Myocarditis: Overview

Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle.

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It may appear as a primary disease in adults or as a degenerative disease of old age.

Causes and Development

Myocarditis may be a complication during or after various viral, bacterial, or parasitic infectious diseases, such as polio, influenza, rubella or rheumatic fever.  The most common cause is a viral infection, the most common virus being an enterovirus.

It is often caused by diseases such as syphilis, goiter, endocarditis or hypertension.

Signs and Symptoms

In cases of acute myocarditis, individuals may experience fever as well as the symptoms of chronic myocarditis, i.e. chest pains, palpitations, shortness of breath and fatigue.

Prognosis; Complications

Over many years, a chronic enterovirus heart infection and the body's response to that infection can lead to irreversible heart muscle damage and heart failure.  Some cases of myocarditis may progress to congestive heart failure.

Myocarditis can contribute to dilation (enlargement due to weakness of the heart muscle) or hypertrophy (overgrowth of the muscle tissue).

Signs, symptoms & indicators of Myocarditis:

Symptoms - Cardiovascular

Symptoms - Metabolic

Conditions that suggest Myocarditis:


Symptoms - Cardiovascular

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Myocarditis can lead to:


Recommendations for Myocarditis:


Conventional Drug Avoidance

Hypersensitivity myocarditis has been associated with the use of methyldopa, hydrochlorothiazide, ampicillin, furosemide, digoxin, tetracycline, aminophylline, phenytoin, benzodiazepines and tricyclic antidepressants. [Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, August, 1991;115: pp.764-9]



Dr. Hans Nieper, in Germany, developed Calcium EAP.  He considers it a sort of cell membrane sealant which protects cell membranes from toxins and immune system aggression without inhibiting the transport of nutrients into the cell.  According to Dr. Nieper, electron microscopy – carried out in a German university – confirmed this.  Dr. Nieper used it to treat cases of myocarditis among other conditions.

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Weak or unproven link: may be a sign or symptom of; may suggest
Weak or unproven link:
may be a sign or symptom of; may suggest
Strong or generally accepted link: often leads to
Strong or generally accepted link:
often leads to
Definite or direct link: strongly suggests
Definite or direct link:
strongly suggests
May be useful: may help with
May be useful:
may help with
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