therefore usage should be monitored...”

Alcohol Consumption a treatment
“...and memory, Parkinson's disease, hepatitis A, pancreatic cancer, macular degeneration (a major cause of blindness), angina pectoris, duodenal ulcer, erectile dysfunction, hearing loss, gallstones, liver disease and poor physical condition in elderly...”

Alcoholism Recovery Issues

...the condition
“...Later in the disease, they may be hospitalized for liver disease or pancreatitis...”

Alcohol-related Problems

...our question about Your HDL cholesterol level
“...However, very elevated levels can be a result of liver disease or chronic intoxication.”
...relationship to Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)
“Use of alcohol and other hepatotoxic drugs lowers the ability of the liver to safely store iron and may accelerate the development of the liver changes seen with hemochromatosis.”
...relationship to Yeast / Candida Infection
“Alcohol kills friendly bacteria, increases toxic overload of the liver and thus allows Candida to grow.”
...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“To many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism...”
...recommendation against Aspirin
“...If taking aspirin, leave more time between drinks so the liver can cope.”
...recommendation against Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“A study published in the journal "Archives of Internal Medicine" in 2006 indicates that coffee may greatly reduce the risk of liver damage in those who consume alcohol regularly...”

Alfalfa a treatment
“...Its documented properties also include: General tonic, laxative, febrifuge, hepatoprotective (liver protecting), nutritive, anodyne, anti-arthritic...”

Allergic Rhinitis / Hay Fever

...recommendation Conventional Drug Use
“...Prescription Drugs: Nonsedating antihistamines may cause life-threatening irregular heartbeat and should not be taken with other drugs or if you have other liver or heart problems...”

Alpha Lipoic Acid a treatment
“...Lipoic Acid protects the liver from alcohol damage, the lungs from smoke damage, and enhances glucose disposal in type II diabetes and reduces associated neuropathy and cataracts...”

Alzheimer's Disease

...the condition
“...These include heart failure, liver disease, kidney failure, thyroid disorders, respiratory diseases, vitamin B12 deficiency, and sexually-transmitted disease such as syphilis or AIDS...”


...the condition
“...carry oxygen and carbon dioxide; Risk factors for developing anemia include poor diet, intestinal disorders, menstruation, pregnancy, family history, and conditions such as cancer, kidney failure, liver failure.  Anemia can be a sign of serious illnesses, so it is important to diagnose the root cause...”

Anorexia / Starvation Tendency

...the condition
“...Further possible tests are generally used to look for malnutrition-related health deterioration and other possible explanations for the excess weight loss ... liver enzyme and liver function tests...”
...our question about Metformin use
“...Metformin reduces sugar release from your liver to prevent blood sugar levels from rising too high, so your body doesn't need to produce as much insulin...”

Antibiotics a treatment
“...Use extreme caution and tell your doctor if you have reduced liver or kidney function, or are pregnant or breastfeeding...”

Antioxidants a treatment
“...Vitamins A and E are fat soluble, meaning that excess amounts are stored in the liver and fatty tissues, instead of being quickly excreted, creating a risk of toxicity...”

Arjun a treatment
“...Arjun helps to normalize cholesterol levels; it increases the elimination of cholesterol by accelerating the turnover of LDL cholesterol in the liver.  It lowers beta-lipoprotein lipids and restores HDL components in cases of hyperlipidemia...”

Artichoke Extract a treatment
“The artichoke (Cynara scolymus) has a strong folk history in treating many liver diseases and more recent evidence supports this long-time use...”


...relationship to Cancer, General
“...Examples include ovarian cancer in particular, as well as colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer, lymphoma, lung cancer, and cancer of the uterus or liver.”

Aspirin a treatment
“...A great body of evidence also suggests that regular aspirin use may offer strong protection against the consequences of heart attack, liver disease, and various cancers...”

Bayberry a treatment
“...Myricitrin promotes bile flow and may therefore be useful against liver and gallbladder ailments, but at the time of writing there does not appear to be any research that supports this theory...”

Beet Leaf a treatment
“...The fact that beet leaf tops stimulate the production and movement of bile as well as have an affinity for fat, make it an excellent agent to add to tonics for both the liver and gall bladder...”

Beetroot a treatment
“...Consuming beetroot increases the level of antioxidants in the liver.  Cholesterol levels also fall, decreasing the risk for many cardiovascular diseases...”

Betaine a treatment
“...Betaine is also lipotropic, listing it as a hepatoprotectant in the Merck index for its ability to move fat from the liver.  As a hydrochloric salt, betaine HCl is often used to promote digestion by lowering the pH of the stomach...”

BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene) a treatment
“...Avoid use in hepatitis or other liver problems.  BHT is fat-soluble, so thin people may need less...”


...related topic
“A bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver.  Bile is stored in the gallbladder and is released when fat enters the first part of the small intestine (duodenum) in order to aid digestion.”

Bile Duct Cancer

...the condition
“...Bile duct cancers may arise in many locations in and around the liver.  Bile duct cancer tends to spread into the liver, along the bile duct surface and through the lymph system to lymph nodes in the region of the liver...”
...recommendation Surgery
“...Unfortunately, by the time symptoms develop, the cancer has usually spread throughout the bile ducts and into the liver, meaning that the tumor cannot be entirely removed.”

Bile Salts a treatment
“Bile salts are detergent-like chemicals produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder...”

Bleeding Tendency

...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“When the liver slows or stops production of the proteins needed for blood clotting, a person will bruise or bleed easily.”

Blood Transfusion a treatment
“...Cancer (e.g. lymphoma, leukemia); Plasma Transfusion to help with blood clotting After severe bleeding (trauma, surgery, childbirth); Conditions that impair production of clotting proteins (e.g. liver disease); White Blood Cell (Granulocyte) Transfusion for infections that don't respond to antibiotics after chemotherapy or a bone marrow transplant; Donors should be carefully selected, and...”

Body Odor

...the condition
“...When a person drinks more alcohol than their liver can break down, some of it is excreted through their breath and sweat...”

Breast Cancer

...the condition
“...cancer is metastasis, which occurs when tumor cells break away from the main tumor and travel through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to other locations in the body, usually lymph nodes, lungs, liver, bones, brain, or skin...”


...the condition
“...The liver and/or spleen may become enlarged...”

Bruising Susceptibility

...the condition
“...Possible causes of bruising include ... Liver disease, such as cirrhosis...”
...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“When the liver slows or stops production of the proteins needed for blood clotting, a person will bruise or bleed easily.”

Budd-Chiari Syndrome

...the condition
“Budd-Chiari syndrome is a condition in which veins that drain the liver are narrowed or blocked, preventing blood from flowing out of the liver...”
...our question about Pain in the upper-right abdomen under rib cage
“Pain in the upper right abdomen, along with ascites and liver enlargement, is one of the main signs of Budd-Chiari syndrome.”

Burdock a treatment
“...Burdock root is considered by many to be extremely helpful in skin conditions, primarily by stimulating the liver.  Root preparations are "Unapproved" by the German Commission E.”

Caffeine a treatment
“...12oz can 0 Cocoa 1 cup 4 Chocolate, milk 1 ounce 3-6 Chocolate, bittersweet 1 ounce 25 Research indicates that caffeine intake can reduce the risk of developing Parkinson's disease and possibly also liver cancer...”

Calcium-D-Glucarate a treatment
“...Cancer Prevention Animal studies suggest Calcium D-Glucarate not only reduces risk, but may prevent tumor growth in the skin, breast, liver, colon, lung, bladder, and prostate...”

Cancer, General

...our question about Liver enlargement
“The liver is a common site for metastatic cancer.”
...recommendation Coffee Enema
“...Serious infections may result from poorly administered liver extracts.  Thyroid supplements may cause severe bleeding in patients who have cancer that has spread to the liver...”
...recommendation Turmeric
“...As most of the cancer-inducing chemicals in cigarette smoke are only carcinogenic during the period between activation in the liver by Phase I and final detoxification by Phase II, curcumin can help prevent the cancer-causing effects of tobacco...”
...recommendation Hydrazine Sulfate
“...The liver expends enormous amounts of the body's energy converting lactic acid back to glucose...”

Carbohydrate Intolerance

...the condition
“...Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: The liver uses a specific enzyme system to convert cholesterol into a master steroidal hormone called pregnenolone, from which hormones such as progesterone, DHEA, and testosterone are derived...”

Carcinoid Cancer

...the condition
“...widely distributed within the body but found in greatest amounts in the small intestine and then in decreasing amounts in the appendix, rectum, lung, pancreas and very rarely in the ovaries, testes, liver, bile ducts or other locations...”

Castor Oil a treatment
“...Conditions which have been responsive to castor oil applications include ... 'liver' or age spots...”


...related topic
“...Examples: the release of glucose by the liver, the combustion of glucose by cells.”

Celandine a treatment
“...This would be a good addition to bile producing, gall bladder, and liver formulations...”

Chagas Disease

...the condition
“...These symptoms may include fatigue, fever, enlarged liver or spleen, and swollen lymph glands...”

Chanca Piedra (Break-Stone) a treatment
“...It is believed to help stimulate the production of bile and to promote healthy liver, kidney and gall bladder function...”

Chediak-Higashi Syndrome

...the condition
“...Physical examination may show a swollen spleen or liver, or jaundice (yellow-tinged skin)...”

Chemical Avoidance a treatment
“...water does not necessarily mean it will be better for you!  Drugs – The prudent thing is to avoid all drugs unless absolutely necessary, particularly those which require substantial metabolism by the liver.  We recommend trying dietary, lifestyle and holistic/naturopathic solutions first wherever possible...”

Chinese Thoroughwax a treatment
“...It has a reputation for its ability to relieve liver tension and digestive disturbances, and because it is detoxifying and antimicrobial...”

Chlorella a treatment
“...Chlorella is considered to be a first class detoxifying agent, capable of removing alcohol from the liver and heavy metals (such as cadmium and mercury), certain pesticides, herbicides, and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) from the body's tissues...”


...related topic
“Agent stimulating the liver to increase bile production.”


...related topic
“Often Cholestatic liver disorder: An arrest in the flow of bile from the liver.”


...related topic
“A waxy, fat-like substance manufactured in the liver and found in all tissues, it facilitates the transport and absorption of fatty acids...”


...related topic
“...Choline prevents the deposition of fats in the liver and facilitates the movement of fats into the cells...”

Chronic / Hidden Infection

...the condition
“...The link between infectious diseases and cancer is becoming increasingly clear: According to the World Health Report, up to 84% percent of certain cancers, notably, stomach, cervical, and liver, are attributable to a variety of germs...”

Chronic Fatigue / Fibromyalgia Syndrome

...the condition
“...Insulin-related growth factor-1 (IGF1) is secreted mainly by the liver in response to growth hormone release...”
...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“In one evaluation of 200 Chronic Fatigue and Fibromyalgia patients it was found that 80% had a significant impairment of liver detoxification function...”

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

...the condition
“...In time, it can also invade other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen...”

Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia (CNL)

...the condition
“...Chronic neutrophilic leukemia features persistent neutrophilia, increased white blood cell production in the bone marrow, and enlargement of the liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly)...”

Cigarette Smoke Damage

...relationship to Lung Cancer
“...Large cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes of the chest and it enters the blood stream where it gets carried to other organs such as the liver, bone, brain, and spinal cord...”


...related topic
“A long-term disease in which the liver becomes covered with fiber-like tissue...”

Cirrhosis of the Liver

...the condition
“Alternative names: Chronic liver disease, alcoholic liver disease Cirrhosis of the liver is a condition in which scar tissue replaces normal, healthy tissue, blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from working as it should...”
...our question about Itchy skin
“Some people with liver or biliary cirrhosis experience intense itching due to bile products that are deposited in the skin.”
...relationship to Vitamin B12 Requirement
“The liver is the body's main store of vitamin B12.”
...recommendation against NSAIDs
“Certain medications are potentially hepatotoxic (can damage the liver) and should be used with caution in patients with chronic liver disease...”
...recommendation Vitamin Niacinamide
“Niacinamide can protect the liver against alcohol-induced damage.”

Cleavers a treatment
“...Cleavers stimulates liver function and improves digestion and absorption...”

Coconut a treatment
“...Some individuals cannot handle the medium chain fatty acids contained in coconut oil due to gallbladder/liver fat handling problems...”

Coffee Enema a treatment
“...Because the stool contains products of putrefaction at this point, there exists a special circulatory system between the sigmoid colon and the liver.  There is a direct communication of veins called the enterohepatic circulation...”

Comfrey a treatment
“...[Note: evidence suggests that liver toxicity occurs with the internal use of the leaf, but not the root...”

Congestive Heart Failure

...our question about Unexplained nausea
“Accumulation of fluid (due to congestive heart failure) in the liver and intestines may cause nausea, abdominal pain, and decreased appetite.”

Consequences of Gallbladder Surgery

...the condition
“...Bile is continuously synthesized by the liver.  The purpose of the gallbladder is to store this greenish fluid between meals...”


...the condition
“...Longer times may result in bowel toxicity symptoms and increase the burden on your liver.  If constipation does not improve using the above methods then professional help may be needed...”

Copper a treatment
“...Foods with good supplies of copper are the whole grains, particularly buckwheat and whole wheat; shellfish, such as shrimp and other sea food; liver and other organ meats; most dried peas and beans; and nuts, such as Brazil nuts, almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts and pecans...”

CoQ10 (Ubiquinone) a treatment
“...CoQ10 is naturally present in small amounts in a wide variety of foods but is particularly high in organ meats such as heart, liver and kidney, as well as beef, soy oil, sardines, mackerel and peanuts...”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...the condition
“...If the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs, vital organs such as the kidneys or liver may be damaged...”
...our question about Pain in the upper-right abdomen under rib cage
“...Congestive heart failure may stretch the liver capsule.”

Corticosteroids a treatment
“...or cataracts; Infections of any type (virus, bacteria, fungus, amoeba); Sores in the nose or recent nose surgery (if using nasal spray forms of corticosteroids); Underactive or overactive thyroid; Liver disease; Stomach or intestine problems; Heart disease; High blood pressure; High cholesterol; Kidney disease or kidney stones; Myasthenia gravis; Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); Emotional...”

Creatinine Monohydrate a treatment
“...Creatinine is produced in our body's liver, pancreas and kidneys and is part of our body's energy cycle...”

Crohn's Disease

...the condition
“...Increased alkaline phosphatase, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transminase (SGOT) (AST {aspartate aminotransferase}) or bilirubin due to associated liver disease.  Increased urine oxalate and calcium oxalate renal calculi due to increased colonic absorption of dietary oxalate...”

Cryptosporidium Infection

...the condition
“...These include malnutrition, severe dehydration, weight loss, and bile duct, gallbladder or liver inflammation...”

Cysteine / N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) a treatment
“...It is through this action, that NAC is used for help in liver support, and has even been used to prevent acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisonings...”

Cystic Fibrosis

...the condition
“...Liver disease, diabetes, inflammation of the pancreas, and gallstones also occur in some people with CF.”

Cystine a treatment
“...The N-Acetyl form of Cysteine; helps prevent chemotherapy side-effects and radiation therapy side effects; increases glutathione levels in the lungs, kidneys, liver and bone marrow and has an anti-aging effect on the body...”


...the condition
“...Other internal cysts, such as those in the kidneys or the liver, may go unnoticed until an imaging scan (X-ray, MRI scan, CAT scan, ultrasound) detects them...”
...relationship to Tapeworm Infection
“A tapeworm cyst can settle in the brain, eye, liver, or elsewhere.”

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection

...the condition
“...Cytomegalovirus is probably spread through the body in lymphocytes or mononuclear cells to the lungs, liver, and central nervous system where it often produces inflammatory reactions...”

Dandelion a treatment
“...Dandelion root and its extracts have been used extensively as a liver tonic, to promote bile, and through its liver "cleansing" actions, various skin conditions...”


...our question about Morning sickness
“Studies have demonstrated a relationship between nausea in pregnancy and impaired liver function.  The liver is responsible for filtering toxins from the blood and dehydration causes the blood to become thicker, making it harder for the liver to do its job...”

Diabetes Type 1.5

...the condition
“...Other medications that stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin, slow digestion of carbohydrates, or reduce excess glucose production by the liver are often effective in controlling the blood sugar for a few years...”

Diabetes Type II

...the condition
“...In Type 2 Diabetes, our muscle, fat, and liver cells become resistant to insulin and start to ignore its message to absorb glucose...”
...relationship to Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)
“...Patients with hemochromatosis can also be diagnosed with liver disease, diabetes, heart disease and arthritis without the physician realizing that these diseases are the result of iron-overload...”
...recommendation Weight Loss
“...Lead researcher Professor Roy Taylor stated, "Substantial weight loss results in reduced fat inside the liver and pancreas, allowing these organs to return to normal function...”


...the condition
“...Bile salt deficiency due to biliary tract obstruction, cholestatic liver disease, bacterial overgrowth or excessive stool losses (IBD, terminal ileal resection) also can lead to maldigestion but usually this is not associated with significant steatorrhea...”

Digestive Enzyme Need

...the condition
“...Some people need to take a good digestive enzyme along with their meals so that the food will be thoroughly digested/absorbed and their liver will get the nutrition it needs to produce other enzymes on its own...”

DMAE a treatment
“...If you have kidney or liver disease, consult your doctor before taking DMAE...”


...the condition
“...Rarely, the parasite will invade the body beyond the intestines and cause a more serious infection, such as a liver abscess...”

Eclampsia / Preeclampsia

...the condition
“...characterized by hypertension (high blood pressure) and proteinuria (excessive protein in the urine), often including edema (swelling) and occasionally involving thrombocytopenia (low platelets) or liver function abnormalities...”

Eclipta Alba a treatment
“...In Ayurvedic medicine, the leaf extract is considered a powerful liver tonic, rejuvenative, and especially good for the hair...”

Edema (Water Retention)

...the condition
“...Low protein levels in the blood that can be seen in malnutrition, kidney and liver disease.  The proteins in the blood help hold salt and water inside the blood vessels so fluid does not leak out into the tissues...”


...the condition
“...cells (leukopenia), decreased platelets (thrombocytopenia); a granulocyte stain shows clumps of bacteria inside white blood cells; the platelet count shows decreased platelets (thrombocytopenia); liver enzymes show elevated transaminase; a fluorescent antibody test may turn positive for E. chaffeensis or granulocytic Ehrlichia...”

Elevated Bilirubin Levels

...relationship to (Prescription) Drug Side-Effects
“Certain medicines can damage the liver.  Examples include many antibiotics, some types of birth control pill (sex hormones), antipsychotic drugs, and many others.”
...relationship to Hepatitis
“Diseases that cause liver damage can lead to increased bilirubin levels...”
...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“Diseases that cause liver damage can lead to increased bilirubin levels...”

Enlarged Liver

...the condition
“Alternative names: Hepatomegaly An enlarged liver usually indicates some form of liver disease, although a diseased liver can also be normal-sized or even shrunken...”
...relationship to Liver Disease
“An enlarged liver usually indicates some form of underlying liver disease.”

Enlarged Spleen

...the condition
“Alternative names: Splenomegaly Since the spleen is involved in so many bodily functions, it is vulnerable to a wide range of disorders involving the blood or lymph system, infection, malignancies, liver disease, or parasites...”


...the condition
“...Liver involvement (diagnosed through increased serum LDH (especially LDH), alkaline phosphatase, SGOT (AST); Intestinal ulceration (blood in stool during second to third week); Relapse (positive blood...”

Environmental Illness / MCS

...recommendation Liver Detoxification Phase II Support
“Reducing the body burden of chemicals can be enhanced by maximizing Phase II liver detoxification pathways with selected nutrients.”


...related topic
“...It contains the stomach, liver tip, pancreas tail, duodenum, spleen, adrenal glands, transverse colon, small intestine, the left and right kidneys, and the left and right ureters.”

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)

...the condition
“...Symptoms of mononucleosis mimic those of other infectious diseases, including hepatic dysfunction (hepatitis), rubella and toxoplasmosis...”

Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)

...the condition
“...Alcohol not only decreases sexual function in the male but also increases the risk for heart attack, liver disease and prostate abnormalities...”

Esophageal Cancer

...the condition
“...Esophageal cancer can also spread to almost any other part of the body, including the liver, lungs, brain, and bones.”

Estrogen-balancing Medications a treatment
“...Liver detoxifying therapies can be helpful in assisting in the breakdown of estrogens...”

Eucalyptus Blue Gum a treatment
“...Pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid it, as should those with digestive problems, digestive tract inflammation, biliary duct disorders, or liver disease.  Undiluted eucalyptus oil should never be taken internally: even small amounts are toxic and may cause circulatory problems, collapse, suffocation, or death.”

Excess Animal Fat Consumption

...the condition
“...The liver already produces all the cholesterol it needs (roughly 1gm per day) to meet our needs...”

Excess Protein Consumption

...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“High protein intakes may cause extra metabolic stress to be placed on the liver and kidneys.”

Excessive Sweating

...the condition
“...Other people may have sweating as a symptom of known medical conditions, such as ... liver disease...”

Fanconi Anemia

...the condition
“...Possible complications of Fanconi anemia include hemorrhages, infections, leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, liver tumors, and other cancers...”

Fatty Liver

...the condition
“Fatty liver is the collection of excessive amounts of fat inside liver cells, affecting more than 50% of people over the age of 50...”

Female Hair Loss

...the condition
“...Common causes of hair loss or hair thinning in women ... thyroid or liver disease...”

Fennel a treatment
“...Those with hepatitis, cirrhosis, or other liver disorders are advised not to take fennel.”

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“Impaired liver function can result in excess circulating estrogens and a worsening of breast tenderness.”
...recommendation Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption
“...Eat foods that promote liver health and detoxify the body such as onions, leeks, carrots, kale, beets, lemons, artichokes, cauliflower and broccoli.”

Fish Oils a treatment
“...The practice of giving cod liver oil began when the smoke-filled skies of nineteenth-century England deprived youngsters of exposure to the sun...”

Folic Acid a treatment
“...Other good sources are red beans, soy, black-eyed peas, cantaloupe, orange juice, peanut butter, oatmeal, other whole grains/whole-grain cereals, wheat germ, brewer's yeast, mushrooms, and liver, kidney and other organ meats...”

Folic Acid Deficiency

...the condition
“...It becomes increasingly common as age impedes the body's ability to absorb folic acid, a water-soluble vitamin that is manufactured by intestinal bacteria and stored for a short time in the liver.  Folic acid, folate and folacin refer to one of the B-vitamins required for a healthy body...”

Fo-Ti / Heshouwu a treatment
“...Studies using fo-ti have focused on the following areas: Antiaging effects, immunologic effects, hypolipidemic and antiatherosclerotic effects, liver protectant effects, resistance to colds, antimicrobial, laxative and others...”


...related topic
“A small, digestive organ positioned under the liver, which concentrates and stores bile...”

Gallbladder Cancer

...the condition
“...The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ under the liver and behind the lower right ribs...”

Gallbladder Disease

...the condition
“...Gallstones are "pebbles" within the gallbladder – a pear-shaped sac located under the liver which concentrates and stores bile, which is a fluid made in the liver...”
...our question about Burping after meals
“The gallbladder acts as a storage unit for the bile made by the liver, which is used to help digest fatty foods...”
...recommendation Ultrasound Imaging
“...During the same procedure, the physician can check the liver, bile ducts, and pancreas and quickly scan the gallbladder wall for thickening (characteristic of cholecystitis)...”


...related topic
“Pertaining to the stomach, small and large intestines, colon, rectum, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.”

Gastrointestinal Bleeding

...the condition
“...Laboratory findings ... Altered liver function tests suggest cirrhosis of the liver with oesophageal varices as the source of bleeding...”

General Detoxification Requirement

...the condition
“...The liver helps transform many toxic substances into harmless agents, dumping them via bile into the intestines for passage out of the body...”

Germanium a treatment
“...The results of his research determined that Germanium will be helpful in protecting the liver from toxic damage and support various aspects of the immune system...”

Gilbert's Syndrome

...recommendation Fluoride Reduction/Avoidance
“...Gilbert's syndrome may be due to a partial deficiency of the hepatic enzyme glucuronyl transferase...”
...recommendation TMG (Trimethylglycine)
“...SAM has been used with favorable results in a variety of other chronic liver diseases.  TMG also converts to SAMe while being considerably less expensive.”
...recommendation Methionine
“...SAM has been used with favorable results in a variety of other chronic liver diseases.  TMG also converts to SAMe while being considerably less expensive.”


...related topic
“Any steroid-like compound capable of significantly influencing intermediary metabolism, such as promotion of deposition of glycogen in the liver, and of exerting a useful antiinflammatory effect.”

Glutamine a treatment
“...Glutamine can be readily synthesized by various tissues such as the skeletal muscles, liver, and adipose tissue...”


...related topic
“A compound produced by the liver from glucose and stored in the liver and muscles...”

Gotu Kola a treatment
“...Hepatic: Cirrhosis of alcohol & unknown etiology...”

Gout / Hyperuricemia

...the condition
“...Purines are found in high amounts in animal food products, such as liver and sardines...”

Gravel Root a treatment
“...Gravel Root should not be used in conjunction with prescription medications, and it should not be taken by persons with current or past liver disease.”

Green Tea a treatment
“...Studies indicate that green tea may help protect against cancers of the lungs, skin, liver, pancreas and stomach; it also boosts cardiovascular health and may work as a weight-loss agent by increasing fat metabolism and regulating blood sugar and insulin levels...”

Gugulipids a treatment
“...Its primary mode of action seems to be the ability to increase the number of LDL receptors on the liver.  It has also been implicated to increase bile secretion and decrease cholesterol synthesis, possibly due to the increased LDL receptors on liver cells...”


...the condition
“...Dural Headaches are the most common type, resulting from autotoxicity or an excess of blood metabolites, such as from liver dysfunction or hangovers...”

Heavy Metal Toxicity

...the condition
“...Some of the damage, for instance to the liver or brain, may not be fully reversible...”
...recommendation Cysteine / N-Acetylcysteine (NAC)
“...It is a heavy metal scavenger and liver protector.”

Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)

...the condition
“...Hepatic iron excess was observed in 1.5% of African Americans during a recent autopsy series and in 10.4% of African Americans who underwent liver biopsy during medical care delivery...”
...our question about Your liver enzymes level
“A common early sign of progressive iron overload is symptom-free elevation of liver enzymes, which can be accompanied by recurrent right-sided abdominal pain and liver enlargement...”
...relationship to Liver Cancer
“Once a person's liver iron concentration reaches 400 mmol/gm (dry weight), cirrhosis is common and the risk of liver cancer and death is increased.”


...related topic
“...hectic and skillfully balanced, the term is usually applied to excess conditions or toxic substances that degrade the bonds between healthy red blood cells and their hemoglobin coat or cause the liver and spleen to hypercatabolize otherwise healthy erythrocytes.”


...the condition
“...include: heredity, pregnancy, sedentary lifestyle, straining during bowel movements (chronic constipation), chronic diarrhea, standing for long periods of time, sitting on hard, cold surfaces, liver stagnancy or disease (cirrhosis), benign prostatic hypertrophy and anal intercourse...”


...the condition
“Hepatitis is a serious inflammation of the liver.  Viral hepatitis, the most common form, usually appears as type A, B, or C. Type B (HBV) and Type C (HCV) affect people of all ages...”
...related topic
“Inflammation of the liver usually resulting in jaundice (yellowing of the skin), loss of appetite, stomach discomfort, abnormal liver function, clay-colored stools, and dark urine...”
...our question about Red palms/fingertips
“Red palms can occur in any chronic liver disease and are not specifically caused by the hepatitis virus...”
...relationship to Liver Disease
“Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease of the liver, commonly caused by a viral infection.”
...relationship to Gluten Sensitivity / Celiac Disease
“Celiac disease has long been recognized as a cause of chronic liver pathology...”
...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“The hepatitis C virus ranks with alcohol as the major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis in the United States...”
...recommendation Licorice Root
“...Effects of high dose therapy with Stronger Neo-Minophagen C (SNMC) on hepatic histography in non-A, non-B chronic active hepatitis...”
...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“...Foods that support the liver are beets, artichokes, yams, onions, garlic, green leafy vegetables, apples, and lemons.”
...recommendation Ozone / Oxidative Therapy
“...At the onset of treatment 7 of the 8 patients also had elevated liver enzyme levels – SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT)...”
...recommendation Lecithin / Choline
“...Signs of liver damage on biopsy were significantly reduced in this study...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
“Vitamin E levels have been shown to be low in people with hepatitis, as well as in those who go on to develop liver cancer from long-standing hepatitis...”
...recommendation Schisandra Berry
“Protects liver health.”
...recommendation Selenium
“Optimal selenium status should be ensured for both prevention and treatment: 200mcg per day is needed to keep your liver healthy.  When the micronutrient selenium was added to the diet of 20, 847 people in a Chinese town, the number who became infected with hepatitis B virus was 50% less than for villagers not...”
...recommendation Silymarin / Milk Thistle
“Silymarin (the flavonoid extracted from milk thistle) and silymarin-derived compounds have been considered hepatoprotective (protecting the liver from damage) since the plant was first described in ancient times...”
...recommendation against Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
“Large doses of niacin may further increase the already elevated liver enzymes usually seen in hepatitis.”
...recommendation Zinc
“Zinc is essential to liver function and a deficiency of this mineral can impair cellular immunity...”
...recommendation Picrorhiza
“...A tincture of picrorhiza protected rats against oxidation in the liver.  This confirmed earlier evidence suggesting picrorhiza contains antioxidant glycosides...”
...recommendation Chinese Thoroughwax
“Contains steroid-like substances that reduce liver inflammation.”
...recommendation Artichoke Extract
“Promotes liver regeneration.”
...recommendation Goldenseal
“...These alkaloids are anti-inflammatory and stimulate liver function, thereby reducing liver inflammation.”
...recommendation Catechin
“...Liver 1986;6: pp.35-44 Bar-Meir S, Halpern Z, Gutman M, et al...”
...recommendation Chlorella
“...The phycocyanin found in chlorella is a great immune booster as it helps the body produce more stem cells, which can be used to destroy the bacteria and viruses involved in liver inflammation.”
...recommendation Coconut
“Coconut oil has anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-microbial properties, making it useful for treating liver inflammation.”
...recommendation Dandelion
“Dandelion, owing to its anti-inflammatory properties, has the ability to arrest or slow liver disease and promote healing...”
...recommendation L-Glutathione
“Glutathione (500mg twice a day) or N-acetyl cysteine (200mg two to three times per day) provide liver cleansing and antioxidant support.”
...recommendation Alpha Lipoic Acid
“...Alpha lipoic acid (ALA), silymarin, and selenium have been used in combination with success in reducing symptoms and elevated liver enzyme levels (though the viral load was not substantially reduced).”

Hepatitis A

...related topic
“...This is followed (for 1 to 3 weeks but possibly much longer) by jaundice (slight skin yellowing), anorexia, nausea, fatigue, pale stools, dark urine and liver enlargement, but usually no fever.”

Hepatitis B

...related topic
“...This is followed by jaundice (slight skin yellowing), anorexia, nausea, fatigue, pale stools, dark urine and tender liver enlargement, but usually no fever.”

Hepatitis C

...related topic
“...This is followed by jaundice (slight skin yellowing), anorexia, nausea, fatigue, pale stools, dark urine and tender liver enlargement, but usually no fever.”


...related topic
“Simultaneous enlargement of both the liver (hepatomegaly) and the spleen (splenomegaly).”


...related topic
“Being toxic or destructive to the liver.”

High Body Fat Percentage

...the condition
“...This fat is found in the bone marrow and spinal cord; it surrounds the liver, spleen, heart, kidneys, and other organs...”

High Sex Hormone Binding Globulin

...the condition
“...Elevated SHBG may be encountered in hyperthyroidism and hepatic cirrhosis...”

High Total Cholesterol

...recommendation Animal/Saturated Fats Avoidance
“...A properly functioning liver regulates the blood cholesterol level by storing, producing, releasing and excreting cholesterol as appropriate – primarily as bile...”
...recommendation Artichoke Extract
“Choleretics typically lower cholesterol levels because they increase the excretion of cholesterol and decrease the synthesis of cholesterol in the liver.  Consistent with its choleretic effect, cynara extract from artichoke leaf has been shown to lower blood cholesterol (13%) and triglyceride levels (5%) in both human and animal studies.”

High/Increased Protein Diet a treatment
“...Those with liver or kidney problems need to be particularly careful: Protein is metabolized by the liver and excreted by the kidneys into the urine...”
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More topics Related to Liver

High-Density Lipoprotein

...related topic
“Also known as "good" cholesterol, HDLs are large, dense, protein-fat particles that circulate in the blood picking up already used and unused cholesterol and taking them back to the liver as part of a recycling process...”

Histapenia (Histamine Low)

...recommendation Zinc
“...During treatment, the largest tissues of the body – namely the liver and muscles – are flushed of their copper first so that the serum copper may rise to aggravate mental symptoms...”

Histiocytosis X

...the condition
“...The histiocytes damage not only the lungs but also the skin, lymph glands, bone, liver, and spleen...”


...the condition
“...When histoplasmosis spreads, it can affect bone marrow, the liver, spleen, lymph nodes, mouth, intestines, brain, and the adrenal glands...”

Hodgkin's Lymphoma

...the condition
“...The doctor considers the following to determine the stage of Hodgkin's disease ... Whether the disease has spread to the bone marrow, spleen, or places outside the lymphatic system, such as the liver...”

Homeopathic Growth Hormones a treatment
“...Two types of Homeopathic Human Growth Hormone products are Homeopathic HGH without liver extract, and Homeopathic HGH combined with liver extract...”

Homeopathic Remedies a treatment
“...A popular homeopathic treatment for the flu is a 200C dilution of duck liver, marketed under the name Oscillococcinum...”


...the condition
“...several of the signs and symptoms and/or there is a family history of Homocysteinuria, the following tests can be conducted: Amino acid screening; Genetic testing; Skeletal X-ray; Skin biopsy; Liver biopsy; Ophthalmic exam; Newborns are now offered blood spot screening once they are 5 days old to check if they have Homocysteinuria...”

Hot Drinks a treatment
“...Coffee provides antioxidants known as polyphenols, and some studies have suggested that the drink lowers the risk of Type 2 diabetes and liver cancer.  But there's really nothing healthful in coffee per se...”

Hydrochloric Acid Deficiency

...the condition
“...conditions: Malnutrition; Iron deficiency; Osteoporosis; Receding gums; Food allergies; Gallstones; Diabetes; Greater risk of bad bacteria and parasites in the intestines; Ulcer formation; Reduced liver function; Decreased white blood cell activity; Mineral deficiencies due to malabsorption”

Hydroxycitric Acid a treatment
“...When glycogen is produced and stored, the glucoreceptors in the liver induce the feeling of fullness...”


...the condition
“...through laboratory findings (growth hormone level is high, even when patient receives glucose load; diabetes occurs in 30% of cases; elevated IGF-1; elevated prolactin level; elevated liver function; elevated blood urea nitrogen; elevated phosphorus; decreased free thyroxine; elevated thyroid stimulating hormone) and through imaging (MRI shows pituitary tumor)...”


...the condition
“...Another test measures red blood cells in the liver and spleen after injection of a radioactive substance, and indicates areas where the spleen is holding on to large numbers of red cells or is destroying them...”


...the condition
“...Fasting hypoglycemia can be caused by ... Excess alcohol consumption without eating can prevent the liver from releasing glucose into the bloodstream...”

Hypothalamus / Pituitary / Pineal Dysfunction

...the condition
“...Most of these hormones are produced by these and the other major endocrine glands, but several other organs also manufacture hormones – the stomach, liver, intestines, kidneys, and heart all contain groups of hormone-secreting cells...”


...the condition
“...About 14-20 times as much T4 as T3 is normally produced; T4 contains four iodine atoms, and is converted to the more active T3 form (with three iodine atoms) in the liver, brain, and other tissues...”

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

...our question about Unexplained nausea
“IBS can lead to nausea in various ways ... IBS can cause constipation, which can put stress on the liver, and liver problems can cause nausea...”
...recommendation Dandelion
“...These bitters are responsible for dandelion's effectiveness against digestive disorders such as IBS, stimulating the functions of the stomach, liver and bile...”
...recommendation Cranberry Juice
“...Cranberry juice is also rich in vitamin C, which aids digestion by helping the liver to break down fat more efficiently and move fatty foods through the system more quickly.”

Immune System Imbalance (TH2 Dominance)

...the condition
“...These include: Omega-3 fatty acids, monounsaturated fats found in olive and hazelnut oils, vitamin A cod liver oil, l-Glutamine, Silica, digestive enzymes, friendly intestinal flora or soil based organisms (SBOs), ginseng (Red Korean or concentrated Siberian Ginseng extract), chlorella (spirulina and...”

Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption a treatment
“...Carbohydrates are the most efficient fuel for energy production and can also be stored as glycogen in muscle and liver, functioning as a readily available energy source for prolonged, strenuous exercise...”

Indian Long Pepper a treatment
“...migraine; toothache; indigestion; stomach ache; diarrhea; bronchitis; cough; asthma: prevention recurrent attacks of bronchial asthma; cholera; bacterial infections; coma; epilepsy; fever; stroke; liver toxicity; jaundice; promoting weight loss; reducing body fat; preventing lung disorders; supporting skeletal function; increasing bone strength; slowing the aging process; anemia; rheumatoid...”

Infectious Mononucleosis - Mono

...the condition
“...Other tests your doctor might order include a complete blood count (CBC) to see if your blood platelet count is lower than normal and if lymphocytes are abnormal, and a chemistry panel to see if liver enzymes are abnormal...”
...our question about Liver enlargement
“Mild enlargement of the liver may occur.”

Inositol a treatment
“...The action of the intestinal bacteria liberates inositol from phytic acid, which is found in citrus fruits, nuts, seeds and legumes, wheat germ, brewers yeast, bananas, liver, beef brains and heart, whole grains such as brown rice, oat flakes, unrefined molasses, raisins and vegetables such as cabbage...”


...related topic
“...Insulin stimulates the liver, muscles, and fat cells to remove glucose from the blood for use or storage.”

Insulin Therapy a treatment
“...Insulin also influences the liver, which plays a key role in maintaining normal blood-sugar levels...”

Intoxication Susceptibility

...the condition
“...Alcohol and the Liver Alcohol circulates in the bloodstream until it is processed by the liver; the liver is where the body finishes breaking down alcohol...”

Iron a treatment
“...Concentrate on green, leafy vegetables, lean, red meat, beef liver, poultry, fish, wheat germ, oysters, dried fruit, prune juice and iron-fortified cereals...”

Iron Deficiency Anemia

...our question about Your Total Iron Binding Capacity level
“While TIBC is commonly elevated in cases of iron deficiency anemia, it is also increased through the use of oral contraceptives and in pregnancy, blood loss and acute liver damage.”

Iron Requirement

...the condition
“...The body stores iron in the liver, spleen, kidneys and bone marrow as ferritin, hemosiderin and siderophilin...”


...the condition
“...The three categories are ... Pre-hepatic: The pathology is occurring prior the liver...”
...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“Jaundice is a yellowing of the skin and eyes that occurs when the diseased liver does not process enough bilirubin.”
...relationship to Liver Function Test Requirement
“Jaundice is a common problem and liver function testing may give clues to the cause.”

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

...recommendation Aspirin
“...Liver enzymes should be monitored prior to and during aspirin therapy...”

Kaposi's Sarcoma

...the condition
“...on the skin and mucous membranes that line the mouth, nose and anus, but may also affect internal organs – particularly the lymph nodes), lungs and organs of the digestive system such as the liver, stomach and intestine...”

Kava a treatment
“...In late 2001, kava came under the scrutiny of the FDA, which is acting on reports from Europe that kava may damage the liver.  Based on these reports, the UK has banned sales of kava products and German authorities have notified manufacturers of kava products that their licenses to market the herb could be withdrawn...”

Kidney Cancer

...the condition
“...Tuberous sclerosis is a disease characterized by small tumors of the blood vessels, which result in numerous bumps on the skin, mental retardation, seizures, cysts in the kidneys, liver, and pancreas and RCC...”

Kidney Disease

...recommendation Bearberry (Uva Ursi)
“Uva ursi soothes, strengthens, and tightens irritated and inflamed tissues and supports the urinary system by promoting healthy bladder, liver and kidney functions...”

Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis)

...the condition
“...Oxalate is found in some fruits and vegetables, but the liver produces most of it...”

Korsakoff's Psychosis

...related topic
“...It stems from the effects of the acetaldehyde that builds up in the liver and spills over into the bloodstream, where it creates free radicals that cause damage throughout the body...”

Lecithin / Choline a treatment
“...It is found in soybeans, liver and other animal organs, bile, oatmeal, cabbage, and cauliflower...”


...the condition
“...Following a diagnosis, blood chemistries are used to gauge the degree of liver and kidney damage and the effects of any chemotherapy treatment...”

L-Glutathione a treatment
“...Glutathione is involved in various liver detoxification processes...”

Lipase a treatment
“...In order for fat to be digested properly, the liver starts this process by emulsifying the large fat molecules, and bile breaks it down to small droplets, allowing the lipase to start its work...”

Liver & Gallbladder Cleanse

...related topic
“A liver flush, also called a gallbladder flush, is used to improve health by cleansing the liver and gallbladder of toxins and gallstones...”

Liver Abscess

...the condition
“Alternative names: Hepatic abscess, Hepatic amebiasis, Extraintestinal amebiasis, Amebic liver A liver abscess is a pus-filled cyst inside the liver...”
...our question about Pain in the upper-right abdomen under rib cage
“As well as abdominal pain, the liver and area below the right rib are tender to the touch.”

Liver Cancer

...the condition
“Cancer that begins in the liver is called primary liver cancer, which is relatively uncommon...”
...our question about Pain between the shoulder blades
“Pain between the shoulder blades is an initial symptom of liver cancer, but would normally be accompanied by other symptoms such as weight loss, loss of appetite, yellowish skin color.”
...relationship to Vitamin B12 Requirement
“The liver is the body's main store of vitamin B12.”
...recommendation Picrorhiza
“Picrorhiza has been shown to reduce formation of liver cancer due to chemical exposures in animal studies...”

Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement

...the condition
“Hampered detoxification processes can result in a condition labeled by many naturopathic and nutrition-oriented physicians as the "congested" or "sluggish" liver, or the more recently coined "impaired hepatic detoxification"...”
...our question about Problems digesting garlic/onions
“An inability to digest onion or garlic may indicate compromised liver function.”
...relationship to Magnesium Requirement
“Magnesium deficiency has been found to be more common in patients with diabetes, liver disease or malabsorption problems.”
...recommendation Alpha Lipoic Acid
“Alpha-lipoic acid has been used very successfully as a therapeutic agent in a number of conditions relating to liver disease, including alcohol-induced damage, mushroom poisoning, metal intoxification and carbon tetrachloride poisoning.”
...recommendation Coffee Enema
“The coffee enema causes the liver to produce more bile (which contains processed toxins) and moves bile out towards the small intestine for elimination...”
...recommendation Alcohol Avoidance
“...Even though supplements of these nutrients, together with the amino acid cysteine, may help the liver detoxify acetaldehyde, it would be wiser to avoid alcohol, its primary source.”
...recommendation Silymarin / Milk Thistle
“Four herbs that can promote liver health include milk thistle, dandelion root, globe artichoke and turmeric.”
...recommendation Castor Oil
“Castor oil packs are commonly placed over the liver.”

Liver Detoxification Phase II Support a treatment
“The liver is one of the most important organs in the body when it comes to detoxifying or getting rid of foreign substances or toxins, especially from the gut...”

Liver Disease

...the condition
“The liver is responsible for a great number of functions in the body...”
...our question about Pain in the upper-right abdomen under rib cage
Liver disease is usually only painful if it stretches the capsule of the liver...”

Liver Function Test Requirement

...the condition
“The liver is the chemical factory of the body: it stores and releases energy and minerals, makes bile and controls fat absorption...”
...our question about Itchy skin
“The reason why patients with liver disease itch is not known, although it is commonly believed that some substances accumulate in the blood as a result of a poorly functioning liver and thus cause itching...”

Liver Spots

...the condition
“...Although they have nothing to do with the liver, the name probably comes from their color and liver-shaped appearance...”

Liver/Gall Bladder Flush a treatment
“Alternative names: Liver and Gallbladder Cleanse Gallbladder and liver flushes are widely advocated as a way of treating gallstones and (much less common) liver stones...”

Low Melatonin Level

...the condition
“...example, oats, rice, barley, pumpkin seeds, almonds, peanuts, soybean, spirulina seaweed, brewers yeast, sweetcorn, tomatoes, ginger, bananas, milk, yoghurt, cottage cheese, turkey, chicken, chicken liver.  It seems as though melatonin encourages some level of restorative function during sleep...”

Low Purine Diet a treatment
“...The following foods have very high purine levels, and should be avoided completely ... Liver...”

Low Sex Hormone Binding Globulin

...the condition
“Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) is a protein produced by the liver which binds to three sex hormones found in both men and women: estrogen, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and testosterone...”

Maca a treatment
“...Those with a "hormone-related" cancer such as testicular or ovarian cancer, and those with liver problems or high blood pressure, should first consult a doctor before taking maca.”


...related topic
“...They line the spleen, form the cleansing Kupffer cells in the liver, make up the "dust cells" that protect the lungs, protect the synovial fluids of the joints, and form the microglial cells that provide protection to the brain and nerve tissues...”

Magnesium a treatment
“...Magnesium and calcium with digitalis can cause heart block WARNING: Magnesium can be toxic for those who have either renal (kidney/liver) problems or atrioventricular blocks (severe heart disease).”


...the condition
“...The parasites then travel to the person's liver, enter the liver's cells, grow and multiply...”

Manganese a treatment
“...Manganese is predominantly stored in the bones, liver, kidney, and pancreas...”
...related topic
“...Adults normally contain an average of 10 to 20mg of manganese in their bodies, most of which is contained in bone, the liver and the kidneys...”

Master Cleanse a treatment
“...Detoxification is recommend when symptoms such as these manifest themselves ... The liver is 'sluggish'...”


...the condition
“...Mast cells are found in the in skin, lymph nodes, internal organs such as the liver and spleen, and the linings of the lung, stomach, and intestine...”

Megaloblastic Anemia / Pernicious Anemia

...the condition
“...In contrast to vitamin B12, the liver is able to store only a small amount of folic acid...”

Mercury Toxicity (Amalgam Illness)

...our question about Mercury amalgam tooth fillings
“...Mercury then accumulates in the brain, the gut, and the liver.  The largest study of amalgam toxicity ever done took place at the University of Tübingen in Germany in 1995...”

Methionine a treatment
“...Methionine is found in animal products, and is important to control fat levels in the liver and the arteries...”


...the condition
“...corticosteroids, hypothalamic depressants, anticholinergics, anticoagulants); uterine fibroids; functional ovarian cysts; polyps; carcinoma of the vagina, cervix, endometrium or ovary; renal or liver disease; coagulation disorders; anabolic steroid use; IUDs or other trauma...”

Migraine/Tension Headaches

...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“A 'sluggish liver' often contributes to headaches.”

Molybdenum a treatment
“...Xanthine oxidase may also help in the mobilization of iron from liver reserves.  Aldehyde oxidase helps in the oxidation of carbohydrates and other aldehydes, including acetaldehyde produced from ethyl alcohol...”
...related topic
“...The average adult has about 9mg of molybdenum concentrated mostly in the liver, kidney, adrenal glands, bones and skin...”

Monocytes Elevated

...the condition
“...After a few hours they migrate to tissues such as the spleen, liver, lung, and bone marrow, where they mature into macrophages, the main scavenger cells of the immune system...”

MSM (Methyl Sulfonyl Methane) a treatment
“...It also helps the liver excrete toxins...”

Multiple Myeloma

...the condition
“...The amyloid protein may be deposited in various tissues and organs, including the kidneys, liver, and heart, and disrupt their normal functions...”

Multiple Sclerosis

...the condition
“...fat; Saturated fat intake below 15gm (3 teaspoons) per day; Unsaturated fat intake at a minimum of 20gm (4 teaspoons) and a maximum of 50gm (10 teaspoons) per day; 1 teaspoon or 4 capsules of cod liver oil each day; The results of Dr. Swank's 34-year study from 1949-1984 are impressive...”
...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“The Swank diet includes a blend of 40-50gm per day of essential fatty acids as well as at least 1 teaspoon of cod liver oil per day.”
...recommendation Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
“Dr. Fred Klenner, MD pioneered the use of injectable thiamine (vitamin B1) and injectable liver extract for the treatment of multiple sclerosis...”

Multiple Vitamin Supplement a treatment
“...Oil-soluble vitamins can be stored for longer periods of time in the body's fatty tissue and the liver.  These include vitamins A, D, E and K...”

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

...the condition
“ the following signs: neutropenia (low white blood cell count); anemia (low red blood cell count); thrombocytopenia (low platelet count); enlarged spleen (splenomegaly); (more rarely) enlarged liver (hepatomegaly); abnormal granules in cells; abnormal nuclear shape and size; chromosomal abnormalities, including chromosomal translocations and abnormal chromosome number; The World Health...”


...the condition
“...The liver and spleen will try to compensate by taking over some of the blood cell production, causing swelling of these organs, which can in turn result in a feeling of abdominal fullness...”

Natural Progesterone a treatment
“...A partial list includes headaches, depression, fluid retention, increased risk of birth defects and early abortion, liver dysfunction, breast tenderness, breakthrough bleeding, acne, hirsutism (hair growth), insomnia, edema, weight changes, pulmonary embolism and premenstrual-like syndrome...”

Neurologic Testing, Conventional a treatment
“...Similarly, widespread slowing indicates a widespread disturbance of brain function, often due to a blood born insult like low blood sugar, drug intoxication, liver failure, etc...”


...the condition
“...Neutrophils move into tissues randomly and are destroyed in the spleen, liver, and bone marrow after performing their function...”

Night Blindness

...relationship to Zinc Requirement
“Zinc is required in order to transport vitamin A from the liver to the retina and thus zinc supplementation, especially in those who are deficient, should help improve night vision.”
...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“Reduced night vision can be linked to a variety of conditions caused by impaired liver function which in turn reduces vitamin A metabolism.”

Night Sweats

...relationship to Chronic / Hidden Infection
“A hidden infection, such as an abscess in the liver or spleen, can cause night sweats and fever without many other symptoms.”

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

...the condition
“...This type of cancer can spread to almost any part of the body, including the liver, bone marrow, and spleen...”

Nutritional Deficiency

...the condition
“...Symptoms include ... liver enlargement...”
...our question about Abdominal distension, swelling
“...The abdominal swelling is due to (1) ascites caused by hypoalbuminemia and (2) an enlarged fatty liver.”

Olive Oil a treatment
“...Olive oil appears to protect the bones, joints, skin, liver and heart...”

Oral Lichen Planus

...the condition
“...Known triggers include ... Hepatitis C infection and other liver diseases...”

Oregon Grape Root a treatment
“...Barberry is more specific for the liver while Oregon grape is a valuable aid to the lymphatic system...”


...the condition
“...All three are characterized by the presence of Gaucher (lipid-laden) cells in the bone marrow and other organs such as the spleen and liver.  Bone deterioration (Osteonecrosis) is a major symptom of this disease and can affect any part of the body...”


...the condition
“...Some serious and common side-effects include: allergic reactions, heart problems, liver and kidney failure, weight gain/loss, and psychological effects...”

Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)

...recommendation Inositol Hexaniacinate
“...Lipotropic agents help in the metabolism of hormones by the liver, important for the prevention of PMS.”


...related topic
“Opposite the liver and behind the stomach, the pancreas has two main functions – to manufacture various enzymes for digestion, and to release hormones to help control the body's use of carbohydrates...”

Parasite Infection

...the condition
“...The various species of flukes – tiny flat worms that look like odd-shaped pancakes – include blood flukes, fish flukes, intestinal flukes, liver flukes, lung flukes, lymph flukes and pancreatic flukes...”
...recommendation Wormwood
“...The most active ingredient, artemisinin, is a potent prooxidant whose activity is enhanced by polyunsaturated fats such as cod liver oil and antagonized by vitamin E...”

Parkinson's Disease

...recommendation Coffee Enema
“Increases glutathione levels in the liver.  See the link between Parkinson's Disease and Glutathione.”

Parsley a treatment
“...Other traditional uses include the treatment of diseases of the prostate, liver, and spleen, anemia, and arthritis; as an expectorant, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, hypotensive, laxative; and as a scalp lotion to stimulate hair growth...”


...the condition
“...Blood tests can confirm or rule out infections, and also check liver and kidney function...”


...the condition
“...Most cases of bacterial peritonitis occur as a result of ascites due to chronic liver disease, or in kidney failure patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis...”

Phyllanthus a treatment
“...While it remains unknown as to which of these ingredients has an antiviral effect, research shows this herb acts primarily on the liver.  This action in the liver confirms its historical use as a remedy for jaundice...”

Platelet Aggregation (Clotting)

...the condition
“...Substances that reduce platelet aggregation include tocotrienols, shark liver oil, curcumin, gingko biloba, grape seed extract, grapes and grape juice, testosterone, Coumadin, fish oils, vitamin E at 300 IU or above, B6 at 150-200mg, EFAs, garlic, taurine and gugulipids...”

Policosanol/Octacosanol a treatment
“...This compares favorably with cholesterol-lowering drugs which have the drawback of side-effects such as liver dysfunction and muscle atrophy...”

Polycythemia Vera

...the condition
“...The earliest symptoms frequently include ... liver and spleen enlargement, causing a dull, intermittent ache in the abdomen...”


...recommendation Conventional Drug Use
“...Both can cause liver and bone marrow side-effects and require regular blood monitoring...”

Poor Memory

...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“A damaged liver cannot remove toxins from the blood, causing them to accumulate in the blood and eventually the brain...”

Poor Small Intestine Health

...the condition
“...The duodenum receives bile from the liver and gallbladder, to decrease the surface tension between the large fat globules and water, and break them into smaller globules that can be acted upon by lipase...”

Poor/Slow Wound Healing

...the condition
“...In sepsis and septic shock, circulation is reduced; blood pressure is markedly reduced, causing vital organs to receive reduced blood supply; heart, kidney, and liver functions are reduced or show signs of shutdown (multiple organ failure); and abnormal bleeding can develop...”

Portal circulation

...related topic
“Circulation in which the outflow from one organ goes directly to a second organ, most commonly used to refer to the venous circulation of the intestine which goes to the liver.”

Portal hypertension

...related topic
“High blood pressure (hypertension) in the hepatic portal system, which is made up of the portal vein and its branches that drain from most of the intestine into the liver...”

Potassium Need

...the condition
“...Conversion of blood sugar into glycogen for storage in the liver and muscles...”

Pregnenolone a treatment
“...Pregnenolone also enhances the activity of the cytochrome P450 detoxifying enzymes, which help our cells (especially in the liver and brain) to detoxify poisons of all sorts, whether from the outside world, or our own metabolically-produced toxins...”

Premenstrual Syndrome

...recommendation Lactobacillus Acidophilus
“Lactobacillus acidophilus has been shown to inhibit the fecal bacterial enzyme, beta-glucuronidase, which is responsible for deconjugating liver conjugated estrogen.”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Headache)

...the condition
“...Aldosterone excess during the luteal phase of PMS-H patients may arise due to any of the following factors ... Estrogen Excess – estrogen increases hepatic excretion and production of angiotensinogen, the precursor to angiotensin II...”

Problems Caused By Being Overweight

...recommendation DHEA
“...This two-month study also demonstrated that 7-Keto does not significantly affect blood sugar, testosterone, estradiol, liver or kidney function...”

Protein Deficiency

...the condition
“...deficiency can negatively affect enzyme production, muscle contractions in the GI tract, and digestion in general); Diarrhea; Reduced blood pressure; High cholesterol and triglycerides (due to the liver processing fats less efficiently); Growth problems in children; Edema (fluid retention); Irregular menstrual cycle (a low-protein, high-carb diet contributes to insulin resistance, fatigue...”


...related topic
“...Clinically it presents with photosensitivity felt after a short period of sun-exposure; uncommonly, patients develop liver disease as a result of protoporphyrin accumulation.”


...the condition
“...A list of alternative considerations and treatments should include: Improving digestive function, improving liver function, improving bowel ecology, alcohol avoidance, fish oil and omega 3 supplementation, fasting, vegetarianism, food allergy elimination diets, sunshine exposure and vitamin D use, a high...”
...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“Correcting abnormal liver function is of great benefit in the treatment of psoriasis...”

Psoriatic Arthritis

...the condition
“...More serious side-effects, monitored through regular blood and urine tests, include liver damage, and excessive lowering of the white blood cell count (increasing susceptibility to certain infections) and platelet count (affecting blood clotting)...”


...related topic
“...It facilitates the release of glycogen for energy from the liver and muscles...”

Raynaud's Phenomenon

...the condition
“...Though liver involvement is less with IH than niacin, larger doses may require monitoring for liver enzyme elevations...”

Right Hypochondriac

...related topic
“...It contains the liver, gallbladder, right kidney, small intestine, transverse colon, and ascending colon.”

Right Lumbar

...related topic
“...It contains the gallbladder, liver tip, right colon, ascending colon, and small intestines.”

Risk Of Premature Death

...the condition
“...In medical terms, the leading causes of premature death are ... liver disease...”


...the condition
“...Examples have included cheese, sour cream, yogurt, citrus fruit, liver, chocolate, vanilla, soy sauce, yeast extract (though bread is OK), vinegar, eggplant, avocados, spinach, broad-leafed beans and pods, and foods high in histamine or niacin...”

S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) a treatment
“...Although it's used for liver disease in Russia, arthritis in Germany and depression in Italy, it is used for Neurosomatic Syndrome in the US...”


...the condition
“...It is a granulomatous disease in which inflammation may occur in lymph nodes, lungs, liver, eyes, skin, joints, kidneys, liver and spleen, and other tissues...”

Selenium a treatment
“...Selenium can build up in the human body, mostly in the liver and kidneys and, to a lesser extent, in the blood, lungs, heart, and testes...”

Senile Dementia

...the condition
“...Causes include ... Wilson disease, a rare disease causing an accumulation of copper in the liver, brain, kidneys, and corneas...”


...related topic
“SGOT and SGPT: Liver enzymes that are normally only present in minute quantities in the blood, but become elevated under a variety of circumstances, particularly hepatitis.”


...related topic
“A glycoprotein, synthesized in the liver, which binds testosterone and 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone strongly, and estradiol somewhat less strongly...”

Sickle Cell Trait / Disease

...the condition
“...Complications from the sickle cells blocking blood flow and breaking apart early include ... blood blockage in the spleen or liver (sequestration)...”

Sideroblastic Anemia

...the condition
“...Possible complications of sideroblastic anemia include ... Enlargement of the liver and spleen...”

Silymarin / Milk Thistle a treatment
“...Silymarin is considered a liver protectant, a choleretic (moving bile), and a liver-specific antioxidant...”

Sjogren's Syndrome

...the condition
“...Other tests may include ... Routine blood tests – The doctor will take blood samples to check blood count and blood sugar level, and to see how the liver and kidneys are working...”

Small Intestine Cancer

...the condition
“...severe nausea and vomiting (because of the blockage caused by the cancer in the small bowel), jaundice (when the cancer involves the upper small intestine and blocks the bile ducts draining the liver).  Doctors frequently diagnose small intestine cancer during surgery for unexplained bowel obstruction...”

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

...the condition
“...A history of angiosarcoma of the liver; A weak or poorly-functioning immune system; Inherited diseases such as...”

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

...the condition
“...In order to diagnose Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction, a blood test is used to look for abnormal liver and pancreatic enzyme levels...”


...the condition
“...Digestive disorders affect the production and release of the enzyme lipase from the pancreas, or bile from the liver, which are substances that aid digestion of fats; absorptive disorders disturb the absorptive and enzyme functions of the intestine...”
...related topic
“...Sometimes this can indicate liver, gall bladder or lipid metabolism diseases...”

Stillingia a treatment
“Alternative names: Yaw Root, Queen's Root, Queen's Delight, Marcory, Pavil, Silverleaf, Cockup Hat Stillingia is a highly-regarded herbal remedy with a long history of use in benefiting skin, liver, immune system, respiratory and other conditions...”

Stomach Cancer

...the condition
“...This includes the following ... Blood test – including tests for anemia and to assess liver function...”

Stool Exam a treatment
“...Stool analysis is used for the following ... Diagnosing diseases of the digestive tract, liver, and pancreas...”

Subphrenic Abscess

...the condition
“...Risk factors for secondary subphrenic abscess include ... liver infection...”

Supplemental Fiber a treatment
“...Much of this detoxification occurs in the liver.  When the liver detoxifies these substances, the end products are frequently eliminated in the bile, a liquid substance made in our liver and secreted via the gall bladder into out intestinal...”

Susceptibility To Hangovers

...the condition
“...It is, however, a very bad way of dealing with hangovers because of the strain it puts on the liver and stomach...”
...relationship to Vitamin B1 Requirement
“...Interestingly, beer contains a good amount of thiamine, but as vitamin B1 oxidizes the alcohol out of the blood in the liver, thiamine is used up and must be replaced.”
...relationship to Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement
“...In the liver, methanol takes 10 times longer than ethanol to break down.”
...recommendation Silymarin / Milk Thistle
“Milk thistle is renowned for its ability to support and stimulate the liver, the organ primarily responsible for ridding the body of alcohol...”

Test Estrogen Level a treatment
“...Can indicate serious liver disease (cirrhosis) in both men and women...”

Test Immune System Function a treatment
“...The immune system works closely with the central nervous system, the endocrine system and the liver to maintain homeostasis...”

Test Serum Uric Acid Levels a treatment
“...For people who have uric acid kidney stones or gout, foods that are high in purine content should be avoided, including organ meats (like liver and kidneys), sardines and anchovies...”

Test Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) a treatment
“...SHBG is a protein produced by the liver.  SHBG binds tightly to testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and estradiol (an estrogen) before transporting them in the blood in a metabolically inactive form...”

Test/Monitor Liver Function a treatment
“In cases of serious liver pathology, liver enzymes will usually be elevated...”

TMG (Trimethylglycine) a treatment
“...Methylation reactions and how they relate to the prevention of many diseases such as cancer, heart disease, liver disease and neurological disorders are a growing area of interest for researchers...”

Torn, weak, or Stretched Ligaments or Tendons

...the condition
“...Sodium morrhuate is extracted from cod liver oil and has the same chemical formula as arachidonic acid...”


...the condition
“...Affecting the brain, lung, heart, eyes, or liver, symptoms include...”

Transferrin Saturation Test a treatment
“...Colds, inflammation, liver disease, and malignancies can falsely lower test values...”

Turmeric Extract, Curcumin a treatment
“...Curcumin's protective effects on the liver are similar to those of Milk Thistle (silymarin) and Artichoke Leaf Extract (cynarin)...”

Tyramine-containing Foods Avoidance a treatment
“...Aged, cured or spoiled meats: beef or chicken liver, other meats, fish (unrefrigerated, fermented), fermented sausages (bologna, pepperoni, salami, summer sausage), game meat, meat tenderizer, meat extracts, caviar, salted herring and other dried...”

Ulcerative Colitis

...the condition
“...Laboratory findings ... Increased alkaline phosphatase, SGOT (AST) and bilirubin due to associated liver disease...”
...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“Cirrhosis of the liver can occur when the immune system triggers inflammation there as a result of ulcerative colitis.”

Ultrasound Imaging a treatment
“...Ultrasound is used to provide images of the following ... liver (when cirrhosis, liver cysts, abscesses, or tumors are suspected)...”

Urinalysis a treatment
“...Very uncommon crystals include: cystine crystals in urine of neonates with congenital cystinuria or severe liver disease, tyrosine crystals with congenital tyrosinosis or marked liver impairment, or leucine crystals in patients with severe liver disease or with maple syrup urine disease...”

Vaginal Itching

...the condition
“...Causes of itchy skin in general can include ... During pregnancy, a liver abnormality called intrahepatic cholestasis (pooling of bile salts)...”

Valerian Root a treatment
“...Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, and those with severe liver or kidney disease has not been established.”

Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis)

...the condition
“...In disseminated disease, extension of infection to the bones, lungs, liver, meninges, brain, skin, heart, and pericardium (sac around the heart) may take place...”


...the condition
“...Liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis, alcoholic cirrhosis and biliary cirrhosis are associated with lowered hepatic clearance and increased circulating immune complexes...”

Very Low Density Lipids

...related topic
“These are blood transport fats, consisting mainly of triglycerides (made from sugar by the liver) and loosely covered in specialized proteins and phospholipids so they don't dissolve in the blood and the target tissues can recognize them...”

Vinegar a treatment
“...Apple cider vinegar breaks down the body's fatty, mucous and phlegm therefore improving the health and function of your liver, bladder, and kidneys...”

Vitamin A a treatment
“...Water-soluble vitamin A does not bioaccumulate in the liver as the typical fat-soluble form does...”

Vitamin A Requirement

...relationship to Multiple Vitamin Need
“...Foods rich in vitamin A include milk, cheese, liver, kidney, cod oil, carrots, sweet potatoes, broccoli, spinach, cantaloupe, pink grapefruit, and most leafy green vegetables.”

Vitamin A Toxicity

...the condition
“...It may also lead to an enlarged liver or to liver failure...”

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) a treatment
“...It was not until 1948, though, that researchers finally isolated the active principle in liver now called vitamin B12...”

Vitamin B12 Requirement

...the condition
“...Because a healthy liver is able to store several years' worth of vitamin B12, signs of deficiency may not be obvious for a long time...”

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) a treatment
“...Riboflavin is not stored in the body, except for a small quantity in the liver and kidneys, so it is needed regularly in the diet...”

Vitamin B2 Requirement

...the condition
“...Insufficient levels of riboflavin are provided by diets that do not include riboflavin-rich foods such as liver, yeast, and vegetables; special diets for weight loss, ulcers, or treatment of diabetes; or the diets of people who have bad eating habits and consume mostly refined foods and fast foods...”

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) a treatment
“...The best food sources are brewer's yeast, wheat germ, wheat bran, royal jelly, whole-grain breads and cereals, green vegetables, peas, beans, peanuts, crude molasses, liver and egg yolk...”

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) a treatment
“...Upon absorption and uptake into the liver, these are all converted to P5P, which is a co-factor in approximately 100 different enzymatic reactions...”

Vitamin B-Complex Requirement

...the condition
“...The B-vitamins help to maintain the health of the nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, and mouth, as well as healthy muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract and proper brain function...”

Vitamin D a treatment
“Vitamin D is fat-soluble vitamin requiring bile for absorption, and occurs naturally in animal foods such as salmon, herring, sardines, egg yolks, cod liver oil and dairy products...”

Vitamin D Requirement

...the condition
“...The conversion of vitamin D to 1,25-diOH-D does not occur in the skin, but in the liver and kidneys...”

Vitamin E a treatment
“...However, this oxygen, while life-saving, may lead to serious complications such as blindness, lung engorgement and fibrosis (scar tissue), a serious form of anemia, and heart and liver damage.  Vitamin E has proven very useful in combating all these conditions...”

Vitamin E Requirement

...the condition
“...Bile salts, produced in the liver, are required for the absorption of fats...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
“Vitamin E deficiency that occurs with cholestatic liver disease or other malabsorption syndromes can be treated with weekly injections of 100mg alpha-tocopherol that may continue for six months...”

Weakened Immune System

...the condition
“...Animal-based preparations include thymus proteins, lactoferrin and shark liver oil.  Anecdotal evidence supports the use of Bob Beck type electrical devices such as the magnetic pulser and 'Black Box' or Zapper...”

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

...the condition
“...It stems from the effects of the acetaldehyde that builds up in the liver and spills over into the bloodstream, where it creates free radicals that cause damage throughout the body...”

White Peony Root a treatment
“The effects of White Peony include nourishing the blood, regulating menstruation, reinforcing yin with astringent action to stop sweating, nourishing the liver pain and suppressing the liver-yang...”

Wilson's Disease

...the condition
“...A genetic disorder called Wilson's disease affects copper metabolism and leads to low serum and hair copper levels but high levels in the liver and brain...”

Yeast / Candida Infection

...the condition
“...Enhance liver function.  Use nutritional and herbal supplements that help control yeast overgrowth and promote a healthy bacterial flora...”

Yo-yo Dieting Consequences

...the condition
“...In order to reverse existing damage from yo-yo dieting ... support your liver because it's important for fat burning...”

Zinc a treatment
“...Its functions are varied and numerous, including synthesis of cholesterol, protein and fats, releasing vitamin A from the liver, assisting the immune system and cell growth, being required for vision, taste perception, prostrate reproductive health and insulin function, metabolizing alcohol, and protecting against copper...”

Zinc Requirement

...the condition
“...Symptoms of deficiency include ... night blindness (poor night vision), associated with an inability to mobilize retinol from the liver, may also be caused by zinc deficiency...”
...relationship to Vitamin A Requirement
“A deficiency of protein or zinc can reduce the amount of vitamin A released from the liver.”
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