Definition of Estrogen:

One of the female sex hormones produced by the ovaries.

Also: Oestrogen

Topics Related to Estrogen

Acetyl-L-Carnitine a treatment
“...refined and processed foods, long-term storage of foods, freezing of foods, canning of foods, commercial synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, radiation exposure, synthetic estrogen, birth control pills, sulfa drugs, most all drug medications...”

Alcohol Consumption a treatment
“...What would explain the apparent benefits of alcohol consumption?  ... It increases estrogen levels...”
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More topics Related to Estrogen

Alzheimer's Disease

...recommendation Test for Hormones
“Make sure estrogen and testosterone levels are normal.”
...recommendation Estrogen Replacement
Estrogen replacement therapy may help reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or delay its occurrence, but it does not help once disease is established...”


...relationship to The Effects Of Overtraining
“...For those women in whom no other cause of amenorrhea can be found, but who are unable or unwilling to either increase food intake or decrease the amount of exercise, estrogen replacement therapy is strongly indicated...”

Andropause/Male Menopause

...the condition
“...The relationship between the ovaries, estrogen, the brain, and the pituitary are the same as the relationship between the testes, testosterone, the brain, and the pituitary...”
...recommendation DIM / I3C
“There is a new appreciation of the effects of changing estrogen metabolism that come with male aging, now identified as andropause...”

Aneurysm / Rupture

...relationship to Copper Deficiency
“...Men are more susceptible to aneurysms than are young women, probably because estrogen increases the efficiency of copper absorption...”


...related topic
“Substance capable of preventing full expression of the biological effects of androgenic hormones on responsive tissues, either by producing an antagonistic effect, as in the case of estrogen, or by competing for receptor sites on the cell surface.”

Bacterial Dysbiosis

...relationship to Breast Cancer
“...dysbiosis is accompanied by an increase in fecal concentrations of various bacterial enzymes which metabolize bile acids to tumor promoters and deconjugate excreted estrogens, raising the plasma estrogen level.”

Biotin a treatment
“...refined and processed foods, long term storage of foods, freezing of foods, canning of foods, commercial synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, radiation exposure, synthetic estrogen, birth control pills, sulfa drugs...”

Birth Control Pill Issues

...relationship to Hormone Imbalance
“Birth control pills usually contain the estrogen hormone.”

Bone Density Scan a treatment
“...In general, this testing is recommended for women 65 and older along with younger postmenopausal women who have further risk factors for osteoporosis, including ... Low estrogen levels...”

Boron a treatment
“...Boron has been shown to be helpful in the calcium and estrogen levels in postmenopausal women...”

Breast Cancer

...the condition
“...Estrogen exposure is linked to cell mutations that can lead to breast cancer, and environmental and other causes appear to be triggers...”
...our question about Aspirin use
“Aspirin may slightly reduce risk of estrogen receptor positive forms of breast cancer.”
...recommendation Test for Hormones
“Testing for estrogen, progesterone and testosterone may help to properly evaluate breast and ovarian cancer risk...”
...recommendation Melatonin
“...This may be due to its ability to reduce the number of cellular estrogen receptors, which reduces the production of cell-multiplication factors...”

Cabbage Family Vegetables a treatment
“...Indole-3-carbinol is the only compound known that shifts the type of estrogen that predisposes one to cancer (16-hydroxy-estrone) to the 2-hydroxy-estrone which is a biologically less powerful estrogen metabolite...”

Calcium Requirement

...the condition
“...The NIH recommends a calcium intake of 1000mg per day for pre-menopausal women and post-menopausal women on estrogen replacement therapy (ERT)...”

Calcium-D-Glucarate a treatment
“...The beta-glucuronidase enzyme is associated with an increase in the number of estrogen receptors...”

Cancer, General

...recommendation Melatonin
“...This may be due to its ability to reduce the number of cellular estrogen receptors, which reduces the production of cell-multiplication factors...”

Cold Hands and Feet

...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“Cold hands and feet, often caused by low thyroid function, may be a symptom of estrogen excess or low progesterone influencing thyroid function.”

Concern Over Wrinkled Skin

...the condition
“...Although the hormones estrogen and testosterone slow skin collagen loss, a number of beauty treatments, including vitamin C and ceramide creams, can do the job without the side-effects...”

Consequences of Poor Diet

...the condition
“...Many pesticides, such as DDT, DDE and PCP, have been shown to mimic the effects of estrogen in the body and have been linked to the growing epidemic of estrogen-related health conditions such as PMS, breast cancer, and low sperm counts...”

Corpus Luteum

...related topic
“...It produces high volume of progesterone and moderate levels of estrogen (estradiol)...”

Corticosteroids a treatment
“...medicine such as digitalis; Diuretics (water pills); Medicine containing potassium or sodium; Immunizations (vaccinations); Cyclosporine (Sandimmune); Blood thinners, such as warfarin (Coumadin); Estrogen drugs, such as conjugated estrogens (Premarin) or oral contraceptives; Antacids (if taken frequently)...”

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

...the condition
“...There is good evidence – particularly in the case of women (menopause, loss of estrogen) – that sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone) play a role in DDD...”


...relationship to Estrogens Low
“Low estrogen levels trigger the brain to release MAO, an enzyme in the brain which breaks down and destroys the neurotransmitter, serotonin...”
...recommendation DHEA
“...In addition, DHEA is the precursor for estrogen and testosterone, which also enhance mood...”
...recommendation Tryptophan / 5HTP
“...Postpartum women usually have high estrogen levels and it has been found that high estrogen levels increase the conversion of tryptophan to niacin...”

DHEA a treatment
“...The body converts DHEA into testosterone or estrogen.  There have been many studies done and some of the research shows that this DHEA may be an anti-aging product, and if used in physiologic doses, can retard this natural process of aging...”
...related topic
“...DHEA may be transformed into testosterone, estrogen or other steroids...”

DHEA Elevated

...the condition
“Excess DHEA can cause excess levels of estrogen and testosterone, as well as creating a dependence.”

DIM / I3C a treatment
“...DIM has been shown to help regulate and promote a more efficient metabolism of estrogen, and an optimal ratio of estrogen metabolites...”

Elevated Cortisol Levels

...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“If a woman is not ovulating she may have lower estrogen and progesterone levels...”

Endometrial Cancer

...our question about Non-human estrogen use
“In 1975, The New England Journal of Medicine examined the rates of endometrial cancer for estrogen consumers, concluding that the risk was seven and a half times greater for estrogen users...”

Endometrial Hyperplasia

...the condition
“...Hyperplasia usually develops in the presence of continuous estrogen stimulation unopposed by progesterone...”

Endometrial Polyps

...the condition
“...After a period, the lining grows rapidly under the influence of hormones such as estrogen.  Polyps are areas that grow a little too much...”


...related topic
“...Unlike the normal tissue lining the uterus, ectopic tissue has no place to shed in response to a decline in estrogen and progesterone...”
...recommendation Test for Hormones
Estrogen excess or progesterone deficiency may contribute to the severity of the symptoms.”

Enlarged Prostate

...the condition
“...Throughout their lives, men produce both testosterone (an important male hormone) and small amounts of estrogen – a female hormone...”

Estrogen Replacement a treatment
Estrogen replacement therapy is commonly prescribed for women as their natural estrogen levels decline due to a hysterectomy or after menopause...”

Estrogen-balancing Medications a treatment
“...Fiber-rich diets can assist in extracting excessive estrogen stores from the body...”

Estrogens Low

...the condition
“Menopause is the time when symptoms of low estrogen levels usually manifest themselves...”
...our question about Your muscle/body fat composition
Estrogen levels tend to be lower in thin and very thin women.”
...relationship to Atherosclerosis
“Low estrogen levels raise LDL-C (bad) cholesterol, while lowering HDL (good) cholesterol, both of which contribute to atherosclerosis...”

Fatty Liver

...the condition
“...One form of fat that the liver produces is called triglycerides, which are important for new cell production for making hormones such as estrogen, testosterone and the adrenal hormones...”

Female Infertility

...recommendation Tobacco Avoidance
“...In animal studies, nicotine has not only been shown to decrease tubal motility and blood flow, but appears to decrease estrogen levels as well...”

Fennel a treatment
“...Estragole is a phytoestrogen that mildly mimics the female hormone, estrogen, and was once used to produce a synthetic version used in the treatment of bloating, breast tenderness, other PMS symptoms, and cramping...”

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

...the condition
“...Fibrocystic disease has been linked to excess estrogen.  When those with fibrocystic disease are put on a low-fat diet, their estrogen levels decrease...”
...recommendation Low/Decreased Fat Diet
“Fibrocystic disease has been linked to excess estrogen.  When those with fibrocystic disease are put on a low-fat diet, their estrogen levels decrease...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“...Since estrogen is responsible for premenstrual syndrome and breast tenderness, this may be one reason why coffee aggravates these conditions...”
...recommendation Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption
“A diet high in fiber from natural sources such as raw fruits and vegetables, whole grain products and beans increases elimination of estrogen from the body...”


...the condition
“...Fibroids need a rich blood supply and estrogen stimulates their growth...”
...our question about Non-menstrual bleeding
“The growth of uterine fibroids is estrogen dependent, which means that fibroids tend to stop growing – and often shrink – after menopause.”
...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
Estrogen levels have persistently been shown to be elevated in patients with uterine fibroids.”
...recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Though systemic progesterone use is often indicated, intravaginal application of progesterone cream may provide higher doses to the area needing it, and counter an estrogen dominance at the site.”

Folic Acid a treatment
“...With increased estrogen, as in pregnancy or when taking birth control pills, folic acid supplementation helps prevent deficiency symptoms...”

Gallbladder Disease

...the condition
“...Women are probably at increased risk because the female hormone estrogen stimulates the liver to remove more cholesterol from blood and divert it into the bile...”
...our question about Birth control pill use
“...Women of childbearing age using oral contraceptives may want to select one with a low estrogen level to reduce their risk, or use other methods of birth control.”


...related topic
“...These include estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone...”

High Female Testosterone Level

...recommendation Estrogen Replacement
“...Increasing the circulating estrogen in the blood by taking estrogens will increase the proteins that bind the androgens and help decrease the effects of all androgens, whether the levels are normal or excessive.”
...recommendation against DIM / I3C
“Aromatase inhibitors such as DIM, I3C, and Chrysin should be avoided, as they will enhance any preexisting androgen/estrogen dominance.”

High Levels Of Triglycerides

...the condition
“...In some cases elevated triglycerides may be due to an underlying medical condition or to the use of prescribed drugs such as beta-blockers, diuretics, estrogen (contraceptive or hormone replacement therapy), glucocorticoids, isotretinoin, protease inhibitors and tamoxifen...”

High Male Testosterone Level

...recommendation against DIM / I3C
“Aromatase inhibitors such as DIM, I3C, and Chrysin should be avoided, as they will enhance any preexisting androgen/estrogen dominance.”

High Sex Hormone Binding Globulin

...the condition
“...For the same reason, SHBG levels in late pregnancy or after estrogen administration may be especially elevated...”
...relationship to Breast Cancer
“...The same study reported that women with the highest levels of estrogen and/or testosterone were twice as likely to develop breast cancer as those with the lowest levels...”

Hormone Imbalance

...the condition
“...These include ... Breastfeeding – Estrogen levels drop while a woman is breastfeeding...”

Hormone-altering Drugs

...related topic
“...Examples include Metformin, which affects insulin levels; Tamoxifen and Arimidex which affect estrogen levels; LHRH agonists which affect testosterone levels; and propylthiouracil (PTU) and methimazole(MTZ) which affect thyroid levels.”

Hot Flashes

...related topic
“...They are caused by decreased levels of estrogen which create rushes of hormonal changes, which in turn cause blood vessels to open and constrict.”


...the condition
“...This, in turn, leads to a drop in LH and FSH, causing low estrogen levels and amenorrhea...”


...the condition
“...Estrogen should be replaced along with progesterone...”


...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“Progesterone increases sensitivity of estrogen receptors, and can therefore redirect estrogen activity and inhibit many of unopposed estrogen's undesirable side-effects, which includes interference with thyroid hormone activity.”
...recommendation Natural Progesterone
“...This is because natural progesterone increases sensitivity of estrogen receptors, and can therefore redirect estrogen activity and inhibit many of unopposed estrogen's undesirable side-effects, which include interference with thyroid hormone activity.”

Inositol Requirement

...the condition
“...Inositol is said to promote healthy hair, hair growth, and helps in controlling estrogen levels and may assist in preventing breast lumps...”


...the condition
“...Sometimes seborrheic keratoses may erupt during pregnancy, following estrogen therapy, or in association with other medical problems...”

Kidney Cancer

...the condition
“...Estrogen.  Test animals have developed RCC when given estrogens...”

Korean Ginseng a treatment
“...It must be noted that Panax ginseng has been proven to have a mild estrogen-promoting activity in some women and would thus would be contraindicated where estrogen is already excessive, as may be the case with PMS or breast cancer...”

Lithosperma a treatment
“...Use short term in the luteal phase, or full cycle to suppress high estrogen levels.  An infusion or decoction of the root has been used as a diuretic in the treatment of kidney complaints and also to treat internal hemorrhaging, and diarrhea...”

Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement

...our question about Breast cysts
“...If it is not fully functioning, estrogen can build up in the body and increase the risk of breast cysts.”

Low Adrenal Function / Adrenal Insufficiency

...our question about Hot flashes
“Adrenal estrogen seems to be necessary to avoid hot flashes during normal menses when the ovarian production of estrogen drops...”

Low DHEA Level

...the condition
“...In contrast, there was no relationship between estrogen levels and bone density...”

Low HGH (Human Growth Hormone)

...the condition
“...Replacement of the hormones which decline with age, such as growth hormone, estrogen and testosterone, is an important part of any antiaging program...”

Low Male Testosterone Level

...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“Testosterone is converted into estrogen naturally...”
...recommendation DIM / I3C
“DIM helps to balance the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone...”

Low Melatonin Level

...the condition
“Melatonin is a hormone in the same category as estrogen and testosterone and should not automatically be used as liberally as its current availability suggests...”

Low Pregnenolone Level

...the condition
“...All steroid hormones in the body (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA, aldosterone, cortisol, etc...”

Low Sex Drive

...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“Loss of sex drive often correlates with a progesterone deficiency, not an estrogen deficiency.”

Low Sex Hormone Binding Globulin

...the condition
“Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) is a protein produced by the liver which binds to three sex hormones found in both men and women: estrogen, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and testosterone...”
...recommendation against DIM / I3C
“Aromatase inhibitors such as DIM, I3C, and Chrysin should be avoided, as they will enhance any preexisting androgen/estrogen dominance.”
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More topics Related to Estrogen

Low Total Cholesterol

...relationship to Estrogens Low
“...A number of hormones, including estrogen, are synthesized from pregnenolone.”

Lupus, SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus)

...recommendation DIM / I3C
“...Patients with SLE had decreased androgen and increased estrogen levels.  Aromatase activity in SLE patients had significant direct correlation with estrogen levels...”

Luteinizing Hormone

...related topic
“Anterior pituitary hormone stimulating estrogen production by the ovary; promoting formation of progesterone by the corpus luteum in women and stimulating testosterone release in men.”

Maca a treatment
“...Maca does not work through hormone-like effects, and does not increase testosterone or estrogen.  Instead, the supposed mechanism of action is by normalizing steroid hormones such as testosterone, progesterone and estrogen...”

Male Breast Cancer

...the condition
“...Excess estrogen, especially around the time of puberty, has been identified as a possible factor...”

Male Hair Loss

...recommendation Green Tea
“...High intake of green tea has been associated with higher levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and lowered levels of serum estradiol (estrogen) concentration in women...”

Melatonin a treatment
“...It is a hormone, just like estrogen, thyroid, or cortisone, but without the obvious side-effects seen on overdosing...”


...related topic
“...It usually begins with night sweats, continues a few months later with estrogen, followed by ovulation, then the full cycle and the growth of secondary sexual characteristics...”

Menopausal Issues

...the condition
“...In 1966 a New York gynecologist, Dr. Robert Wilson, wrote a best seller called Feminine Forever, extolling the virtues of estrogen replacement to save women from the "tragedy of menopause which often destroys her character as well as her health...”
...recommendation Soy Isoflavones
“The North American Menopause Society suggests that soy isoflavones can also be a natural alternative to estrogen replacement therapy for relief of mild menopausal symptoms...”


...related topic
“...As commonly used, the word denotes the time of a woman's life, usually between the ages of 45 and 54, when periods cease and any symptoms of low estrogen levels persist, including hot flashes, insomnia, anxiety, mood swings, loss of libido and vaginal dryness...”

Menorrhagia (Heavy Periods)

...the condition
“...Possible causes include those associated with hormone changes such as too much estrogen or prolactin, too little or poorly timed luteinizing hormone, and polycystic ovarian disease...”
...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“In a normal menstrual cycle, estrogen and progesterone regulate the buildup of the endometrium (uterine lining of blood and tissue), which is shed each month during menstruation...”
...recommendation Natural Progesterone
“If progesterone levels are low or estrogen levels too high, avoid unnecessary estrogen use...”

Methionine a treatment
“...Methionine prevents fat build-up by assisting in the breakdown of fats; it detoxifies the digestive system; it is a powerful antioxidant; it reduces histamine levels; helps women excrete estrogen; helps to detoxify the liver...”


...the condition
“...Anovulatory or estrogen breakthrough bleeding is caused by the production of estrogen without normal surges of luteinizing hormone (LH) and secretion of progesterone from the corpus luteum...”
...recommendation Vitex / Chasteberry
“...Vitex indirectly promotes progesterone in cases of excess estrogen.  Overall, it helps to restore normal rhythm to the reproductive hormones.”
...recommendation Lithosperma
“Stoneseed (Lithosperma ruderale) and gromwell (L. officinale) have a progesterone-like effect that helps balance excess estrogen.  Both species of lithosperma may act directly on the hypothalamus to improve hormonal regulation and promote a regular cycle.”

Migraine/Tension Headaches

...relationship to Estrogens Low
“Women must first be exposed to elevated estrogen levels before low estrogen levels will trigger headache activity...”

Multiple Sclerosis

...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“...Other studies have indicated that symptoms are worse during periods when the progesterone to estrogen ratio is low.”

Natural Progesterone a treatment
“...Progesterone is also produced by the ovaries and compliments estrogen.  Natural progesterone has far fewer side-effects than the synthetic varieties, called progestins – such as methylprogesterone (Provera)...”

Night Sweats

...the condition
“...Chemotherapy (leaches the body of estrogen, which brings on menopause); HIV, AIDS, tuberculosis, Hodgkin's Lymphoma and other fever-producing / immuno-suppressing disorders diseases; Diabetes; Hyperthyroidism; Obstructive Sleep Apnea...”


...relationship to Estrogens Low
“...The researchers suspect that low estrogen levels could increase risk for the disease, but further studies are needed.”

Osteoporosis - Osteopenia

...the condition
“...Estrogen protects bone against the resorbing actions of the parathyroid hormone...”
...our question about Your muscle/body fat composition
“...Two reasons for this are (1) fat fuels estrogen production, and having too little estrogen can make bones porous and brittle; (2) bones need to carry weight to remain strong...”
...recommendation Natural Progesterone
Estrogen and progesterone are known to provide benefit...”
...recommendation Estrogen Replacement
“...During this period of time, estrogen replacement is somewhat effective in preventing bone breakdown, but progesterone is needed for creating new bone...”
...recommendation Bone Density Scan
“...In premenopausal women, estrogen produced in the body maintains bone density...”

Ovarian Cysts

...recommendation Wild Yam
“...This allows diosgenin to act on estrogen receptor sites in the hypothalamus, which in turn can help regulate production of estrogen and promote estrogen balance...”


...related topic
“...The ovary is responsible for most of the estrogen production in women...”

Panic Attacks

...the condition
“...There have been research studies in the past that showed association of panic attacks with decreased levels of estrogen in women.  In one article, the authors concluded that womens' brains have been shown to be an estrogen target organ...”
...recommendation Test Estrogen Level
“There has been research showing an association of panic attacks with decreased levels of estrogen in women.”

Perimenopausal Issues

...the condition
“...For women at midlife, the interplay between two primary female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, often becomes important...”


...related topic
“A plant substance with activity similar to human estrogen, but with important differences...”


...our question about Your muscle/body fat composition
“...A slim woman's relative lack of estrogen may lead to a weakened immune system.”

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

...the condition
“...They also produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone...”

Poor Bone Health

...the condition
“...Modifiable factors that increase risk for bone loss ... Low levels of estrogen in women or low levels of testosterone in men...”

Poor/Slow Wound Healing

...recommendation Topical Estrogen
“...In a study involving 36 patients over the age of 70, half male and half female, topical estrogen was found to decrease delays in wound healing in both the male and female patients...”

Postmenopausal Issues

...the condition
“...Nearly twice as many women die from heart disease as die from breast cancer; it is speculated that estrogen protects women from heart disease...”
...our question about Hysterectomy
“...When both ovaries are removed, the levels of estrogen in the body drop dramatically and women usually experience symptoms of "surgical menopause" within a few days of surgery.”

Pregnenolone a treatment
“...Pregnenolone is the basic precursor – or starting raw material – for the production of ALL the human steroid hormones, including DHEA, progesterone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisol and aldosterone, and as such is often referred to as "The Mother Hormone" or the next "up and coming" anti-aging hormone...”

Premenstrual Syndrome

...the condition
“...Higher levels of estrogen and progesterone during this time can cause mood swings, anxiety, irritability and physical changes...”
...relationship to Low Melatonin Level
“Melatonin can exhibit strong effects on the reproductive system, and the activity of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone is closely tied with its regulation of the sleep-wake cycle...”
...relationship to Copper Toxicity
Estrogen results in increased copper absorption...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“...Since estrogen is responsible for premenstrual syndrome and breast tenderness, this may be one reason why coffee aggravates these conditions.”
...recommendation Lactobacillus Acidophilus
“Lactobacillus acidophilus has been shown to inhibit the fecal bacterial enzyme, beta-glucuronidase, which is responsible for deconjugating liver conjugated estrogen.”
...recommendation Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
“Vitamin B6 is effective for PMS symptoms because it reduces estrogen while raising progesterone levels...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS A (Anxiety)

...the condition
“...into four types – A, C, D and H – which were originally identified by Dr. Guy Abraham, M.D. 'Type A' or 'PMS-A' ("Anxiety") is the most common symptom category and is related most strongly to an estrogen excess and progesterone deficiency in the luteal phase...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS D (Depression)

...the condition
“ usually associated with low levels of biogenic amines in the synaptic vesicles of the Central Nervous System, most likely due to increased MAO-A levels as a result of decreased peripheral estrogen.  This is in contrast to PMS-A, which has elevated levels...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“Lead blocks the binding of estrogen to receptor sites and but has no effect on progesterone...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Headache)

...the condition
“...Aldosterone excess during the luteal phase of PMS-H patients may arise due to any of the following factors ... Estrogen Excess – estrogen increases hepatic excretion and production of angiotensinogen, the precursor to angiotensin II...”

Problems Caused By Being Overweight

...relationship to Lung Cancer
“...Researchers are unsure why being obese plays a role in lung cancer; some researchers suggest it's related to hormones such as higher levels of estrogen and insulin...”
...relationship to Ovarian Cancer
“Examples of cancers linked to obesity are breast and ovarian cancer – it is thought that the excess estrogen produced by obese patients increases their chance of developing hormone-sensitive versions of these cancers.”
...relationship to Cancer, General
“Apart from excess stimulation by estrogen in breast and ovarian cancer, obese people are more prone to cancer, although it is still uncertain why.”
...relationship to Low Sex Hormone Binding Globulin
“Obesity tends to increase the levels of sex hormone (estrogen, testosterone) activity, and decrease levels of sex hormone binding globulin.”


...related topic
“...Estrogen should be viewed as the primary coat underneath all the cycles during a woman's reproductive years, with progesterone, its antagonist, surging for ten or twelve days in ovulatory months...”

Progesterone Excess

...the condition
“...Many women are aware of the effects of too little or too much estrogen, but have never looked up progesterone side-effects...”

Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance

...the condition
“...A progesterone deficiency ensues and several problems can result from this, one being the month-long presence of unopposed estrogen with all its attendant side-effects...”
...our question about Your basophil count
“Increased estrogen can raise basophil levels.”
...relationship to Copper Toxicity
“Elevated estrogen levels often increase serum copper levels to more than double normal values, while at the same time red blood cell levels, where copper is important, may actually be lower...”
...relationship to Low Adrenal Function / Adrenal Insufficiency
“...Specifically, it produces androgen, estrogen and progesterone...”
...relationship to Breast Cancer
“One study reported that women with the highest levels of estrogen were twice as likely to develop breast cancer as those with the lowest levels...”
...relationship to Endometrial Cancer
“High levels of estrogen without opposing progesterone can increase the risk of endometrial cancer...”
...relationship to Low Melatonin Level
“One of melatonin's roles is the reduction of estrogen production in the body, and probably also reduction of the number of estrogen receptors...”
...recommendation Natural Progesterone
“...When progesterone levels are low, it can seem as though estrogen levels are too high, which may or may not be the case...”
...recommendation Estrogen-balancing Medications
“Before using estrogen balancing medications whether natural or not, laboratory testing should be conducted to confirm elevated levels.”

Prostate Cancer

...recommendation Melatonin
“...This may be due to its ability to reduce the number of cellular estrogen receptors, which reduces the production of cell-multiplication factors...”

Silicon / Silica a treatment
“...polluted air, refined sugar and refined sugar substitutes, overcooking foods, dairy products, refined and processed foods, polyunsaturated fats, radiation exposure, microwaving foods, synthetic estrogen, birth control pills, most all drug medications...”

Soy Isoflavones a treatment
“...They are also a type of phytoestrogen, or plant hormone, that resembles human estrogen in chemical structure yet are weaker...”

Susceptibility To Miscarriages

...recommendation Estrogen Replacement
Estrogen supplementation may be used following uterine surgery for adhesions to stimulate the regrowth of the uterine lining.”

Tendency Toward Postpartum Depression

...the condition
“...Postpartum women usually have high estrogen levels and it has been found that high estrogens increase the conversion of tryptophan to niacin...”
...recommendation Tryptophan / 5HTP
“...Postpartum women usually have high estrogen levels and it has been found that high estrogens increase the conversion of tryptophan to niacin...”

Test Estrogen Level a treatment
“...An estrogen test measures the level of the most important estrogens (estradiol, estriol, and estrone), usually through a blood sample...”

Test Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) a treatment
“...SHBG binds tightly to testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and estradiol (an estrogen) before transporting them in the blood in a metabolically inactive form...”

Testosterone a treatment
“...For women, testosterone in a smaller dose is usually added to the estrogen (Estratest) or in a combination with estrogen and progesterone by a compounding pharmacy...”

Testosterone Levels, Test a treatment
“...Because SHBG is known to be decreased in cases of hypothyroidism, obesity and acromegaly, and increased in hyperthyroidism and estrogen therapy, it is necessary to measure the free biologically-active testosterone in these conditions, when total testosterone can be misleading...”

Thymic Factors a treatment
“...Modern medicine replaces the thyroid gland with thyroid hormone, the adrenal gland with cortisone, the pancreas gland with insulin, and the ovaries with estrogen and progesterone...”

Topical Estrogen a treatment
“...These are prescription drugs, but soy products can act as a surrogate for estrogen.  The most common (though cruelly-produced) animal product is Conjugated Equine Estrogens (Premarin)...”

Transferrin Saturation Test a treatment
“...Several factors can falsely elevate test values, including the use of vitamin C, dietary supplements containing iron, medicinal iron, and estrogen preparations...”

Urinary Stress/Urge Incontinence

...relationship to Estrogens Low
“...These changes become more pronounced following menopause as estrogen deficiency allows atrophy of the genitourinary tissues.”

Vaginal Dryness

...the condition
“...It is most often associated with the normal decline or fluctuation in the female hormone estrogen, which can be triggered by giving birth, breastfeeding or menopause...”
...relationship to Estrogens Low
“The most common cause of vaginal dryness is lack of estrogen.”
...recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Some cases of vaginal dryness will improve with progesterone but small amounts of supplemental estrogen may be required.”

Vaginitis/Vaginal Infection

...the condition
“...Risk Factors for vulvovaginal candidiasis ... High estrogen contraceptives...”
...relationship to Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
“Yeast infections are more common among women with increased levels of estrogen.  This is seen in those who use estrogen-containing birth control pills and among women who are pregnant...”
...relationship to Estrogens Low
“A decrease in estrogen results in several vaginal changes...”

Vitamin B3 Requirement

...the condition
“...Vitamin B3 is necessary for the manufacture of the hormones cortisone, thyroxine, insulin, and the sex hormones estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone...”

Vitex / Chasteberry a treatment
“...Insufficient progesterone during this phase of the menstrual cycle results in estrogen dominance, leading to a shortening of that part of the cycle, commonly referred to as luteal phase defect...”

Vulvodynia / Vestibulitis

...recommendation Estrogen Replacement
“Topical estrogen creams may provide relief...”
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Health problems rarely occur in isolation or for obvious reasons

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