Abnormal serum iron levels can have various causes, ranging in severity from 'needs attention' to 'life-threatening'. Finding the true cause means ruling out or confirming each possibility – in other words, diagnosis.
Diagnosis is usually a complex process due to the sheer number of possible causes and related symptoms. In order to diagnose abnormal serum iron levels, we could:
|Cancer In General||99%||Confirm|
|Iron Deficiency Anemia||21%||Unlikely|
|Metal Toxicity||3%||Ruled out|
|Hemolytic Anemia||3%||Ruled out|
|Megaloblastic Anemia||0%||Ruled out|
|Chronic Inflammation||0%||Ruled out|
Iron, serum. Unit: ug/dL [umol/L]
Possible responses:→ Don't know
→ Under 20 [3.6] (very low)
→ 20-59 [3.6-10.6] (low)
→ 60-175 [10.7-31.3] (normal)
→ Over 175 [31.3] (high)
Elevated serum iron can occur in cases of lead poisoning.
Elevated serum iron can occur as a result of pernicious anemia.