Menopause is the time when symptoms of low estrogen levels usually manifest themselves. Low estrogen levels, however, can be a problem for premenopausal women also and when that is the case, natural estrogen supplementation is often well advised.
Lowered estrogen levels can cause all sorts of unusual symptoms. The body's thermostat fluctuates, causing flushing and circulation changes which sometimes result in tingling of the face.
Hormone levels fluctuate at different stages of pregnancy, making it difficult to isolate any underlying imbalances during this time.
In studies of older women, a lower risk of osteoarthritis was found in women who had used oral estrogens for hormone replacement therapy. The researchers suspect that low estrogen levels could increase risk for the disease, but further studies are needed.
Low estrogen levels raise LDL-C (bad) cholesterol, while lowering HDL (good) cholesterol, both of which contribute to atherosclerosis. Supplemental estrogen reduces this risk, at least partially by increasing the HDL particle size which confers some protection against heart disease.
Low estrogen levels trigger the brain to release MAO, an enzyme in the brain which breaks down and destroys the neurotransmitter, serotonin. Estrogen increases the destruction of this enzyme. The lower your MAO enzyme levels the better you probably feel, since MAO breakdowns serotonin. Low serotonin levels are associated with depression.
Women must first be exposed to elevated estrogen levels before low estrogen levels will trigger headache activity. Constant low levels of estrogen, as in menopause, are less likely to be associated with increased headache pattern.
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