Alternative Names: Abdominal Bleeding, Intra-abdominal Bleeding
This is a very serious condition involving bleeding at some site within the abdomen. The most common causes are trauma to the abdomen and disease.
Abdominal bleeding is treated as a medical emergency because it indicates a serious underlying medical condition.
Symptoms include abdominal pain and tenderness, as well as abdominal distention and rigidity. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, and possibly excretion or vomiting of blood. Severe bleeding can cause the patient to go into a state of shock (confusion, chills, lethargy, and eventually unconsciousness.)
The first step is to confirm that internal bleeding is occurring. This is achieved with medical imaging and other tests. Once confirmed, surgery may then be performed in order to locate the source of the bleeding.
Treatment is initially aimed at stabilizing the patient: Abdominal bleeding requires prompt medical attention, with the patient usually ending up in surgery until the source of the bleeding can be identified and stopped.
If bleeding is caused by a ruptured blood vessel, a surgeon may be able to correct the problem relatively quickly. A ruptured artery or organ poses more of a problem.
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