Your Uric Acid Level

What Causes Abnormal Uric Acid Levels?

Abnormal uric acid levels can have various causes, ranging in severity from 'worrying' to 'critical'.  Finding the true cause means ruling out or confirming each possibility – in other words, diagnosis.

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  • understand what's happening to your body
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Diagnosis is usually a complex process due to the sheer number of possible causes and related symptoms.  In order to diagnose abnormal uric acid levels, we could:

  • Research the topic
  • Find a doctor with the time
  • Use a diagnostic computer system.
The process is the same, whichever method is used.

Step 1: List all Possible Causes

We begin by identifying the disease conditions which have "abnormal uric acid levels" as a symptom.  Here are three possibilities:
  • Syndrome X
  • Heart Disease
  • Molybdenum Need

Step 2: Build a Symptom Checklist

We then identify all possible symptoms and risk factors of each possible cause, and check the ones that apply:
low HDL cholesterol level
current birth control pill use
rapid pulse rate
diagonal creases on earlobes
sleeping less than necessary
heart attack(s) in father
high diastolic blood pressure
African ethnicity
very great unexplained weight loss
appendix removed before age 20
... and more than 20 others

Step 3: Rule Out or Confirm each Possible Cause

A differential diagnosis of your symptoms and risk factors finds the likely cause of abnormal uric acid levels:
Cause Probability Status
Heart Disease 95% Confirm
Syndrome X 28% Unlikely
Molybdenum Need 4% Ruled out
* This is a simple example to illustrate the process

Arriving at a Correct Diagnosis

The Analyst™ is our online diagnosis tool that learns all about you through a straightforward process of multi-level questioning, providing diagnosis at the end.

If you indicate having had recent lab tests, The Analyst™ will ask further questions including this one:
Uric acid (plasma). Unit: mg/dL [umol/L]
Possible responses:
→ Don't know
→ Under 3.5 [210]
→ 3.5 to 4.5 [210-270]
→ 4.6 to 7.0 [280-420] (normal)
→ Over 7.0 [420]
Based on your response to this question, which may indicate low uric acid level, normal uric acid level or high uric acid level, The Analyst™ will consider possibilities such as:
Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

Elevated levels of serum uric acid increase the risk of heart attack.

In evaluating 5,926 subjects who were between 25 and 74 years of age, after 16.4 years of follow-up, there were 1,593 deaths of which 45.9% were attributed to cardiovascular disease.  It was found that increased serum uric acid levels were independently and significantly associated with the risk of cardiovascular mortality. [JAMA, May 10, 2000;283(18): pp.2404-2410]

Molybdenum Need

Xanthine oxidase, the enzyme that immediately produces uric acid, uses molybdenum as a cofactor.  Molybdenum is known to raise uric acid levels, which is why people with gout (a condition of elevated high uric acid levels) are told to avoid molybdenum supplements.

Concerned or curious about your health?  Try The Analyst™
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