Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) a plant cousin to the Panax clan, is called ginseng because of its similar actions and uses. Native to Northeast Asia, including Russia (Siberia), China, Korea and Japan; the root bark is the most active portion of Siberian Ginseng.
Siberian Ginseng remedies are derived from the roots and sometimes from the leaves.
Siberian Ginseng is sold in capsules, tinctures, and extracts. Standardized Siberian Ginseng products often specify the content of one or more of a series of chemicals known as eleutherosides. An average dose is 100mg of an extract standardized for 1% eleutherosides. Supplements are standardized to contain either Eleutheroside B (0.4-0.5%) or Eleutheroside E (0.4-0.6%).
The active constituents of Siberian Ginseng have been called eleutherosides. Some 14 have been characterized to date being named eleutheroside A, B, C and so on. Many of the studies on Siberian Ginseng were performed in Russia, and pertained primarily to stamina and endurance. Siberian ginseng has also been used in antioxidant, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-hypertensive studies, with some beneficial results.
Studies on Siberian Ginseng have shown that it has considerable promise for increasing longevity and improving overall health. Chemists have isolated more than three dozen compounds in Siberian Ginseng that may affect the mind and body; foremost among these are the eleutherosides, which occur in the plant's roots and, to a lesser degree, in the leaves.
Studies have determined that the eleutherosides differ from the ginsenosides isolated from the panax ginsengs, though some of their effects on the body are similar. Exactly how these compounds affect the body is still being determined and the effects may in fact be available only from the whole herb. The isolated components of Siberian Ginseng do not have the same tonic action as the whole plant.
Siberian ginseng (Eleuthero) root preparations are "Approved" by the German Commission E as a tonic in times of fatigue and declining work capacity and concentration.
Siberian ginseng is a supportive adaptogen used to improve vitality and stamina. It tends to increase energy, extend endurance and fight fatigue. However, in a study on experienced distance runners, researchers saw no effects on exercise performance.
Siberian Ginseng supports the working of the adrenal glands and helps with nervous tension. Siberian Ginseng also boosts overall immune function and may play a role in the treatment of hypertension, blood sugar irregularities and depression.
Siberian Ginseng is considered to be safe for daily consumption even in doses many times larger than average, though some people may experience insomnia and other side effects from taking high amounts.
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