Abdominal Pain

Definition of Abdominal Pain:

Acute or chronic, localized or widespread pain in the abdominal cavity (the area below the chest and above the hips).  Abdominal pain can be a sign of a serious condition that may require urgent surgical or medical intervention.  It may be constant or intermittent (cramping).

Also: Abdominal Cramping, Abdominal Cramps, Abdominal Discomfort, Stomach Ache, Stomach Cramps

Topics Related to Abdominal Pain

A Potentially Urgent Medical Need

...our question about Generalized discomfort or pain in the abdomen
“Severe acute or prolonged abdominal pain is a possible symptom of many serious conditions...”

Acute, Intermittent Porphyria

...the condition
“...Additional symptoms can be loss of vision, sensitivity to light, aches and pains, acne, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, and abnormal fat metabolism...”
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More topics Related to Abdominal Pain

Adrenal Insufficiency

...related topic
“...Symptoms include primarily fatigue, weakness, decreased appetite with ensuing weight loss, as well as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, or increased pigmentation of the skin...”

Aspartame (Nutrasweet) Avoidance

...as a treatment
“...reaction), marked personality changes, phobias, rapid heart beat (tachycardia – another frequent reaction), asthma, chest pains, hypertension (high blood pressure), nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, swallowing pain, itching, hives / urticaria, other allergic reactions, blood sugar control problems (e.g. hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia), menstrual cramps and other menstrual problems...”

Baking Soda

...as a treatment
“...There are unproven claims that can it can be used to treat cancer; Although generally very safe, when used in excess baking soda can upset the body's acid-base balance, and cause nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps, thirst.”

Bentonite Clay

...as a treatment
“...The percent of relief indicated for the symptoms were: abdominal cramps – 80%; anorexia – 78%; malaise – 80%; headaches – 71%; nausea – 85%; and weakness – 100%...”

Bile Duct Cancer

...the condition
“...The most common symptoms of bile duct cancer include jaundice and itching (the most common signs), abdominal pain, poor appetite, bloating, weight loss, fever, nausea, or an enlarging abdominal mass...”


...as a treatment
“...Biofeedback combined with fiber may also help relieve abdominal pain in children...”

Blastocystosis (Blastocystis hominis)

...our question about Stool consistency
“Watery or loose stools, diarrhea, abdominal pain, anal itching, weight loss and excess gas have all been reported in persons with blastocystis infection.”


...the condition
“...Headache and depression may occur in about half of all cases, as well as abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and vomiting...”

Budd-Chiari Syndrome

...the condition
“...A patient presenting with abdominal pain, ascites, and liver enlargement will often be suspected of having Budd-Chiari syndrome...”

Caffeine Intoxication

...the condition
“...can 36-90 Soft drinks, decaffeinated 12oz can 0 Cocoa 1 cup 4 Chocolate, milk 1 ounce 3-6 Chocolate, bittersweet 1 ounce 25 Caffeine is a stimulant that can cause the following side-effects ... abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea...”

Carbohydrate Intolerance

...the condition
“...Symptoms of carbohydrate intolerance include ... vague abdominal pain...”


...as a treatment
“...However, excess consumption can lead to diarrhea and stomach cramps.”

Cirrhosis of the Liver

...the condition
“...symptoms that may be associated with this disease: Urine output, decreased; Swelling, overall; Stools, pale or clay colored; Nosebleed or bleeding gums; Gynecomastia (breast development in males); Abdominal pain; Abdominal indigestion; Fevers; Symptoms may develop gradually, or there may be no symptoms...”

Clostridium Difficile Infection

...the condition
“...C. difficile testing is often carried out when a patient reports frequent watery stools, abdominal pain, fever, and/or nausea lasting 3 or more days, during or following a course of antibiotics, or following recent gastrointestinal surgery...”


...the condition
“...Digestive dysfunction is supported by the fact that colicky babies typically pull their legs up as if experiencing abdominal cramps or pain.  However, some experts suggest that abdominal pain is the result of crying rather than the cause as crying may result in swallowing air, with resultant stomach distention...”
...related topic
“Cramping or spasms of a smooth muscle tube, such as the uterus (menstrual cramps) the ureters (passing kidney stones) or the stomach (stomach ache).”

Congestive Heart Failure

...our question about Unexplained nausea
“Accumulation of fluid (due to congestive heart failure) in the liver and intestines may cause nausea, abdominal pain, and decreased appetite.”

Consequences of Gallbladder Surgery

...the condition
“...Patient surveys taken 2 to 24 months after both open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy indicate that 40-50% of patients have one or two symptoms that continue, such as abdominal discomfort from excess bowel gas or dull pain, although 80-90% regard the operation as highly successful...”

Consequences of Splenectomy

...recommendation Antibiotics
“...If there is any sign of infection (for example raised temperature, sore throat, unexplained cough, abdominal pain and/or headache with drowsiness or a rash), a doctor should be contacted.”


...relationship to Fibroids
“...These symptoms may include pressure on the bladder with difficulty voiding or urinary frequency and urgency, pressure on the rectum with constipation, lower back and abdominal pain, as well as heavy or irregular bleeding during periods.”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...our question about Pain in the upper-right abdomen under rib cage
“Cardiac pain may occasionally present as upper abdominal pain.  An acute myocardial infarction can cause upper-right or epigastric discomfort that may be similar to that of a gallbladder attack...”

Crohn's Disease

...related topic
“...The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, often in the lower right area, and diarrhea...”

Cryptosporidium Infection

...the condition
“...Consider seeking medical attention if any of the following occur ... Severe cramps and abdominal pain...”

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

...the condition
“...This phase is often also accompanied by abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever and headaches...”
...our question about your age
“...Many children, including those in the remitted group, continued to have general symptoms such as headaches (in 42%) and abdominal pain (in 37%).”

Cystic Fibrosis

...the condition
“...and toes), pneumothorax (rupture of lung tissue and trapping of air between the lung and the chest wall), hemoptysis (coughing of blood), cor pulmonale (enlargement of the right side of the heart), abdominal pain and discomfort, gassiness (too much gas in the intestine), and rectal prolapse (protrusion of the rectum through the anus)...”

Delayed Gastric Emptying (Gastroparesis)

...our question about Duration of current nausea episodes
“...viral etiology was suggested in these patients and in other series when there was an acute onset of nausea and vomiting with other features of a viral illness (fever, myalgia, diarrhea, fatigue, or abdominal cramping).”


...as a treatment
“...Side-effects can include nausea, stomach ache, drowsiness and depression...”


...the condition
“...Chronic Diarrhea Chronic diarrhea, especially if associated with abdominal pain or systemic symptoms, can limit activity, adversely influence quality of life, and pose diagnostic and management challenges to health care providers...”

Diverticular Disease

...related topic
“...The most common symptoms of diverticulitis are abdominal pain and tenderness around the left side of the lower abdomen...”
...our question about Lower-left abdomen pain made worse by eating
“The pain can range from a mild stomach ache to severe pain.”

Ectopic Pregnancy

...the condition
“...Women with a confirmed pregnancy should seek immediate medical attention if any of the following symptoms are present ... abdominal pain and/or tenderness...”

Effects of a Low Carbohydrate Diet

...the condition
“...Symptoms of ketosis include general tiredness, abrupt or gradually increasing weakness, dizziness, headaches, confusion, abdominal pain, irritability, nausea and vomiting, sleep problems and bad breath...”

Enlarged Liver

...the condition
“...However, if the enlargement is extreme, it may cause abdominal discomfort (by pressing against other organs and nerves) or a feeling of fullness...”

Enlarged Spleen

...our question about Pain in the upper abdomen / stomach area
“...Various conditions can cause it to increase in size and cause abdominal pain.”


...the condition
“...Symptoms are extremely variable but usually include continuous or intermittent diarrhea, which may be bloody, painful abdominal cramps.  Fever is also common...”

Fatty Liver

...the condition
“...In rare cases, it causes jaundice, right-side abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, and fever...”

Fecal Impaction

...the condition
“...The symptoms of fecal impaction include: chronic constipation; leakage of watery stool or liquid; abdominal discomfort; abdominal bloating; abdominal pain and cramping; straining when trying to pass stools; feeling the need to push; nausea; vomiting; headache; unexplained weight loss; weak...”


...as a treatment
“...Other benefits of Fennel ... stomach cramps...”

Food Poisoning

...the condition
“...Symptoms generally last from a few hours to a few days and include ... stomach cramps...”

Gallbladder Cancer

...the condition
“...Symptoms match those of many other diseases and include ... Abdominal pain, usually in the upper-right abdomen or above the stomach...”

Gallbladder Disease

...the condition
“...Gallstone disease is a common cause of abdominal pain, inflammation, and infection of the gallbladder and the pancreas...”

Gastric/Peptic/Duodenal Ulcers

...the condition
“...Severe abdominal pain, with or without evidence of bleeding, may indicate that the ulcer has perforated the stomach, duodenum or intestine...”


...the condition
“...Some people do not have symptoms, but if present then they usually include one or more of ... upper abdominal pain...”


...the condition
“...The most common symptoms include ... Abdominal pain/cramps...”
...related topic
“Gastrointestinal tract inflammation; characterized by abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting; which may be caused by bacteria, parasites or a virus.”
...our question about Foul-smelling gas
“...Some of these may be associated with traveling to different parts of the world; infections are usually accompanied by gas, diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain.”

Giardiasis Infection

...the condition
“...Symptoms generally begin within 1 to 2 weeks of infection and include watery diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramps, upset stomach, loss of appetite, dehydration, nausea and fatigue...”

Gluten Sensitivity / Celiac Disease

...the condition
“...For example, one person might have diarrhea and abdominal pain, while another person has irritability or depression...”

Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)

...our question about Your liver enzymes level
“A common early sign of progressive iron overload is symptom-free elevation of liver enzymes, which can be accompanied by recurrent right-sided abdominal pain and liver enlargement...”

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

...the condition
“...The first stages of HUS frequently present with gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea...”


...the condition
“...Silymarin (milk thistle) reverses liver cell damage, increases protein level in the blood, lowers liver enzymes and generally improves symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, decreased appetite and fatigue...”


...the condition
“...Also, a mononucleosis-like syndrome can occur, characterized by prolonged fever, rigors, myalgias, arthralgias, rash, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea, and this is associated with seroconversion for the HIV antibody...”

Hot Applications (Thermotherapy)

...as a treatment
“...Abdominal pain and pelvic pain...”

Hydrochloric Acid (Trial)

...as a treatment
“...When and if irritation (heartburn, stomach ache, heaviness, nausea) occurs, you may take an antacid (i.e. Tums, Alka-seltzer Gold, or baking soda and water at 12 tsp...”


...the condition
“...Symptoms of growth hormone deficiency in adults include ... abdominal pain...”
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More topics Related to Abdominal Pain

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

...our question about Unexplained nausea
“IBS can lead to nausea in various ways ... The abdominal pain often present in IBS may result in nausea...”
...recommendation Slippery Elm
“...Patients using Slippery Elm report significantly increased bowel movement frequency along with less straining, abdominal pain, bloating, and flatulence.”
...recommendation Marijuana
“There are quite a few people who use marijuana to control the symptoms of abdominal pain and nausea associated with irritable bowel syndrome...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“Magnesium is commonly used for treating abdominal cramps and constipation and is therefore useful for IBS-C...”

Increased Urinary Frequency

...relationship to Fibroids
“...These symptoms may include pressure on the bladder with difficulty voiding or urinary frequency and urgency, pressure on the rectum with constipation, lower back and abdominal pain, as well as heavy bleeding.”

Indian Long Pepper

...as a treatment
“...Unconfirmed uses include: headache; migraine; toothache; indigestion; stomach ache; diarrhea; bronchitis; cough; asthma: prevention recurrent attacks of bronchial asthma; cholera; bacterial infections; coma; epilepsy; fever; stroke; liver toxicity; jaundice; promoting...”


...the condition
“...Early symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and significant intermittent cramping abdominal pain.  Later symptoms include rectal bleeding, often with "red currant jelly" stool (stool mixed with blood and mucus), and lethargy...”

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

...related topic
“...An IBS diagnosis requires at least three of the following symptoms to be present: lower abdominal pain; bloating; constipation; diarrhea, constipation, or alternating diarrhea and constipation; nausea; loss of appetite; tummy rumbling; flatulence; mucus in stools; indigestion; constant...”

IUD Complications

...the condition
“...See a doctor urgently if you miss a period and develop lower abdominal pain.  An IUD is not advisable if you have previously had an ectopic pregnancy...”

Lactose Intolerance

...the condition
“...When symptoms do occur, however, it is usually within 30 minutes to 2 hours of consuming dairy products and can include gas, abdominal distention, diarrhea, and recurrent abdominal pain, especially among children...”
...our question about Flatulence
“"Lactose malabsorption and lactase deficiency are chronic organic pathologic conditions characterized by abdominal pain and distention, flatulence, and the passage of loose, watery stools...”

Lei Gong Teng

...as a treatment
“...Frequent upper abdominal pain, nausea and reduced appetite were also reported, and impairment of hepatic and renal functions appeared in a few cases...”

Liver Abscess

...the condition
“...delirium, hallucinations, delusions; High fever (over 101°F); Jerky movements; Rapid heart rate; Breathing problems (shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, wheezing, or choking); Severe abdominal pain; Vomiting; A diagnostic workup generally includes several of the following: Abdominal ultrasound; Abdominal CT scan or MRI; Complete blood count; Liver abscess aspiration (verifies...”
...our question about Pain in the upper-right abdomen under rib cage
“As well as abdominal pain, the liver and area below the right rib are tender to the touch.”

Liver Disease

...the condition
“...Liver pain is often confused with kidney pain, abdominal pain, or back pain because of its location...”


...as a treatment
“...Side-effects are rare with lysine supplements, although a few cases of abdominal cramps and diarrhea have been reported with very high doses (more than 10gm per day)...”

Low Back Pain

...relationship to Fibroids
“...These symptoms may include pressure on the bladder with difficulty voiding or urinary frequency and urgency, pressure on the rectum with constipation, lower back pain and abdominal pain, as well as heavy bleeding.”


...the condition
“...When too many mast cells are present in the body, the chemicals that they release can cause ... Abdominal cramping...”

Mesenteric Ischemia

...the condition
“...The primary symptom is abdominal pain that has no obvious cause...”

Myeloproliferative Neoplasm

...the condition
“...An enlarged spleen can cause abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness...”


...the condition
“...It is characterized by joint pain (arthralgia), fever, severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and damage to the head of the femur bone (osteonecrosis)...”

Ovarian Cysts

...the condition
“...Sharp, severe abdominal pain, fever and/or vomiting...”
...related topic
“...Rarely, a very large cyst can become twisted and stop its own blood supply, possibly causing nausea, fever or severe abdominal pain.  Functional ovarian cysts form part of the normal functioning of the ovary and are always benign...”


...the condition
“...Although upper abdominal pain is usually present, some people don't experience pain at all...”
...our question about Pain in the upper-left abdomen under rib cage
“One of the most common pancreatitis symptoms is upper abdominal pain, usually centered in the upper middle or upper left part of the abdomen...”

Parasite Infection

...the condition
“...Especially with heavier infections, intestinal parasites can also cause symptoms such as ... Abdominal cramps and gas...”

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

...related topic
“A purulent (pus-like) vaginal discharge with fever and lower abdominal pain.  Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes.”

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

...the condition
“...The major symptoms of PID are lower abdominal pain and abnormal vaginal discharge...”


...the condition
“...(General) signs and symptoms include ... Abdominal pain...”


...as a treatment
“...If you suspect that the digestive flora have been disrupted by antibiotics (typical symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal discomfort and gas), have a comprehensive stool analysis performed in order to check the proper balance of bacterial flora...”

Progesterone Excess

...our question about Oral progesterone use
“...In one study, oral micronized progesterone at a dose of 400mg per day was associated with dizziness, abdominal cramping, headache, breast pain, muscle pain, irritability, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea and viral infections...”


...the condition
“...Acute infectious prostatitis comes on suddenly, and its symptoms such as urinary frequency and urgency, lower abdominal pain and pressure, burning on urination, chills and fever can be severe and life-threatening...”


...the condition
“...They tire easily, are anemic, have poor dream recall, prefer not to eat breakfast, notice upper abdominal pain when stressed, and experience a "stitch" in their side if they run...”


...as a treatment
“...Nausea, dizziness, abdominal pain and confusion were commonly reported in selegiline-treated patients more so than in placebo-treated patients in clinical trials.”

Sickle Cell Trait / Disease

...our question about Duration of current abdominal pain
Abdominal pain is one of the most common symptoms of a sickle cell crisis – a painful episode that often occurs a few times each year in people who have sickle cell anemia...”

Side Stitch

...related topic
“...It is also referred to as exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP).”

Sjogren's Syndrome

...the condition
“...Inflammation in the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, and liver can cause problems like painful swallowing, heartburn, abdominal pain and swelling, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and weight loss...”

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

...the condition
“...For example, tumors found in the following areas of the body may develop these symptoms ... Bowel – abdominal pain, vomiting, and constipation...”

Somatoform Disorder

...the condition
“...Some of these include ... Abdominal pain...”

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

...the condition
“...When this valve loses its ability to contract and relax during a meal, the flow of digestive juices (bile and pancreatic juice) into the small intestine is obstructed, leading to severe abdominal pain and other possible complications...”

Spicy Foods Avoidance

...as a treatment
“...Adverse reactions to spicy foods include ... abdominal pain...”

St John's Wort

...as a treatment
“...The most common side-effects from taking St. John's Wort are mild nausea, stomach ache, lack of appetite and tiredness, although these are not common...”

STD Gonorrhea

...the condition
“...When symptoms or signs are present, they can be very severe and can include strong abdominal pain and fever...”

Stomach Cancer

...the condition
“...Persistent abdominal pain.  If suspected, a doctor should order further investigation...”

Stool Exam

...as a treatment
“...Determining the cause of symptoms affecting the digestive tract, including prolonged diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, an increased amount of gas, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, bloating, abdominal pain and cramping, and fever...”

Subphrenic Abscess

...the condition
“...The upper abdominal pain is severe on deep palpation by the physician...”

Tendency To Develop Polyps

...the condition
“...On rare occasions the bowel may become partially or completely blocked, resulting in symptoms such as constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating and (in severe cases) vomiting...”

Tendency Toward Allergic Reactions

...the condition
“...Severe reactions can include: abdominal cramping or pain; pain or tightness in the chest; diarrhea; difficulty swallowing; dizziness / vertigo; fear or anxiety; facial flushing; nausea or vomiting; heart palpitations; swelling of...”

Testicular Torsion

...the condition
“...The main symptoms of testicular torsion are: Sudden and severe scrotal pain; Scrotal swelling; Abdominal pain; Fever; Nausea; Vomiting; Changed position of a testicle (higher than normal, or at an angle); Painful urination; Diagnosis usually involves physical examination, palpation, a urine...”

Thyroid Storm

...related topic
“...Symptoms include high fever (over 41°C, 106°F), rapid pulse (over 140 beats per minute), irregular heartbeat, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and patient distress, confusion, seizures or coma.”


...the condition
“...Additional symptoms include abdominal discomfort, cramping and diarrhea...”


...the condition
“...Symptoms of trichobezoars include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes blood and/or visible hairs in the stool...”

Ulcerative Colitis

...the condition
“...During a flare-up, which can come on suddenly and severely, the patient may experience violent diarrhea (typically containing mucus and blood), high fever, abdominal pain, and occasionally peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity)...”
...relationship to Bacterial Dysbiosis
“A variety of bacterial pathogens can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloody diarrhea, fever or abdominal pain.  In addition, many of these intestinal microbes can exacerbate or cause flare-ups of symptoms in patients who already have ulcerative colitis.”

Vaginitis/Vaginal Infection

...the condition
“...Irritation and itching of the female genital area, and on rare occasions, lower abdominal pain also can be present...”


...the condition
“...Intestines Inadequate blood flow in the intestines can cause crampy abdominal pain and bloating...”


...as a treatment
“...There is occasional nasal itchiness, headaches, conjunctivitis, sore throat, nausea, abdominal pain and the urgent need to defecate as a result of increased bowel stimulation does rarely occur...”

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

...as a treatment
“...In addition to flushing, it may cause headache and stomach ache in some people...”

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

...as a treatment
“...Caution: For most people, B6 can cause a nasty stomach ache on a completely empty stomach, so the recommendation is to take it with food, such as juice, fruit, chip, cracker, even a crust of bread.”


...related topic
“...Usually symptomless, heavy infections – especially in small children – can cause gastrointestinal problems (abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal prolapse) and possibly growth retardation.”

White Peony Root

...as a treatment
“...pain in the hypochondrium due to stagnation of the liver-qi, it is often dispensed with bupleurum root and cyperus tuber, as in Bupleurum Powder for Dispersing Liver-qi (Chai Hu Shu Gan San); for abdominal pain and diarrhea, it can be used with white atractylodes rhizome, tangerine peel and ledebouriella root, as in Prescription of Importance for Diarrhea with Pain(Tong Xie Yao Fang); for...”
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