Definition of Stroke:

A sudden loss of brain function caused by a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel that supplies the brain, characterized by loss of muscular control, complete or partial loss of sensation or consciousness, dizziness, slurred speech, or other symptoms that vary with the extent and severity of the damage to the brain.  The most common manifestation is some degree of paralysis, but small strokes may occur without symptoms.  Usually caused by arteriosclerosis, it often results in brain damage.

Also: Stroke-Type Event

Topics Related to Stroke

Aerobic Exercise a treatment
“...Specific benefits of aerobic exercise include ... Increased stroke volume of heart; decreased blood pressure; decreased load on the heart; decreased resting pulse rate...”

Aerobic Exercise Need

...the condition
“...Signs and symptoms of not getting enough exercise include ... increased risk of heart disease and stroke...”
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More topics Related to Stroke

Alfalfa a treatment
“...Cardiovascular Conditions: Heart disease, helps stop the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, stroke.  Alfalfa has shown some estrogenic activity and may be useful in treating problems with menstruation and menopause...”

Alzheimer's Disease

...the condition
“...Aside from ruling out problems such as stroke, tumor, hemorrhage or hydrocephalus, they also show any signs of brain shrinkage typical of Alzheimer's Disease and other forms of dementia...”

Aneurysm / Rupture

...relationship to Stroke
“Sometimes cerebral aneurysms are the cause of stroke, although most strokes are caused by clotting rather than by a rupturing aneurysm.”
...relationship to Potassium Need
“...It is possible that this association may also extend to aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage in addition to stroke...”

Antioxidant Requirement

...the condition
“...cancer, but the use of high doses of vitamin E is also associated with increased risk of mortality from some cancers, possibly fatal as opposed to non-fatal myocardial infarction, and hemorrhagic stroke.  Beta carotene supplements, whether on account of the isomers used or because they have been used in isolation, have increased the incidence of tumors; they should no longer be used...”

Antioxidants a treatment
“...Together as antioxidants, these substances are thought to be effective in helping to prevent cancer, heart disease, and stroke.  Conflicting reports on the health benefits of antioxidants and beta-carotene exist...”


...related topic
“Sudden neurologic impairment due to a cerebrovascular disorder, e.g., cerebral stroke.”


...the condition
“...This type of arrhythmia requires treatment and can increase your risk of stroke.  Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (PAT)...”

Aspirin a treatment
“...Aspirin is used to prevent blood clots within the blood vessel wall, be it in the heart vessels which can cause a heart attack, or in the neck and head vessels which can cause a stroke.  The basis for the use of low dose aspirin lies in its unique inhibitory effect on a single key enzyme, COX-1 (cyclooxygenase-1)...”

Astragalus Root a treatment
“...Saponins have an anticoagulant effect that can prevent the development of blood clots that may lead to heart attacks and stroke.  Capsules that contain standardized extracts of powdered astragalus root should be taken in doses of 100 to 150mg per day...”


...the condition
“...When atherosclerosis develops in the carotid arteries, atherosclerosis can lead to stroke.  In the coronary arteries, it can result in heart attack...”
...related topic
“A common form of arteriosclerosis; a narrowing of the arteries which reduces the blood and oxygen flow to the heart and brain as well as to other parts of the body and can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or loss of function or gangrene of other tissues...”

Banana a treatment
“...The FDA has even allowed the banana industry to make official claims for the fruit's ability to reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.  Mental Acuity: Research has shown that bananas can assist learning by making pupils more alert...”

Bell's Palsy

...relationship to Stroke
“A facial paralysis that has resulted from a stroke is sometimes misdiagnosed as Bell's palsy.”

Birth Control Pill Issues

...the condition
“...Birth control pills tend to cause folic acid depletion and increase the risk of cervical dysplasia and vascular thrombosis, stroke, and possibly megaloblastic anemia...”

Bleeding Tendency

...our question about Aspirin use
“...The recommendation is that, aside from those who have already suffered heart attacks or stroke, regular aspirin users should cease doing so gradually and under a doctor's supervision in order to prevent heart attacks...”

Blood Pressure Check a treatment
“...If you have a family history of high blood pressure, heart or kidney disease, diabetes or stroke, you should be tested annually.”

Borage Oil a treatment
“...Most often, borage oil is consumed for its GLA content, which has been shown to be useful against such things as atopic eczema, premenstrual syndrome, diabetes, inflammation, heart disease and stroke.”

Brain Tumor

...the condition
“...Brain tumors may have a variety of symptoms ranging from headache to stroke.  They are great mimics of other neurologic disorders...”

Carbohydrate Intolerance

...the condition
“...Stroke: According to Stroke Magazine, hyperglycemia is considered a significant risk factor for stroke...”

Carotid Artery Disease

...the condition
“...Most people with carotid artery stenosis have no symptoms, but if symptoms such as partial paralysis, blindness, or feelings of numbness are present, there is great risk of a major stroke.  Carotid artery stenosis can also cause transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), also called "mini strokes...”

Centrophenoxine a treatment
“...The anti-aging benefits of Centrophenoxine include protection against free radical damage, increased mental energy, improved memory, and prevention and treatment of stroke and brain injury...”

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)

...the condition
“...Patients may experience fever, excessive sweating, night sweats, weight loss, reduced appetite, an inability to tolerate warm temperatures, bone or joint pain, heart attack or stroke, gastrointestinal bleeding, infection...”

Cigarette Smoke Damage

...relationship to Coronary Disease / Heart Attack
“...Risk of dying from a heart attack or stroke depends the number of cigarettes smoked, the number of years smoked, the age of smoking onset and depth of inhalation...”
...relationship to Aneurysm / Rupture
“...[Stroke 24: pp.639-46, 1993] Studies have consistently found a 50% decrease in mortality from abdominal aortic aneurysms among former smokers compared with current smokers...”

Coconut a treatment
“...oils found in cookies, candies, baked goods, boxed to bake items, canned foods and most restaurant foods contribute to degenerative diseases including heart disease, diabetes, obesity, hypertension, stroke, depression, hypoglycemia, thyroid disorders and cancer...”

Coffee a treatment
“...Short-term alertness, focus, attention, and memory; Long-term cognitive decline; Stroke; Prostate cancer; Depression; Asthma: Caffeine is a chemical cousin to the asthma drug theophylline, and can help calm an asthma attack and stop coughing spasms...”

Coleus a treatment
“...Stimulation of the second messenger system by forskolin leads to blood vessel dilation [Stroke 1986;17: pp.1299-303], inhibition of allergic reactions and an increase in thyroid hormone secretion...”

Consequences of Poor Diet

...the condition
“...Four of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States are diet-related conditions – diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer...”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...the condition
“...Serious complications arising from a heart attack can include ... stroke...”
...our question about Your muscle/body fat composition
“...Thin people experience less heart disease and stroke risk.”
...recommendation Increased Sleep
“Getting less than six hours' sleep each night doubles the chance of dying from a heart attack or stroke for those at risk.”
...recommendation Folic Acid
“...A study found that people with a dietary intake of at least 300mcg per day of folic acid reduced their risk of stroke and heart disease by 20% and 13% respectively, compared with those who consumed less than 136mcg of folic acid per day...”
...recommendation Aspirin
“...Therefore, the most effective time to take aspirin for the prevention of heart attack, stroke and deep vein thrombosis is before sleeping...”
...recommendation Increased Water Consumption
“A Seventh Day Adventist study found that those who drank 5 glasses of water per day have on average half the cardiac mortality and half the fatal stroke rate of the general population.”

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

...the condition
“...Computerized tomography of the brain can help rule out the possibility that the symptoms result from other problems such as stroke or a brain tumor...”

Crude Coal Tar a treatment
“...Tips for using coal tar products ... If treating the scalp, apply with a downward stroke in the same direction as hair growth...”

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

...recommendation Aspirin
“Aspirin has long been known to reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and deep vein thrombosis by thinning the blood and helping to prevent dangerous clots from forming.”

Diabetes Type II

...relationship to Coronary Disease / Heart Attack
“...At least 65% of people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.”
...relationship to Stroke
“...At least 65% of people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.”


...the condition
“...Several diseases of the balance organs of the inner ear can cause vertigo, or it may be a symptom of a tumor or stroke.  Dizziness is usually only mildly annoying, but may be caused by something serious...”

EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement

...relationship to Stroke
“Consuming cold water fish (and probably omega-3 fatty acids) reduced the incidence of stroke in women by 28 percent...”

Effects of a High Fat Diet

...the condition
“...Such a diet can also be "thrombogenic," i.e. the fat will tend to form lipid particles in your blood after meals, which could lead to blood clots, meaning heart attack or stroke.  All animal fats, such as those in meat, poultry, and dairy products are saturated fats...”

Elevated Homocysteine Levels

...the condition
“...Studies have shown that stroke risk starts to rise rapidly as homocysteine levels exceed 7µmol/L, with the risk of stroke being 70-80% higher in individuals with levels exceeding 11µmol/L...”
...relationship to Stroke
Stroke risk appears to rise as soon as homocysteine levels reach 7µmol/L, accelerating rapidly as levels rise beyond that.”
...relationship to Coronary Disease / Heart Attack
“Elevated homocysteine levels are believed to exacerbate oxidative injury to blood vessels and increase pro-clotting mechanisms linked to stroke and heart attack.”


...the condition
“...If the infection spreads to the brain, it can cause headaches, confusion, or even stroke.  Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) has an insidious onset and may have some or all of all of the following symptoms...”

Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)

...relationship to High Total Cholesterol
“...In the brain it can cause a stroke.  And clogs in the penile artery can cause ED.”
...recommendation Physical Supports and Devices
“...This type of device will not work if there is restricted blood flow to your penis or if you suffer from serious health problems, such as diabetes, stroke or penile nerve damage.”

Essential Fatty Acids a treatment
“...The latest findings appear to implicate all seed oils in the promotion of cancer, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, allergies, adrenal failure and stroke.  The list of implicated oils includes canola, soy, corn, safflower, sunflower and all hydrogenated and partially-hydrogenated fats and oils...”

Excess Animal Fat Consumption

...the condition
“...High levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood increase risk of heart disease and stroke.  The liver already produces all the cholesterol it needs (roughly 1gm per day) to meet our needs...”

Fish Oils a treatment
“...A large observational study found evidence that higher consumption of fish and other sources of omega-3 essential fatty acids may reduce the risk of stroke.  Interesting, but highly preliminary, evidence suggests that fish oil, or its constituents, might be helpful for treating depression, preventing premature birth, improving vision in premature...”

General Weakness

...the condition
“...Sudden muscle weakness and loss of function in one area of the body can indicate a serious problem within the brain (such as a stroke or transient ischemic attack) or spinal cord or with a specific nerve in the body.”

Germanium a treatment
“...Dr. Asai reported that germanium sesquioxide benefited patients with a wide variety of conditions, including cancer, heart disease, diabetes, asthma, stroke, and stomach ulcers...”

Ginkgo Biloba a treatment
“...clarity and concentration, increase alertness and short-term memory and has been used preventatively in regenerative compounds for loss of memory and senility, in cardiac protection formulas against stroke and atherosclerosis and for hearing disorders and vertigo (dizziness) where blood flow is poor in the ears...”

Goldenseal a treatment
“...Do not use goldenseal without consulting a physician if you have had heart disease, diabetes, glaucoma, a stroke, or high blood pressure.”

Green Tea a treatment
“...Studies have shown that several cups of Green Tea a day can substantially reduce an individual's risk for heart disease and stroke.  Reducing total cholesterol and LDL, it also increases the levels of positive cholesterol (HDL)...”

Heat Exhaustion

...the condition
“Heat exhaustion, and the more serious heat stroke (hyperpyrexia), is caused by a breakdown of the heat regulation system, for example from constant heat stress (day and night), insufficient physical fitness, being overweight, alcohol stress...”
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More topics Related to Stroke

Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)

...relationship to Stroke
“According to a study published in Neurology, high iron levels in stroke patients may prompt more severe neurological symptoms and possibly increase brain damage...”

High/Increased Fiber Diet a treatment
“Diet is a major factor in 5 of the 10 leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis...”

Hot Applications (Thermotherapy) a treatment
“...Recent studies indicate that a combination of thermotherapy and cryotherapy may help stroke patients recover arm function and may ease symptoms in people with heart failure...”

Hot Drinks a treatment
“...Despite the rise in blood pressure and heart rate, a study by Harvard researchers found no significant increase in the risk of heart disease or stroke among men who drank up to four cups of coffee per day...”

Hyperbaric Oxygen a treatment
“...A few supporters also claim that HBOT helps patients with AIDS, arthritis, sports injuries, multiple sclerosis, autism, stroke, cerebral palsy, senility, cirrhosis, Lyme disease, and gastrointestinal ulcers...”


...related topic
“...Hypertension increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure because it adds to the workload of the heart, causing it to enlarge and, over time, to weaken; in addition, it may damage the walls of the arteries.”

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

...the condition
“ a very common condition in which the force of blood on the walls of the arteries is too high, resulting in a dramatically increased risk of developing serious conditions such as heart attack, stroke, or kidney damage...”
...relationship to Stroke
“High blood pressure is the main risk factor for having a stroke and those with hypertension are 8 times more likely to suffer from stroke than those with normal blood pressure...”

Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium Level)

...the condition
“...Consuming too much salt raises blood pressure and therefore the risk of heart disease and stroke.  Major health organizations recommend consuming no more than 1,500 to 2,300mg of salt per day – in other words, we should try to keep intake below 1,500mg per day and certainly not go above...”


...the condition
“...Causes of hypopituitarism are tumors or lesions of various origins, congenital defects, trauma, radiation, surgery, encephalitis, hemochromatosis, and stroke.  In children, the condition results in slowed growth and development and is known as dwarfism...”

Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)

...recommendation Increased Salt Consumption
“...bad press in the last couple of decades because a high salt diet in some individuals with high or high-normal blood pressure can contribute to further elevations, and thereby to heart disease and stroke.  This has led to general health recommendations to cut down on salt...”

Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption a treatment
“...overcook our vegetables and throw out the water which now has most of what's left of the nutrients!  Based on growing scientific evidence, the incidence of coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and stroke can be reduced through increased fruit and vegetable consumption, as can that of the major cancers of the Western world such as cancer of the stomach, lung, mouth, esophagus, colon and rectum...”

Indian Long Pepper a treatment
“...headache; migraine; toothache; indigestion; stomach ache; diarrhea; bronchitis; cough; asthma: prevention recurrent attacks of bronchial asthma; cholera; bacterial infections; coma; epilepsy; fever; stroke; liver toxicity; jaundice; promoting weight loss; reducing body fat; preventing lung disorders; supporting skeletal function; increasing bone strength; slowing the aging process; anemia...”

Lack of Sleep

...relationship to Stroke
“If you sleep less than six hours per night and have disturbed sleep you stand a 15% greater chance of developing or dying from a stroke.”

Low Total Cholesterol

...the condition
“...Low cholesterol levels have been associated with depression, anxiety, violent behavior, suicide and hemorrhagic stroke.  Fat absorption requires the presence of bile as an emulsifier...”
...relationship to Stroke
“Researchers have found that as cholesterol levels drop, the risk of hemorrhagic stroke (accounting for 20% of strokes) increased significantly...”

Magnesium Requirement

...the condition
“...In addition, dietary surveys have suggested that a higher magnesium intake is associated with a lower risk of stroke.  Further studies are needed to understand the complex relationships between dietary magnesium intake, indicators of magnesium status, and heart disease...”

MRI Scan a treatment
“...It is currently the best method for examining the brain for signs of stroke, tumors, and multiple sclerosis...”

Myeloproliferative Neoplasm

...the condition
“...Other signs and symptoms depend on the underlying condition and include ... Blockage of blood vessels, potentially leading to heart disease, stroke, or gangrene (tissue death) of the arms and legs...”

Need For Routine Preventative Health Measures

...our question about Diabetes in relatives
“If you have a family history of high blood pressure, heart or kidney disease, diabetes or stroke, you should have your blood pressure tested annually.”
...recommendation Blood Pressure Check
“...If you have a family history of high blood pressure, heart or kidney disease, diabetes or stroke, you should be tested annually.”

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

...relationship to Coronary Disease / Heart Attack
“...Sleep apnea is associated with many physiological changes that increase the risk of both heart attack and stroke.”
...relationship to Stroke
“Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) significantly increases the risk of stroke or death from any cause, and the increase is independent of other risk factors, including hypertension...”

Orange Peel (Extract) a treatment
“...In a 2010 article by the publication Consumer Reports, it was reported that use of bitter orange may be associated with "fainting, heart-rhythm disorders, heart attack, stroke, death."”

Ozone / Oxidative Therapy a treatment
“...Specific therapeutic applications of ozone include the treatment of vascular disease such as stroke, obstructive arteriopathy, venous insufficiency, cancer, acute and chronic viral diseases, ulcers, infected wounds, gangrenes, burns, inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease...”


...the condition
“...Complications include ... stroke...”

Perimenopausal Issues

...recommendation Soy Isoflavones
“...In other words, drinking the equivalent of about 2 cups of soymilk each day, women can go through menopause with strong bones, and without the cancer, heart disease, a stroke or two and blood clots in the lung...”

Peripheral Vascular Disease

...the condition
“...for peripheral vascular disease are similar to those for atherosclerosis and include ... A family history of peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, heart disease, atherosclerotic disease or stroke...”

Physical Therapy a treatment
“...It treats people with musculoskeletal disorders such as back and neck strains or knee injuries; neurological deficits such as stroke patients or cerebral palsy children, and skin disorders such as wounds, burns or diabetic foot ulcers...”

Pituitary Tumor

...the condition
“...For example, a pituitary tumor can present like a subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is a kind of stroke.  Pituitary tumors are either secreting (producing hormones) or non-secreting tumors (not producing hormones)...”

Polycythemia Vera

...the condition
“...The earliest symptoms frequently include ... blockage of blood vessels leading to potential heart disease, stroke, or gangrene (tissue death) of the arms and legs...”

Poor Cerebral Circulation

...the condition
“...When brain cells are deprived of their blood supply, a stroke occurs.  Without access to vital nutrients and oxygen, brain cells die...”

Poor Memory

...the condition
“...A stroke can cause sudden memory loss (accompanied by other neurological symptoms, such as dizziness, visual changes, buckling knees or slurred speech...”

Postmenopausal Issues

...the condition
“...Outside the heart, diseased blood vessels can cause adverse conditions such as stroke, high blood pressure or poor circulation, which in turn can lead to difficulty walking and even to loss of limbs...”

Potassium Need

...the condition
“...Furthermore, a high potassium diet reduces risk of stroke and premature death – even if blood pressure doesn't fall...”

Premature/Signs of Aging

...the condition
“...Sometimes premature aging occurs without any symptoms until, suddenly, there is a catastrophic event such as a heart attack, cancer, or a stroke.  Other times, atrophy or tissue wasting can occur, as in muscle weakness with lack of exercise, mucous membrane and glandular deterioration with decreased hormone levels and brain atrophy in...”

Problems Caused By Being Overweight

...the condition
“...Hypertension and obesity treatment are necessary to avoid potential morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease or stroke...”

Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance

...the condition
“...The risk of stroke and heart disease is increased dramatically when a woman is estrogen-dominant...”

Protein Deficiency

...the condition
“...Protein C Deficiency and Protein S Deficiency are hereditary diseases that lead to blood clotting and ischemic stroke.  Those affected should avoid activities that can lead to blood clots, such as extended bed rest, or sitting for a long time while working or traveling...”

Rheumatoid Arthritis

...the condition
“...People with Rheumatoid Arthritis are more prone to atherosclerosis, and risk of myocardial infarction (heart attack) and stroke is markedly increased.”

Risk Of Premature Death

...the condition
“...In medical terms, the leading causes of premature death are ... stroke...”

Soy Isoflavones a treatment
“...They have been shown to help prevent the buildup of arterial plaque, which reduces the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.  Isoflavones may help reduce breast cancer by blocking the cancer-causing effects of human estrogen...”


...the condition
“Alternative names: Brain attack A stroke occurs when brain cells are deprived of their blood supply...”
...our question about Recently reduced arm function
“Loss of arm function affects some 85% of those who have suffered a stroke.”
...relationship to Carotid Artery Disease
“Carotid artery stenosis is one of the causes of stroke.”
...relationship to Brain Tumor
“Older persons with brain tumors may be initially misdiagnosed as having had a stroke.  A stroke, even when it looks like one on a CT, may turn out to be the result of a tumor.”
...recommendation L-Taurine
“Taurine reduces platelet aggregation, which is how most natural products work in stroke prevention.”
...recommendation Increased Water Consumption
“A Seventh Day Adventist study found that those who drank 5 glasses of water per day have on average half the cardiac mortality and half the fatal stroke rate of the general population.”
...recommendation Folic Acid
“A study found that people with a dietary intake of at least 300mcg per day of folic acid reduced their risk of stroke and heart disease by 20% and 13% respectively, compared with those who consumed less than 136mcg of folic acid per day...”
...recommendation Increased Sleep
“Getting less than six hours' sleep each night doubles the chance of dying from a heart attack or stroke for those at risk.”
...recommendation Aspirin
“Aspirin may reduce your chance of having a stroke.  Aspirin reduces platelet 'stickiness' or aggregation, as do other natural products that 'thin blood'...”

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

...the condition
“...Much of the emergency treatment for hemorrhagic stroke involves measuring and lowering this pressure...”

Test for Cardiac Risk Factors a treatment
“If you are at increased or uncertain cardiovascular risk, there are many additional tests beyond the basic cholesterol levels and stress EKGs that can predict the likelihood of a heart attack or stroke.  Post-challenge insulin, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), Lp(a), iron levels, additional lipid fractions, homocysteine, fibrinogen and others can be done to provide a clearer...”

Test Serum Uric Acid Levels a treatment
“...Thus, it is unclear whether elevated levels of uric acid in diseases associated with oxidative stress such as stroke and atherosclerosis are a protective response or a primary cause.”

Vascular Dementia

...the condition
“...Various conditions can cause or worsen damage to the blood supply to the brain, for example stroke, high blood pressure, heart problems, high cholesterol and diabetes...”


...the condition
“...Vertigo may result from other vestibular (inner ear – balance center) disorders such as Meniere's disease or vestibular neuritis, or may be a symptom of a more serious illness such as a stroke or tumor...”

Vinpocetine a treatment
“...narrowed vessels, and may help to protect brain tissues in the event of temporary loss of blood pressure, when the tissues might otherwise experience insufficient flow (the so-called "watershed stroke" caused by hypoperfusion)...”

Vocal Cord Paresis / Paralysis

...the condition
“...Vocal cord paresis can be caused by ... Stroke...”
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