Definition of Calcium:

The body's most abundant mineral.  Its primary function is to help build and maintain bones and teeth.  The body also needs calcium to carry nerve signals, keep the heart functioning, contract muscles, clot blood and maintain healthy skin.  Calcium helps control blood acid-alkaline balance, plays a role in cell division, muscle growth and iron utilization, activates certain enzymes, and helps transport nutrients through cell membranes.  Calcium also forms a cellular cement called ground substance that helps hold cells and tissues together.

Topics Related to Calcium


...the condition
“...This deprives the body of alkaline minerals such as sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium and leaves us prone to chronic and degenerative diseases...”

Addictions / Addictive Tendencies

...the condition
“...Calcium and Magnesium help nourish the central nervous system and help control tremors by calming the body...”
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More topics Related to Calcium

Aerobic Exercise a treatment
“...Specific benefits of aerobic exercise include ... Increased muscle mass; improved bone calcium levels and strength...”

Alfalfa a treatment
“...Because its deep root system reaches where other plants can not, Alfalfa is a rich source of the minerals calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, iron, potassium, and trace minerals...”

Alpha Lipoic Acid a treatment
“...Lipoic acid is also a super-chelator, capable of removing form our bodies excess iron, calcium, copper, toxic molecules such as cadmium, lead and mercury, as well as organic hydrocarbons...”

Aluminum Consumption Avoidance a treatment
“...It is believed that when iron, and calcium, and to a lesser degree magnesium, silicon and zinc levels drop, the uptake of aluminum worsens...”

Alzheimer's Disease

...recommendation Aluminum Consumption Avoidance
“...The sample was divided into 75 drinking water areas, with surveys conducted to determine concentrations of aluminum, calcium, and fluorine in each water supply...”
...recommendation Zinc
“...An increase was found in aluminum, silicon and calcium; a significant decrease was found in zinc and selenium...”


...the condition
“...Nutrients such as calcium and magnesium, B-vitamins, niacinamide, B12 injections (especially if stomach acid production is insufficient), tryptophan with inositol and chromium, valerian root, and GABA can have a...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“...Whereas calcium stimulates muscle contraction, magnesium relaxes them.”

Arjun a treatment
“...The bark of the tree contains calcium salts, magnesium salts, tannins and glucosides and has stimulant, tonic, antibacterial, antimutagenic, and astringent properties...”


...the condition
“ the most common form of arteriosclerosis, a class of diseases in which the walls of a person's artery become thicker and less elastic through deposits along the arteries that often contain calcium.  Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of illness and death in the United States and most other Western countries...”

Atrophic Gastritis

...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“Stomach acid is required to enhance the absorption of minerals such as calcium.  Reduced calcium absorption encourages bone loss.”

Banana a treatment
“...There are 13.8mg of vitamin C, and 9.2mg of Calcium, 44.1mg of Magnesium, and trace amounts of Iron and Zinc...”

Bariatric Surgery Complications

...the condition
“...openings; Constipation; Diarrhea (less common than constipation); Food trapping (after band surgery); Food intolerances; Dehydration; Low blood sugar; Nutritional deficiency, especially iron and calcium; Gallstones; Kidney stones; Nausea; Vomiting; Band problems (erosion, intolerance, leak, migration, slippage); Pouch dilation; Medical News Today reported in 2013 that women who have undergone...”

Beetroot a treatment
“...It is very useful in fighting anemia as it contains potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, iodine, copper, carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamin B1, B2, B6, niacin and vitamin P...”

Bioflavonoids a treatment
“...Quercetin has been shown to have an effect on a variety of biological systems, mostly through its interaction with calmodulin, a calcium regulating protein...”

Birth Control Pill Issues

...the condition
“...Nutrients that can be increased by the use of Oral Contraceptives: Calcium.  Calcium absorption may be increased with exercise and short term OC use, but in one study no benefit was seen with exercise and chronic OC use...”

Bladderwrack a treatment
“...Calcium alginate (the calcium salt of alginic acid) has shown promise as an agent to speed wound healing in animal studies, but has not been demonstrated to be effective in humans...”

Boron a treatment
“...Boron has been shown to be helpful in the calcium and estrogen levels in postmenopausal women...”
...related topic
“A mineral that may play a role in maintaining strong bones, affecting calcium and magnesium metabolism and proper membrane function.”

Broad Beans a treatment
“...Rich in carbohydrates, protein, calcium, phosphorous and several vitamins, they are more digestible while tender...”

Bruxism (Clenching/Grinding Teeth)

...the condition
“...Other treatments include ... Dietary supplements – Taking certain combinations of dietary supplements may alleviate bruxism; pantothenic acid, magnesium, and calcium are mentioned on dietary supplement websites...”
...relationship to Calcium Requirement
“...Of these, 16 took calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C, Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), iodine, and vitamin E...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“Until further research is done, the best strategy may involve taking the following on a daily basis: magnesium, calcium and pantothenic acid...”


...our question about The stressfulness of your lifestyle
“...During stress, calcium is drawn out of the bones although the serum calcium may remain normal.”

Calcium a treatment
Calcium is present in a wide range of foods such as dairy products, dark-green leafy vegetables, sea vegetables, canned salmon, sardines, tofu, dried fruits, nuts (almonds, brazil nuts) and seeds -...”

Calcium Requirement

...the condition
Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body...”
...our question about your age
“Those aged 19 through 50 who are not getting at least 1000mg of calcium per day through low oxalate greens, fortified foods such as orange juice, soy milk or dairy products probably have a calcium requirement.”
...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“When body stores of calcium are low, the body must draw calcium from the bones in order to avoid serious complications.”
...recommendation Calcium
Calcium supplements are best taken between meals, ideally right before bed...”
...recommendation Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption
“Dark green leafy vegetables and broccoli are rich in calcium.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”
...recommendation Vitamin D
“Vitamin D is essential for absorption of calcium from the gut...”

Calcium-2AEP a treatment
“Alternative names: Calcium EAP, Ca-EAP Calcium 2-AEP protects cells against penetration by aggressive substances such as toxins, bacteria and viruses, but permits penetration and transport of nutritive substances...”

Calcium-D-Glucarate a treatment
Calcium D-glucarate is a botanical extract found in grapefruit, apples, oranges, broccoli and brussels sprouts...”

Carbohydrate Craving

...the condition
“...Low-fat or fat-free milk and yogurt are excellent sources of calcium, protein and riboflavin...”

Carcinoid Cancer

...relationship to General Mineral Requirement
“When diarrhea is present, minerals such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron and even salt may be deficient and should be replaced as necessary.”


...relationship to Magnesium Requirement
“...The other 3 patients had a cardiomyopathy with electron microscopic findings consistent with intracellular calcium overload, possibly due to reduced intracellular magnesium...”

CBC (Complete Blood Count) Test a treatment
“...For example, albumin and calcium levels may increase when shifting from lying down to an upright position...”

Change In Clothing Habits a treatment
“...Research suggests that solar exposure triggers the body's synthesis of Vitamin D, vital for (among other things) calcium absorption and a strong immune system...”


...related topic
“...The purpose of chelation is to increase the flow of blood to the vital organs and tissues of the body by reducing calcium deposits in the arteries and blood vessels.”

Chelation Therapy a treatment
“...Chelation (key-lay-shun) is a chemical process by which a metal or mineral (such as lead, mercury, copper, arsenic, aluminum, calcium) is bonded to another substance and subsequently voided from the body...”

Chlorophyll a treatment
“...Chlorophyll is known as a "super food" because of the range and quantity of nutrients (vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and essential fatty acids) that it contains, including ... calcium...”

Cluster Headaches

...the condition
“...Calcium Channel Blockers Calcium channel blockers, typically used in treating cardiovascular conditions, are used to treat cluster headache episodes and chronic cluster headaches...”

Coffee a treatment
“...Consuming coffee in excess often results in nausea, headache, sleep disturbances, digestive disorders, calcium and magnesium depletion, restlessness, nervousness / nervous anxiety (the 'jitters'), hand tremors, muscle tension, and/or rapid or irregular heartbeat...”

Colon Cancer

...recommendation Multiple Vitamin Supplement
“...Breaking down the various nutrients, it is thought that perhaps it was the increased calcium and vitamin D intake from supplements that was responsible for the reduced risk.  Note that dairy products were NOT found to be protective.”
...recommendation Milk/Dairy Products
“A long-term high consumption of milk, but not calcium, vitamin D or fermented milk, was associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer in a study of 9,959 men and women aged 15 years or older without history of cancer at baseline who were...”

Consequences of Poor Diet

...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“Excess salt and sugar, found in junk foods, leach calcium from the bones into the urine.”

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

...recommendation Test Magnesium Levels
“...The authors note during the past few years there has been an increase in calcium consumption in the U.S. but little change in magnesium intake, which may imbalance the calcium:magnesium ratio...”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...the condition
“...Most heart attacks are caused by coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries), in which the insides of the arteries become clogged with plaques consisting of cholesterol, calcium, and other substances...”
...our question about Calcium supplementation
“May 23, 2012: A study of approximately 24,000 people between the ages of 35 and 64 and published in the journal Heart found that participants who took regular calcium supplements were 86% more likely to have a heart attack than those who didn't take supplements.”
...recommendation Calcium
“One study showed a 30% to 35% reduction in ischemic heart disease risk in women with a high intake of supplemental calcium.  Dietary calcium achieved no significant change in heart attack risk, the researchers noted.”
...recommendation Increased Legume Consumption
“...Legumes contain low levels of sodium and high levels of potassium, calcium and magnesium – a combination that is associated with a reduced risk of heart disease...”

Crohn's Disease

...the condition
“...Increased urine oxalate and calcium oxalate renal calculi due to increased colonic absorption of dietary oxalate...”

Dairy Products Avoidance a treatment
“...Calcium The dairy industry owns the psychological exclusive rights to calcium in foods found in supermarkets...”


...the condition
“...Hard nodules of calcium deposits under the skin (calcinosis) are common in juvenile dermatomyositis, but not in the adult form...”

Diabetes Insipidus

...the condition
“...Causes of nephrogenic DI include certain kidney diseases and can be influenced by low blood potassium level, protein starvation, high blood calcium level, sickle cell anemia and medication use (such as lithium, demeclocycline and methoxyflurane)...”


...the condition
“...Short stature, weakness due to multifactorial anemia (iron, folate and occasional vitamin B12 deficiency), bone pain and spontaneous fractures from vitamin D and calcium malabsorption, bruising and bleeding related to vitamin K deficiency, gas and bloating due to carbohydrate malabsorption, and edema from albumin and protein loss are typical complaints of...”

Dong Quai a treatment
“...The coumarin levels in dong quai are potentially blood-thinning, and have also been known to block calcium channels.  These activities make dong quai a mild hypotensive, and may account for its smooth muscle relaxing activity...”

Elevated Cortisol Levels

...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“...Also, to provide the extra calcium needed when faced with intense stress situation, cortisol can directly stimulate bone breakdown cells...”

Estrogen Replacement a treatment
“...One of the long-term problems that occurs with the loss of estrogen at menopause include is the loss of calcium from the bones, causing them to become thin and brittle...”

Excess Phytates in Diet

...the condition
“...They bind with minerals such as iron, calcium, and zinc and interfere with their absorption in the body...”

Excess Protein Consumption

...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“High protein intakes may lead to loss of calcium, leading in turn to the development of osteoporosis.”

Excess Sugar Consumption

...the condition
“...Blackstrap molasses is the only form of sugar that contains substantial amounts of nutrients: 1 tbsp has 14% of the RDA for calcium and 28% for iron...”

Fat/Oil Craving

...relationship to Calcium Requirement
“A calcium deficiency can cause various food cravings, including a craving for fats and oils.”

Female Hair Loss

...relationship to Calcium Requirement
“...Eighteen of those patients showed considerable problems with calcium absorption...”

Fish Oils a treatment
“...Some, but not all, studies suggest that fish oil and GLA taken along with calcium may be helpful in preventing osteoporosis...”

Fluoride Toxicity

...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“See link between Fluorosis and Calcium.”
...recommendation Vitamin D
“See link between Fluorosis and Calcium.”
...recommendation Calcium
“It has been observed that the ingestion of calcium, vitamin C or vitamin D, individually, is effective in protection from fluoride toxicity to a certain extent...”

Food Additive Avoidance a treatment
“...Bread may have sodium-stearoyl-2-lactylate, caramel and calcium propionate...”

Fo-Ti / Heshouwu a treatment
“...Other constituents include lecithins, sitosterol, catechins, cyanidins, calcium (2225ppm), iron, zinc and large amounts of starch...”

Gallbladder Cancer

...the condition
“...Factors that increase one's risk of developing gallbladder cancer include ... 'Porcelain gallbladder' (a gallbladder covered in calcium deposits)...”

Gallbladder Disease

...the condition
“...They are composed of calcium bilirubinate, or calcified bilirubin, the substance formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin in the blood...”


...related topic
“Stone-like objects in either the gallbladder or bile ducts, composed mainly of cholesterol and occasionally mixed with calcium.  Most gallstones do not cause problems until they become larger or they begin obstructing bile ducts, at which point gallbladder "attacks" begin to occur...”

General Mineral Requirement

...the condition
“...Calcium and zinc, for example, are essential for bone growth and immune system support...”
...our question about The stressfulness of your lifestyle
“...During stress, calcium is drawn out of the bones as a result of demineralization.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”


...related topic
“...Nutritional needs for the gonads vary somewhat, but all require plenty of essential fatty acids, vitamins C, E and B-complex, the minerals calcium, magnesium, selenium, iron and zinc.”

Heartburn / GERD / Acid Reflux

...the condition
“...Drugs That Increase the Risk for GERD A number of drugs can cause the LES to relax and function poorly including calcium channel blockers, anti-cholinergics, beta- and alpha-adrenergic agonists, dopamine, sedatives, and common pain relievers...”

Heat Exhaustion

...the condition
“...Sweat not only contains substantial amounts of sodium (1gm per liter), but also modest amounts of potassium and small amounts of minerals such as iron and calcium.  Although it is possible to adapt to exercising in hot environments, one can not adapt to being dehydrated...”

Heel Pain

...the condition
“...Heel spurs develop as an abnormal growth in the heel bone due to calcium deposits that form when the plantar fascia pulls away from the heel...”

Heel Spurs

...related topic
“...If small fibers of this connective tissue begin to tear away from the heel bone, the body responds by depositing calcium in an attempt to "glue" the detached fibers back on to the heel...”

Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)

...the condition
“...Occasionally, acute episodes of an inflammatory arthritis occur; some of these episodes are caused by deposits of calcium.”

High/Increased Fat Diet a treatment
“...Those on an overly restrictive diet typically suffer deficits in several important dietary components, such as calcium and iron...”

Hives (Urticaria)

...recommendation Conventional Drug Use
“...Others include doxepin, dapsone, attenuated androgens, calcium antagonists, antimalarials, gold and methotrexate.”

Honey a treatment
“...Honey is composed of sugars such as glucose and fructose, and minerals such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium chlorine, sulfur, iron and phosphate...”

Horsetail Grass a treatment
“...Rich in calcium.  Heals fractures...”

Hot Drinks a treatment
“...Add fresh lemon for vitamin C or warmed nonfat milk (or fortified soy milk) for calcium.  Stir in a few puréed berries...”

Hydroxycitric Acid a treatment
“...This ingredient has been made popular by the tradename CitriMax®, which is a calcium salt of HCA standardized to 50 or 60% HCA...”


...related topic
“Excess calcium in the blood.”


...the condition
“...The parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH), a substance that helps maintain the correct balance of calcium and phosphorous in the body...”
...recommendation Surgery
“...Some 1-5% develop chronic low calcium levels, which may require treatment with calcium and/or vitamin D...”
...recommendation Homeopathic Remedies
“A homeopathic doctor may use Calcarea carbonica (calcium carbonate) or Calcarea phosphorica (calcium phosphate) to treat problems related to calcium levels.”

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

...the condition
“...In addition, small tears in the artery walls may attract cholesterol, fat and calcium from the blood to form a build-up called a plaque...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“...When magnesium levels are low, more calcium flows into the vascular muscle cells, which contracts them and leads to tighter vessels causing higher blood pressure...”


...recommendation Dairy Products Avoidance
“One doctor reports that taking calcium without magnesium is one of the worst things you can do if you have hyperthyroidism because this increases any magnesium deficiency and increases the heart rate and likelihood of arrhythmia...”


...related topic
“Abnormally low calcium levels in the blood.”

Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)

...the condition
“...This can be caused by any of the following ... Drug-induced, including alcohol toxicity, anesthesia, antianxiety agents, antihypertensives, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, general anesthetics, antiarrhythmics, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, narcotic analgesics, tranquilizers, vasodilators...”


...the condition
“...Taking too much thyroid hormone will, of course, speed up metabolism and can cause rapid or irregular heart rate and loss of calcium from the bone...”

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

...recommendation Calcium
Calcium promotes the contraction of the gut muscles and reduces the amount of water in the intestines, which contributes to better-formed stools...”
...recommendation Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine)
“Vitamins B12, A, D, E and K along with calcium and a lactose-free diet are often recommended by clinicians treating IBS.”


...related topic
“...Involved in calcium mobilization.”

Intestinal Malabsorption Syndrome

...the condition
“...Decreased serum levels of total protein, albumin, y-globulin, iron, folate, vitamin B12, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, and cholesterol result from impaired intestinal absorption...”

IP6 - Inositol Hexaphosphate a treatment
“...It is calcium binding, thus preventing formation of the most common type of kidney stone (calcium oxalate)...”

Iron a treatment
“...An excess of calcium or intestinal parasites such as hookworm is believed to reduce absorption of iron...”

Iron Deficiency Anemia

...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”

Iron Requirement

...our question about Brittle fingernails
“A deficiency of essential nutrients and minerals such as iron, zinc, vitamins and calcium can cause the nails to become weak.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”

Kelp a treatment
“...Rich in iodine, iron, copper, magnesium and calcium, kelp is also an excellent source of many trace minerals...”

Kidney Cancer

...the condition
“...sometimes caused by cancerous tumors in the kidney that trigger the release of erythropoietin [EPO], a hormone that increases red blood cell production in bone marrow); Hypercalcemia (high blood calcium levels) and elevated liver enzymes...”

Kidney Disease

...the condition
“...They do this by increasing secretion of substances such as potassium and calcium when concentrations in the blood are too high, and by increasing reabsorption and decreasing secretion when levels are too low...”

Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis)

...the condition
“...Kidney stones may contain various forms of salts – the most common is calcium in combination with either phosphate or oxalate...”
...our question about Diuretic use
“Excessive intake of diuretics may give rise to excess calcium in the urine.”
...relationship to Hyperparathyroidism
“Increased calcium and phosphorous excretion in the urine may cause kidney stones.”
...relationship to Excess Protein Consumption
“High protein intakes may lead to loss of calcium, leading in turn to the development of kidney stones.”
...recommendation against Calcium
“High levels of urinary calcium, due to an excess of non-absorbable calcium being consumed, can cause crystallization and subsequent stone formation...”
...recommendation Dairy Products Avoidance
“Those with a tendency to form calcium stones may want to avoid foods rich in calcium, such as dairy products.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“...People who consumed caffeine in amounts equal to two cups of coffee showed elevated levels of calcium in their urine, which can increase the risk of developing stones, especially for people prone to stones...”
...recommendation Oxalate Avoidance
“Those prone to getting calcium oxalate stones are advised to avoid the consumption of foods high in oxalates.”
...recommendation Magnesium
“By increasing calcium solubility (especially in the urine) and reducing calcium absorption, magnesium can help prevent kidney stones, especially those composed of calcium oxalate...”
...recommendation Diuretics
“Thiazides lower urinary calcium excretion, which helps prevent calcium-based kidney stone formation.”

Lactose Intolerance

...the condition
“..."Consumption of dairy products, particularly at age 20 years, was associated with an increased risk of hip fractures ... metabolism of dietary protein causes increased urinary excretion of calcium."; Pesticide ingestion...”

Laxative/Enema Overuse

...the condition
“...Regular use of some laxatives (Correctol, Ex-Lax, Feen-a-Mint) may interfere with your body's absorption of vitamin D and calcium; this can weaken the bones.”

Leg Cramps At Night

...the condition
“...Low levels of certain minerals known as electrolytes – magnesium, potassium, calcium and sodium – have long been linked to leg cramps...”

Liver Detoxification Phase II Support a treatment
“...However, even simple nutrients like the B-vitamins, calcium, and trace minerals are critical in the elimination of heavy metals and other toxic compounds from the body...”

Low Melatonin Level

...the condition
“...The following can help boost melatonin levels ... calcium...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“Vitamins B3 and B6, as well as calcium and magnesium support the production of melatonin.”
...recommendation Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
“Vitamins B3 and B6, as well as calcium and magnesium support the production of melatonin.”
...recommendation Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
“Vitamins B3 and B6, as well as calcium and magnesium support the production of melatonin.”
...recommendation Calcium
“Vitamins B3 and B6, as well as calcium and magnesium support the production of melatonin.”
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More topics Related to Calcium

L-Taurine a treatment
“...Taurine has been shown to promote sarcolemma Ca-ATPase activity, as well as Na/Ca cotransport enzyme which helps to remove calcium from the interior of the cell and facilitates the relaxation of the heart muscle during diastole...”

Maca a treatment
“...It provides plenty of calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium, phosphorous and amino acids...”

Magnesium a treatment
“...As with calcium, the bones act as a reservoir for magnesium in times of need...”
...related topic
“...Magnesium is closely related to calcium and phosphorus in body function...”

Magnesium Requirement

...the condition
“...About half of your body's magnesium stores are found inside cells of body tissues and organs, and half are combined with calcium and phosphorus in bone...”
...our question about Your current menstrual status
“Postmenopausal women generally need more calcium and magnesium.”

Magnesium Toxicity

...relationship to Calcium Requirement
Calcium and magnesium levels need to be maintained in balance since they have an antagonistic relationship...”

Male Hair Loss

...relationship to Calcium Requirement
“...Eighteen of those patients showed considerable problems with calcium absorption...”

Manganese a treatment
“...As a dietary mineral it is less well understood than calcium and magnesium, as far as its absorption and transport dynamics...”

Manganese Requirement

...the condition
“...Zinc, iron and calcium supplementation have an antagonistic effect on manganese absorption...”


...the condition
“...Dihydropyridines and calcium channel blockers are sometimes used to treat high blood pressure...”

Meyer's Cocktail a treatment
“...It contains magnesium chloride hexahydrate (5cc given), calcium gluconate (2.5cc), vitamin B2 (1000mcg/cc; 1cc given), vitamin B5 (100mg/cc; 1cc given), vitamin B6 (250mg/cc; 1cc given), the entire vitamin B complex (100mg/cc; 1cc given), and vitamin C...”

Multiple Mineral Supplementation a treatment
“...For example, too much zinc can deplete the body of copper, while excessive calcium intake can affect magnesium absorption...”

Multiple Myeloma

...the condition
“...Increased calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia) overworks the kidneys and can cause a variety of symptoms, including loss of appetite, fatigue, muscle weakness, restlessness, difficulty in thinking or confusion...”

Multiple Sclerosis

...recommendation Calcium-2AEP
Calcium EAP protects the myelin sheath from damage by an autoimmune response...”

Multiple Vitamin Need

...the condition
“...practical and reasonable goal, why settle for less with a marginal nutrient status?  Select populations will benefit from specific supplementation as in the following examples ... A 1989 study found calcium, magnesium, iron and manganese were low in teenage girls...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”

Multiple Vitamin Supplement a treatment
“...If you are trying to increase your calcium or magnesium intake, you will probably have to take extra supplements of these nutrients since most multiples contain low amounts...”

Muscle Cramps / Twitching

...the condition
“...Some people have found relief in treating their twitching with mineral supplements (such as potassium or calcium), hot packs, massage, or drinking a few glasses of tonic water for the quinine...”
...relationship to Dehydration
“Excess sweating or dehydration can deplete minerals in the body – minerals that are important for good muscle function, such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.”
...relationship to Effects of a Low Carbohydrate Diet
“...Along with the toxins created by low-carbohydrate diets, one's kidneys also flush out critical electrolytes such as calcium, magnesium and potassium, which may result in muscle cramps or worse...”

Myeloproliferative Neoplasm

...the condition
“...The following supplements may help: A daily multivitamin containing the antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, the B-complex vitamins, and trace minerals such as magnesium, calcium, zinc, and selenium; Omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil, 1 – 2 capsules or 1 – 3 tablespoonfuls oil, 1 – 3 times daily, to help decrease inflammation and help with immunity; A probiotic...”


...recommendation Calcium-2AEP
“Dr. Hans Nieper, in Germany, developed Calcium EAP.  He considers it a sort of cell membrane sealant which protects cell membranes from toxins and immune system aggression without inhibiting the transport of nutrients into the cell...”

Need For Routine Preventative Health Measures

...the condition
“...Important preventable risk factors can be identified through monitoring various blood components such as albumin, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin/total, blood urea nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus, cholesterol, coronary risk factor, creatinine, GGT/LDH, globulin and glucose...”

Nephrotic Syndrome

...our question about Scalp hair health
“...Bone becomes weak, and the body begins to lose other important nutrients (sugar, potassium, calcium).”

Nutritional Deficiency

...the condition
“...Rickets usually occurs due to vitamin D deficiency but may also be caused by insufficient calcium intake.  It usually affects children and causes softening of the bones, which leads to fractures and deformities such as bowed legs...”
...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“Trace minerals are necessary for the transport and absorption of calcium.”

Olive Leaf Extract a treatment
“...Calcium elenolate, the leaf's most active ingredient, is an extraordinary effective killer of viruses and bacteria...”


...the condition
“...Those affected have increased risk of developing bone death (osteonecrosis), stress fractures, bleeding inside the joint, gout, poor sleep quality, weight gain due to inactivity, chondrocalcinosis (calcium crystals in the joints), anxiety, depression, deterioration of tendons and ligaments, pinched nerves in the spine, disability and reduced productivity.”
...recommendation Boron
“...Boron influences calcium and magnesium metabolism, possibly through the parathyroid gland...”

Osteoporosis - Osteopenia

...the condition
“...Calcium.  The NOS recommends daily intakes of calcium which are higher than the RDA...”
...our question about Current alcohol consumption
“Alcohol interferes with the body's absorption of calcium.”
...relationship to Acidosis
“Acidic diets (high in protein and refined food) will cause bone calcium leaching in order to maintain your blood pH balance...”
...recommendation Salt Intake Reduction
“Sodium (salt) tends to leach calcium out of the bones.”
...recommendation Potassium
“Moderate potassium supplementation improves calcium balance in post-menopausal women...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“You can reverse bone loss and regain bone mass with calcium, magnesium, vitamin D, and vitamin K...”
...recommendation Diuretics
“Some diuretics are useful against osteoporosis: Thiazides lower urinary calcium excretion, resulting in a positive calcium balance and increased bone mineral density and a reduction in fracture rates due to osteoporosis...”
...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“...A 1994 report in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition showed that when volunteers are switched from a typical American diet to a diet eliminating animal proteins, calcium losses were reduced to less than half of baseline values...”
...recommendation Calcium
“As you age, the need for absorbable calcium, in conjunction with other essential minerals and vitamins, can be increased...”
...recommendation Sugar Avoidance / Reduction
“Avoiding factors that encourage bone loss can be as just as important as calcium intake.  Diets high in refined sugar, protein, salt, caffeine, and phosphorous contained in soft drinks, all promote calcium excretion in urine.”
...recommendation Reduced Protein Diet
“...They also found that African Americans, who consume on average more than 1,000mg of calcium per day, are nine times more likely to experience hip fractures than are South African blacks, whose daily calcium intake is only 196mg...”
...recommendation Alcohol Avoidance
“Alcohol is toxic to the cells that form bones and inhibits the absorption of calcium.”
...recommendation Dairy Products Avoidance
“...Harvard University's landmark Nurses' Health Study, which followed 78,000 women over a 12-year period, found that the women who consumed the most calcium from dairy foods broke more bones than those who rarely drank milk...”
...recommendation Vitamin K
“...New research has shown that this little known vitamin is the key to calcium balance in the body.”

Oxalic Acid

...related topic
“A substance that when joined with calcium in the body forms insoluble salts and hinders iron absorption from food...”

Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)

...recommendation Magnesium
“Menstrual cramps, irritability, fatigue, depression, and water retention have been lessened with magnesium, usually given along with calcium and often with vitamin B6...”


...related topic
“...Research indicates that chromium vitamins C, E, B-complex, calcium, magnesium and potassium are especially important.”


...the condition
“...Ultrasound, CT scans and other diagnostic imaging tools can also detect physical problems associated with chronic inflammation, including calcification of the pancreatic tissue (calcium deposits may build up in the gland, causing tissues to harden)...”


...related topic
“...Hormones from the parathyroid glands help control calcium and phosphorous levels in the body...”

Parathyroid Hormone

...related topic
“A hormone released by the parathyroid glands that acts to keep a constant level of calcium in body tissues.”

Peyronie's Disease

...the condition
“...When the disease lasts for years, the plaque often becomes a tough fibrous tissue, and calcium deposits may form...”

Phosphorus a treatment
“...Excessively high levels of phosphorus in the blood, although rare, can combine with calcium and deposit in soft tissues like muscle...”
...related topic
“...Combined with calcium, it gives strength and rigidity to the bones and teeth.”

Phosphorus Deficiency

...the condition
“Next to calcium, phosphorus is the most abundant mineral in the body...”
...our question about Number of bones broken
“Phosphorus is just as important as calcium for building strong bones...”

Plant-Based Nutrition a treatment
“...Following a vegan diet has been made easier in recent years since vegetarian products fortified with calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12 are available in most food stores: vegetarian hot dogs, burgers, fortified soy and rice milks, vegetarian deli slices, and other meat analogs are readily available...”


...the condition
“...drug toxins (such as alcohol, cocaine, steroids and lovastatin), metabolic disorders (where muscle cells are unable to process chemicals normally), hormone disorders (such as abnormal thyroid, calcium, and magnesium conditions), and infectious diseases (such as influenza virus, AIDS, streptococcus and Lyme bacteria, pork tapeworm and schistosomiasis)...”
...recommendation Conventional Drug Use
“...Patients with calcium deposits (calcinosis) from dermatomyositis can sometimes benefit by taking diltiazem (Cardizem) to shrink the size of the calcium deposits...”

Poor Bone Health

...the condition
“...While it occurs to us to think about bone loss as we age, the majority of our youth today are deficient in calcium and bone building nutrients...”
...recommendation Vitamin D
“Getting enough calcium and vitamin D is vital to good bone health.”
...recommendation Salt Intake Reduction
“Because urinary sodium excretion and urinary calcium excretion occur together in the kidneys, increasing the level of dietary sodium triggers urinary calcium losses...”
...recommendation Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption
“...These foods are great sources of bone-building nutrients like calcium and vitamin K...”
...recommendation Calcium
Calcium is essential for healthy bones.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Caffeine leaches calcium from the bones.”
...recommendation Soft Drink Avoidance
“Carbonated drinks leach calcium from the bones.”
...recommendation Alcohol Avoidance
“Alcohol leaches calcium from the bones.”

Potassium a treatment
“...It is used to regulate sodium, calcium, as well as a host of other nutrients...”

Potassium Need

...the condition
“...body water balance; Stimulating insulin production; Maintaining digestive enzyme function and efficiency; Maintaining optimal nerve and muscle function; Relaxing muscle contraction in balance to calcium, which induces contraction...”

Pregnancy-Related Issues

...the condition
“...Calcium & Vitamin D for Bones...”
...recommendation Calcium
“Children of mothers who took calcium during pregnancy were still reaping the benefits seven years later in one Argentinian study...”

Premature Hair Graying

...relationship to Coronary Disease / Heart Attack
“ the annual meeting of the European Association of Preventive Cardiology found that increased hair graying indicates a statistically significant increased risk of damaged arteries, arterial calcium deposits, and narrowing and hardening of the coronary arteries (coronary artery disease).”

Premenstrual Syndrome

...the condition
“...Other vitamins and minerals may also be advised to help alleviate symptoms such as magnesium, B6, B12, folic acid, calcium, vitamin E...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“Menstrual cramps, irritability, fatigue, depression and water retention have been lessened by taking supplemental magnesium, usually given along with calcium and often with vitamin B6...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS A (Anxiety)

...the condition
“...Other supplements that could help relieve symptoms include ... Calcium (1,500mg daily) and Magnesium (1,000mg daily)...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS D (Depression)

...the condition
“...Other potentially useful dietary supplements include ... Calcium (1,500mg daily) and Magnesium (1,000mg daily)...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“...Menstrual cramps, irritability, fatigue, depression and water retention have been lessened with magnesium, usually given along with calcium and often with vitamin B6...”

Probiotics a treatment
“...Aid absorption of minerals, especially calcium, due to increased intestinal acidity...”

Propolis a treatment
“...It also contains minerals and trace elements such as calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, silica, potassium, phosphorous, manganese, cobalt and copper...”

Prostate Cancer

...recommendation Vitamin D
“In patients with advanced hormone refractory prostate cancer with bone metastases, 2000 IU of vitamin D with 500mg of calcium per day for three months was found to reduce bone pain, increase muscle strength, and improve the quality of life...”

Protein Deficiency

...the condition
“...Protein is required for calcium absorption and bone metabolism...”


...recommendation Vitamin D
“...Ingestion of even slightly above the recommended daily amount of Vitamin D can lead to problems with calcium metabolism in the body (possible kidney stones and irregular heart beats)...”

Raw Food/Fruitarian Diet Consequences

...the condition
“...A long-term raw food diet should be supplemented as the intake of vitamins D, B2, B3 (niacin), B12 and the minerals zinc and calcium are typically low...”

Raynaud's Phenomenon

...the condition
“...There are a number of options for treating more severe Raynaud's, such as calcium channel blockers, vasodilators, or infusions of Iloprost...”

Restless Leg Syndrome

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“If not caused by circulatory blockage, simply get more calcium and oxygen to your leg muscles by taking extra essential fatty acids, a specific form of vitamin E called Vitamin E2 (from Standard Process Labs, for example), and Calcium Lactate.”

Rheumatoid Arthritis

...recommendation Boron
“...It does influence calcium and magnesium metabolism, and this is possibly through the parathyroid gland...”

Seizure Disorder

...recommendation High/Increased Fat Diet
“...The diet is deficient in many vitamins and in calcium, so a good (carbohydrate-free) vitamin supplement is important...”

Silicon / Silica a treatment
“...Silicon is known for its ability to combine with Calcium, Potassium, and Phosphorus to build strong bones, nails, and teeth...”

Stevia a treatment
“...Stevia also contains protein, fibers, carbohydrates, phosphorus, iron, calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, rutin (flavonoid), zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A.”


...the condition
“...An excess of cortisol can lead to a progressive loss of protein, muscle weakness, atrophy, and loss of bone mass through increased calcium excretion and lower calcium absorption.”

Susceptibility To Cavities

...the condition
“...Dental caries is a dynamic process since periods of demineralization alternate with periods of remineralization through the action of fluoride, calcium and phosphorous contained in oral fluids...”
...relationship to Phosphorus Deficiency
“Phosphorus is just as important for healthy teeth as calcium.  Without sufficient phosphorus, your body can not properly utilize the calcium that you consume.”
...recommendation Ozone / Oxidative Therapy
“...Human saliva is "supersaturated" with calcium and phosphates, which allow teeth to heal and cavities to close...”

Tapeworm Infection

...the condition
“...Furthermore, if the body kills the parasites, calcium salts are laid down in their place, creating tiny pebbles in the soft tissue...”


...the condition
“...Tendonitis can be associated with a calcium deposit, which can cause inflammation...”

Test Serum Uric Acid Levels a treatment
“...Uric acid crystals can also promote the formation of calcium oxalate stones, acting as "seed crystals" (heterogeneous nucleation...”


...related topic
“A condition of physiologic calcium imbalance marked by tonic spasm of muscles and often associated with deficient parathyroid secretion.”

Tonsil Stones

...the condition
“Alternative names: Tonsillolith, Tonsil Stone Tonsil stones are irregularly-shaped, whitish-yellow, very foul-smelling globs of calcium, collagen, mucus and bacteria that get caught in the back of the throat...”

Urinalysis a treatment
“...Crystals: Common crystals seen even in healthy patients include calcium oxalate, triple phosphate crystals and amorphous phosphates...”

Vegetarian Diet Consequences

...the condition
“...Calcium is easy to find in a vegetarian diet...”


...the condition
“...BPPV is caused by calcium carbonate crystals (octonia) moving out of position into the semicircular canals in the inner ear...”
...recommendation Manipulation
“In cases of BPPV (calcium carbonate crystals moving into the inner ear), Dr. Peter West, consultant audiological physician at the Queen Alexandra Hospital in Portsmouth, England, has stated that using a simple...”

Vinegar a treatment
“...Cider vinegar contains many other nutrients, such as beta-carotene, magnesium, calcium, riboflavin and thiamin; vitamins B6, C and E; and fruit acids and pectin...”

Vinpocetine a treatment
“...Vinpocetine inhibits an enzyme called phosphodiesterase type 1 (PDE1) while reducing intracellular calcium levels, both of which normally cause smooth muscle in blood vessels to contract and narrow the diameter of the vessels...”

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) a treatment
“Vitamin B5 (also calcium pantothenate) is an antioxidant nutrient that helps the body inhibit the formation of damaging free radicals...”

Vitamin B-Complex Requirement

...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”

Vitamin C

...related topic
“...When bound to other nutrients, for example calcium, it would be referred to as "calcium ascorbate"...”

Vitamin C Requirement

...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”

Vitamin D a treatment
“...It promotes calcium absorption for proper heart muscle function...”
...related topic
“...Regulates the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood by improving their absorption and utilization...”

Vitamin D Requirement

...the condition
“...The purpose of 1,25-diOH-D in the body is to keep the concentration of calcium at a constant level in the bloodstream...”
...recommendation Vitamin D
“...Measurements of 25-OH-D, calcium, and parathyroid hormone should be obtained after the treatment period to make sure the therapy did, in fact, result in normal blood values.”

Vitamin E Requirement

...our question about Removal of section of small bowel
“Ileal resection can lead to malabsorption of both divalent cations (such as calcium and magnesium) and fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and vitamin K.”

Vulvodynia / Vestibulitis

...recommendation Oxalate Avoidance
“...Restrict or limit milk or dairy products to reduce the amount of calcium oxalate in the body...”

Weakened Immune System

...the condition
“...For example, women need extra calcium.  We need extra folic acid as well...”

Weight Loss a treatment
“...The reduction in vitamin D and calcium absorption can cause osteoporosis and other bone disease...”

Weight Loss Surgery a treatment
“...The post-surgery diet must focus on supplementing specific nutrients that are lost, for example protein, vitamin B12, iron, and calcium.  As with any major surgery, there are potential risks and adverse outcomes...”

Zeolites a treatment
“...This is manifested by trapping of mercury, uranium, arsenic, and cadmium before lighter minerals are captured (magnesium, calcium, lead).  Zeolites can be considered molecular sieves and filtering agents who are able to trap positively charged atoms, ions, and compounds for removal from the body...”

Zinc a treatment
“...oral contraceptives, penicillamine (causes zinc to be chelated and excreted along with intended heavy metals), prednisone/prednisolone: causes increased urinary excretion of zinc.  Copper, calcium, iron and phytates taken in large doses can interfere with (inhibit) zinc absorption and induce a deficiency, especially in pregnant women...”

Zinc Requirement

...the condition
“...Whilst some of these have a well-known, identifiable function familiar to us, such as calcium for bone strength and iron for healthy red blood cells, zinc has no single clear action but instead performs a number of important functions in the body...”
...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Research has shown that drinking coffee causes a significant loss of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamins B and C, calcium, iron, and zinc.”
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