Vitamin E

Definition of Vitamin E:

An essential fat-soluble vitamin.  As an antioxidant, helps protect cell membranes, lipoproteins, fats and vitamin A from destructive oxidation.  It helps protect red blood cells and is important for the proper function of nerves and muscles.  For Vitamin E only, 1mg translates to 1 IU.

Topics Related to Vitamin E

A Low Platelet Count

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Note, however, that vitamin E is known to increase bleeding tendency by reducing platelet aggregation, so higher doses may be contraindicated for some patients.”

Adolescent Acne

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Acne in both men and women can show improvement with vitamin E and selenium treatment.”
...recommendation Selenium
“Acne in both men and women can show improvement with vitamin E and selenium treatment.”
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More topics Related to Vitamin E

Adult Acne

...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E regulates retinol levels in humans...”
...recommendation Selenium
“See the link between Adult Acne and Vitamin E.”

Aerobic Exercise Need

...relationship to Vitamin E Requirement
“One study showed that people with a low physical activity level had a lower reserve of vitamin E than those more highly active...”

Alcohol-related Problems

...relationship to Multiple Vitamin Need
“...Over a 21-day period, the group took approximately 3gm of vitamin C, 3gm of niacin, 600mg of B6, and 600 IU of vitamin E per day.  A comparison group received only inert gelatin capsules...”

Allergic Rhinitis / Hay Fever

...recommendation Vitamin A
“...vitamins can help your symptoms: vitamin A (10,000 to 15,000 IU per day); vitamin B6 (50 to 100mg per day); vitamin B5 (50 to 75mg per day); vitamin C (1,000mg three to four times per day); vitamin E (400 IU per day).”

Alpha Lipoic Acid a treatment
“...This property has made it a perfect electron transporter for both oxidized ascorbic acid (water-soluble) and vitamin E (fat-soluble); it is easily absorbed and transported across cell membranes...”

Alpha Tocopherol

...related topic
“A form of vitamin E.”

Alzheimer's Disease

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Several studies have shown that vitamin E, an anti-oxidant, can slow progression of Alzheimer's.”
...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“Both vitamin E and vitamin C supplements reduced the incidence of Alzheimer's disease in a 1998 study...”

American Skullcap a treatment
“...Both baicalin and baicalein are powerful antioxidants, protecting red blood cells from free radical damage better than vitamin E can.  They both show some promise in preventing the oxidation of blood fats, although baicalein appears to be more active here...”

Aneurysm / Rupture

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Vitamin E concentrations were highest in peripheral occlusive diseased tissue and as much as 3 times greater than in organ donors compared to patients with aortic occlusive disease and aneurysmal...”

Antioxidant Requirement

...the condition
“...Naturally-occurring antioxidant vitamins include carotenoids (which may also be pro-vitamin A), the vitamin E family of compounds (tocopherols and tocotrienols) and vitamin C...”
...relationship to Atherosclerosis
“...A study involving 11,178 elderly people over a 9 year period showed that the use of the antioxidant vitamin E reduced the risk of death from all causes by 34%...”


...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E has multiple actions that makes it a useful supportive agent in asthma treatment.”


...recommendation Selenium
“Considered to be from 200 to 500 times more potent an antioxidant than vitamin E, selenium and vitamin E are synergistic as antioxidants and inhibit or prevent the damage to tissues by free radicals which have been cited as causal factors in heart disease...”

Athletes Foot

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Apply Vitamin E twice daily.”

Atrophic Gastritis

...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“...Recent evidence suggests that beta-carotene and/or vitamin C along with vitamin E may reverse or reduce the risk of atrophic gastritis and/or gastric cancer...”

Bleeding Tendency

...the condition
“...Examples of these include: tocotrienols, fish oils, curcumin, gingko biloba, grapes and grape juice, testosterone, Coumadin, vitamin E over 300IU/day, vitamin B6 over 150-200mg per day, too many essential fatty acids, garlic, taurine and gugulipids...”

Body Odor

...recommendation Lavilin
“...Ingredients: zinc oxide, petroleum jelly, talc, potato starch, calendula oil, arnica oil, vitamin E, ascorbyl palmitate, citric acid, natural fragrance.”

Breast Cancer

...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E succinate is a derivative of fat-soluble vitamin E and has been shown to inhibit tumor cell growth...”

Bruxism (Clenching/Grinding Teeth)

...relationship to Calcium Requirement
“...Of these, 16 took calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C, Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), iodine, and vitamin E.  When surveyed a year later, they reported that bruxism vanished...”

Cancer, General

...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“...Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidant substances, such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and carotenoids, which protect cells against oxidative damage, which is related to cancer risk and other health problems...”

Chlorophyll a treatment
“...Chlorophyll is known as a "super food" because of the range and quantity of nutrients (vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and essential fatty acids) that it contains, including ... vitamin E...”

Chronic Renal Insufficiency

...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E levels, independent of dietary intake, have been found to be lower in patients with chronic renal failure...”

Coffee Enema a treatment
“...If you need lubrication, food grade vegetable oil such as olive oil, a vitamin E capsule, or KY jelly should be fine, unless you are chemically sensitive...”

Concern Over Wrinkled Skin

...recommendation Vitamin E
“The skin's natural defenses against the free radicals produced by UV light are vitamin C and vitamin E.  These two antioxidants intercept free radicals before they can damage your skin...”
...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“...The skin's natural defenses against the free radicals produced by UV light are vitamin C and vitamin E.  These two antioxidants intercept free radicals before they can damage your skin...”

CoQ10 (Ubiquinone) a treatment
“...CoQ10 is a vitamin-like substance that resembles Vitamin E, but which may be an even more powerful antioxidant...”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidant substances, such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and carotenoids, which protect cells against oxidative damage, which is related to cancer risk and other health problems...”
...recommendation Selenium
“Selenium is considered to be from 200 to 500 times more potent an antioxidant than Vitamin E.  Selenium and Vitamin E are synergistic as antioxidants and inhibit or prevent the damage to tissues by free radicals which have been cited as causal factors in heart disease.”
...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E may protect the endothelial cells of the arteries from becoming oxidized...”
...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“...One year of supplementation with vitamin C (500mg bid) and vitamin E (400 IU bid) retarded the early progression of transplant-associated coronary arteriosclerosis in a study of 40 patients up to 2 years after cardiac transplantation...”

Cystic Fibrosis

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Cystic fibrosis is associated with defective absorption of vitamin E because of a lack of lipase and poor formation of chylomicrons (small fat clusters).”

Diabetes Type II

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Ishwarlal Jialal and Sridevi Devaraj found that increased inflammation caused by white blood cells – monocytes – was reduced when diabetics were given 1,200 IU per day of natural vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) for three months...”

Down's Syndrome

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Antioxidants such as vitamin E provide protection in such situations.”


...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“...Add vitamin E at the same time any EFAs are used.”

Esophageal Cancer

...the condition
“...A supplementation plan should include nutrients that help support your immune system and reduce toxic side-effects, including ... Vitamin E...”

Essential Fatty Acids a treatment
“...LA optimums are around 3-6% of calories (1 tablespoon per day), requiring about 30 IU of vitamin E to help prevent rancidity...”

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

...the condition
“...Nutritional supplements that may be helpful: Several studies report that 200-600 IU of vitamin E per day, taken for several months, reduces symptoms...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
“Several studies report that 200-600 IU of vitamin E per day, taken for several months, reduces symptoms...”

Fish Oils a treatment
“...Some manufacturers add vitamin E to fish oil capsules to keep the oil from becoming rancid...”


...recommendation Vitamin E
“The evidence in favor of vitamin E for kidney diseases in general is not strong, but there are some studies which suggest that the antioxidant effect of vitamin E may be beneficial in cases of chronic kidney disease...”

Grape Seed Extract a treatment
“With high levels of oligomeric proanthocyanidin, which is 50 times more potent than vitamin E and 20 times more potent than vitamin C, grape seed extract is an antioxidant and free-radical scavenger par excellence...”

Green Tea a treatment
“...Antioxidants in Green Tea are really twenty times stronger than Vitamin E as confirmed in laboratory tests...”


...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“Vitamin C (1,000 to 1,500mg per day), beta-carotene (100,000 IU per day), vitamin E (400 to 800 IU per day), and zinc (30 to 50mg per day) strengthen your immune system.”
...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E levels have been shown to be low in people with hepatitis, as well as in those who go on to develop liver cancer from long-standing hepatitis...”

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E is a unique antioxidant containing a lubricating oil which is thought to prevent constipation...”

Immune System Imbalance (TH2 Dominance)

...the condition
“...and some other sea vegetables may have similar benefits), thyroid hormones, garlic (raw or aged extract), l-Glutathione (or products that raise levels), DHEA or AED (androstendiol), UV-A light, vitamin E, transfer factor (antigen specific) – protein immunomodulators extracted from colostrum, colostrum, low dose naltrexone, IP6, lentinian and certain other mushrooms, Thymus extracts, licorice...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E increases TH1 cytokines, which help balance a TH2 dominant immune system.”

Inositol a treatment
“...Vitamin E, vitamin C as well as folic acid and linoleic acid are thought to increase the functioning of inositol...”

Intermittent Claudication

...recommendation Vitamin E
“400 to 2,000 IU per day of vitamin E for many months has lead to improvements.”

LDL/HDL Ratio, High

...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E causes an increase in HDL levels.”
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More topics Related to Vitamin E

Leg Cramps At Night

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Nocturnal leg cramping often responds to 400-800 IU of vitamin E per day.  In one of the largest studies, 103 of 125 people who had been experiencing leg and foot cramps at night reported relief after taking vitamin E...”

Lipoic acid

...related topic
“...Has been used therapeutically in the treatment of AIDS and diabetes because of the synergy between alpha-lipoic acid and vitamin E and the interlocking cycles which lead to better optimization of antioxidant nutrients...”

Liver Detoxification Phase II Support a treatment
“...Nutritional factors – including antioxidant vitamins such as vitamin C, beta-carotene, and vitamin E – are obviously important in protecting the liver from damage as well as helping in the detoxification mechanisms...”

Lung Cancer

...recommendation Vitamin E
“High levels of alpha-tocopherol (a form of vitamin E) in the blood appear to reduce the risk of developing lung cancer in smokers by about 20%...”

Lycopene a treatment
“...Lycopene is more effective at quenching free radicals, than vitamin E in one study on oxidized fat...”

Maca a treatment
“...Maca is rich in vitamin B vitamins, vitamin C, and vitamin E.  It provides plenty of calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium, phosphorous and amino acids...”

Macular Degeneration

...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“...People with high levels of vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium appear to have a 70% lower risk of developing macular degeneration...”


...related topic
“Improper utilization of needed and available nutrients, either from impaired digestive function (such as B12 being unabsorbed because of gastritis), impaired absorption (poor Vitamin E absorption because of an inflamed ileum) or impaired transport (the diminished blood proteins of the advanced alcoholic)...”

Manganese a treatment
“...Manganese helps the body absorb vitamin B1 (thiamin) and vitamin E, and works with all B-complex vitamins to combat depression, anxiety, and other nervous disorders...”
...related topic
“...It is involved in the metabolism of fats and glucose, the production of cholesterol and it allows the body to use thiamine and Vitamin E.  It is also involved in the building and degrading of proteins and nucleic acid, biogenic amine metabolism, which involves the transmitting of nerve impulses.”

Menopausal Issues

...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E, at a dose of 800 IU per day, is modestly effective in reducing hot flashes, on average cutting the number by one per day...”

Multiple Vitamin Supplement a treatment
“...Multiple vitamins or supplements should contain the antioxidants vitamin C (250-1,000mg), vitamin E (100-400 IU), and beta-carotene (10-30mg)...”

Muscle Pains (Myalgia)

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Three months of supplementation with vitamin E at 1000 IU per day prevented muscle soreness after a 45-minute downhill run in young men (mean age 24 years), but not older men (mean age 71 years), in a placebo-controlled study of 32 men...”

Natural Progesterone a treatment
“...A reputable researcher, Ray Peat, Ph.D. claims that progesterone dissolved in Vitamin E is far better absorbed than other types/forms...”

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Observational Study: Serum vitamin E concentrations were significantly lower in leukemia and lymphoma patients than in normal controls.”

Nut and Seed Consumption a treatment
“Nuts, in general, are the richest source of natural vitamin E and also have many fatty acids that are of benefit in a wide variety of conditions...”

Olive Oil a treatment
“...Olive oil also contains saturated fatty acids (8-14%), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs at 4-20%), and other important minor constituents, particularly antioxidants, such as vitamin E and polyphenols...”

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

...recommendation Vitamin E
“400 I.U. bid of vitamin E along with selenium at 200mcg per day has proven beneficial against Osgood-Schlatter disease...”


...recommendation Vitamin E
“A clinical trial using 600 IU of vitamin E in patients with osteoarthritis demonstrated significant benefit...”

Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)

...recommendation Vitamin E
“Supplementation with vitamin E (500 IU per day) from 2 days before menstrual onset through the third day of bleeding, for two consecutive menstrual cycles, reduced pain in a placebo-controlled trial of 100 young women...”

Parasite Infection

...recommendation Wormwood
“...The most active ingredient, artemisinin, is a potent prooxidant whose activity is enhanced by polyunsaturated fats such as cod liver oil and antagonized by vitamin E.  Artemisinin is used intravenously in Southeast Asia for the treatment of cerebral malaria; it has no known side-effects except for induction of abortion when used at high doses in pregnant...”

Parkinson's Disease

...recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
“...Parkinson's disease patients given large doses of oral vitamin C and synthetic vitamin E supplements (3000mg and 3200 IU daily respectively) delayed the progression of their disease to the point where they needed L-dopa 2.5 years later than a group of patients who were not...”

Phlebitis / Thrombophlebitis

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Every case Dr. Shute, MD treated with vitamin E resulted in a positive response, with some cases being fully cured...”

Platelet Aggregation (Clotting)

...the condition
“...Substances that reduce platelet aggregation include tocotrienols, shark liver oil, curcumin, gingko biloba, grape seed extract, grapes and grape juice, testosterone, Coumadin, fish oils, vitamin E at 300 IU or above, B6 at 150-200mg, EFAs, garlic, taurine and gugulipids...”

Poor/Slow Wound Healing

...recommendation Gotu Kola
“Known for its remarkable wound healing properties, centella has been found to induce levels of antioxidants in wounds and newly-formed tissue, including superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, vitamin E, and vitamin C...”

Premature/Signs of Aging

...recommendation Selenium
“Considered to be from 200 to 500 times more potent an antioxidant than vitamin E, selenium and vitamin E are synergistic as antioxidants and inhibit or prevent the damage to tissues by free radicals which have been cited as causal factors in heart disease...”

Premenstrual Syndrome

...the condition
“...Other vitamins and minerals may also be advised to help alleviate symptoms such as magnesium, B6, B12, folic acid, calcium, vitamin E.  Although there is no cure, understanding Premenstrual Syndrome and knowing how to deal with the symptoms can help an individual to plan a coping strategy...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
“Although vitamin E research concerning PMS has focused primarily on mastalgia, significant reduction of other PMS symptomatology has been demonstrated in double-blind studies...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS A (Anxiety)

...the condition
“...Other supplements that could help relieve symptoms include ... Vitamin E supplements...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Headache)

...the condition
“...Supplements that may alleviate symptoms include: Dandelion; Parsley; Vitamin E; Chaste tree; Potassium; Vitamin B-complex (taken daily); Vitamin B6 (taken during the last 14 days of each cycle); See also: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) PMS-A (Anxiety) PMS-C (Craving)...”

Restless Leg Syndrome

...recommendation Vitamin E
“400 to 800 IU per day of vitamin E has helped in cases of RLS...”
...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“If not caused by circulatory blockage, simply get more calcium and oxygen to your leg muscles by taking extra essential fatty acids, a specific form of vitamin E called Vitamin E2 (from Standard Process Labs, for example), and Calcium Lactate.”

Rheumatic Heart Disease

...recommendation against Vitamin E
“Do not start with high doses of vitamin E in chronic rheumatic heart disease.”

Selenium a treatment
“Selenium is an essential mineral which works closely with vitamin E.  Selenium is absorbed fairly easily in the upper portion of the GI tract...”
...related topic
“...In combination with Vitamin E, selenium aids the production of antibodies and helps maintain a healthy heart...”

Silymarin / Milk Thistle a treatment
“...Milk Thistle Extract is many times more potent in antioxidant activity than vitamin E.  The plant contains B-sitosterol and is the main ingredient in Take Control and Benecol...”

Susceptibility To Miscarriages

...recommendation Vitamin A
“Vitamin A, vitamin E, and beta-carotene levels tend to be lower in women who have miscarried; these nutrients are generally found in prenatal vitamins.”

Syndrome X / Metabolic Syndrome

...the condition
“...Vitamin C and vitamin E can also be helpful, as can the minerals chromium, magnesium, and zinc...”
...recommendation Selenium
“Selenium is a mineral that works alongside vitamin E as part of the antioxidant protection against free radical damage caused by high insulin levels...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an important antioxidant that protects against free radical damage caused by high glucose and insulin levels in the blood...”

Tardive Dyskinesia

...recommendation Melatonin
“...Other natural substances that have been reported to improve tardive dyskinesia include vitamin E, manganese and vitamin B6...”

Tendency To Sunburn Easily

...recommendation Vitamin E
“...If you happen to burn, apply vitamin E oil directly to your skin...”


...recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Progesterone (especially when mixed with vitamin E) has been used topically for the relief of tendonitis pain.”


...related topic
“Any of several fat-soluble, oily, phenolic compounds with antioxidant vitamin E activity.  Any of four different forms (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, delta-) of vitamin E...”


...related topic
“Form of vitamin E that differs from tocopherols by possessing three double bonds in its side chain rather than being saturated...”


...recommendation Vitamin E
“...Vitamin E's function in maintaining membrane integrity might be attributed to its prevention of the membrane damage...”

Vitamin A a treatment
“...The study neglects to point out, however, that a vitamin A deficiency also puts an unborn child at risk and that vitamin E may prevent vitamin A from oxidizing and becoming toxic...”

Vitamin A Toxicity

...the condition
“...Thyroxine, zinc and vitamin E enhance the conversion of carotene to vitamin A...”

Vitamin E a treatment
“...Vitamin E works alongside other antioxidant nutrients including selenium, vitamin C, beta-carotene and others to quench free radicals, peroxides and other potentially harmful substances...”

Vitamin E Requirement

...the condition
Vitamin E deficiency is a very rare problem that results in damage to nerves...”
...our question about Omega-3 oil intake
“As the amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids increases in the diet, Vitamin E requirements increase proportionally.”
...recommendation Vitamin E
Vitamin E deficiency that occurs with cholestatic liver disease or other malabsorption syndromes can be treated with weekly injections of 100mg alpha-tocopherol that may continue for six months...”

Weakened Immune System

...the condition
“...Antioxidant vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene...”
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