Premenstrual Syndrome

Definition of Premenstrual Syndrome:

PMS consists of various physical and/or emotional symptoms that occur in the second half of the menstrual cycle, after ovulation.  The symptoms begin about midcycle, are generally the most intense during the last seven days before menstruation and include: anger; acne; backache; bloating; fatigue; headache; sore breasts; changes in sexual desire; depression; difficulty concentrating; difficulty handling stress; irritability; tearfulness.

Also: PMS

Topics Related to Premenstrual Syndrome

Acupuncture a treatment
“...Gynecological disorders PMS; Irregular periods; Infertility; Discomfort during pregnancy; PCOS; Menopausal symptoms; Endometriosis; Muscle pain and strain; Stress; Insomnia; Allergies; Sinusitis; Sinus infection; Anxiety...”

American Skullcap a treatment
“ well worth using to aid withdrawal from orthodox tranquilizers and antidepressants, and is excellent when combined with hormone balancing herbs such as chaste tree or false unicorn root for PMS.  Skullcap also acts as an anti-inflammatory herb, and can be used for arthritis, particularly where it is aggravated by stress...”
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More topics Related to Premenstrual Syndrome

Aspirin a treatment
“...Aspirin has also been shown to decrease the incidence of gastrointestinal cancer and gall bladder disease, and improve diabetes, PMS symptoms, and pregnancy outcomes...”

Banana a treatment
“...PMS: The vitamin B6 in a banana regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood...”

Black Cohosh a treatment
“...The root extract is "Approved" under German Commission E for dysmenorrhea, PMS complaints and menopausal symptoms...”

Borage Oil a treatment
“...Most often, borage oil is consumed for its GLA content, which has been shown to be useful against such things as atopic eczema, premenstrual syndrome, diabetes, inflammation, heart disease and stroke.”

Calcium-D-Glucarate a treatment
“...Glucarate facilitates estrogen removal, and improves estrogen by-product formation so it may ease prostate conditions, PMS and other hormonal concerns...”

Consequences of Poor Diet

...the condition
“...Many pesticides, such as DDT, DDE and PCP, have been shown to mimic the effects of estrogen in the body and have been linked to the growing epidemic of estrogen-related health conditions such as PMS, breast cancer, and low sperm counts...”

Edema (Water Retention)

...the condition
“...It can also masquerade as premenstrual syndrome or make existing premenstrual syndrome worse...”

EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Requirement

...the condition
“; Allergies Eczema; Asthma; Hay fever; Hives; Stiff or painful joints; Fatty foods craving; EFA deficiency causes various issues specific to women: Premenstrual breast pain/tenderness; Premenstrual syndrome; Menstrual cramps; Abnormal menstrual bleeding; Vaginal dryness; Laboratory tests such as the Red Blood Cell Fatty Acid Analysis or the Fatty Acid Profile will help confirm EFA...”

Effects of a High Fat Diet

...the condition
“...These nutritional errors have been linked to high cholesterol, breast and prostate cancer, diabetes, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, PMS, and headaches to name but a few...”

Elevated Cortisol Levels

...relationship to Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
“...Low estrogen levels can increase the activity of osteoclasts (bone breakdown cells) while low progesterone has been shown to increase PMS symptoms and slow bone deposition...”

Evening Primrose Oil a treatment
“Known botanically as Oenothera biennis, oil of evening primrose (OEP or EPO) is used by women to help relieve breast pain and symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome.  OEP is also believed by some to decrease the risk of other conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and rheumatoid arthritis...”

Fennel a treatment
“...Estragole is a phytoestrogen that mildly mimics the female hormone, estrogen, and was once used to produce a synthetic version used in the treatment of bloating, breast tenderness, other PMS symptoms, and cramping...”

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

...the condition
“...Women with premenstrual syndrome in addition to breast tenderness should discuss the use of vitamin B6 with their nutritionally oriented doctor...”
...recommendation Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
“...Women with premenstrual syndrome in addition to breast tenderness should discuss the use of vitamin B6 with their nutritionally oriented doctor.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“...Since estrogen is responsible for premenstrual syndrome and breast tenderness, this may be one reason why coffee aggravates these conditions...”

GLA (Gamma Linolenic Acid) a treatment
“...oil is one of the three major supplemental sources of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a polyunsaturated fat that is used to treat a number of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, eczema, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)...”

Gluten Sensitivity / Celiac Disease

...the condition
“...and Hormonal Symptoms Fatigue; Inability to lose weight; Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep; Infertility; History of miscarriage or spontaneous abortion; Menstrual problems (e.g. PMS); Thyroid disease; A hyperprolactinemia diagnosis; A Diabetes type I or II diagnosis; Hypoglycemia; Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOS); Endometriosis; Immune System Symptoms Chronic urinary tract...”

Hot Drinks a treatment
“...Suffer from PMS.  It may worsen the symptoms...”

Hydrotherapy a treatment
“...Constitutional Hydrotherapy is recommended for ... Premenstrual syndrome...”

Kelp a treatment
“...PMS: Kelp (5 to 6 tablets daily) is a good source of needed minerals; helps protect thyroid function...”

Korean Ginseng a treatment
“...noted that Panax ginseng has been proven to have a mild estrogen-promoting activity in some women and would thus would be contraindicated where estrogen is already excessive, as may be the case with PMS or breast cancer...”

Liver Detoxification / Support Requirement

...the condition
“...Among the other symptoms, people with a sluggish liver may complain of depression, general malaise, headaches, digestive disturbances, allergies and chemical sensitivities, premenstrual syndrome, and constipation...”

Low Melatonin Level

...the condition
“...The anxiety of PMS, or anxiety in general, can be associated with low melatonin levels...”

L-Phenylalanine a treatment
“...L-Phenylalanine promotes alertness; reduces hunger pangs; improves memory; antidepressant; helps in controlling pain, particularly arthritis; used to help treat Parkinson's disease; alleviates PMS symptoms.  Should not be taken by diabetics, anyone suffering from anxiety attacks, high blood pressure, PKU or melanoma...”

Magnesium a treatment
“...cramps, High blood pressure, Hyperactivity, Glucose intolerance – diabetes and hypoglycemia, Fatigue, Fibromyalgia, Prevention of hearing loss, Kidney stones, Leg cramps, Migraine, Osteoporosis, PMS and Prostate health...”

Marapuama a treatment
“...It is also being increasingly used to treat menstrual cramps, PMS, depression, dysentery, and central nervous system disorders...”

Natural Progesterone a treatment
“...He has found that this natural hormone – used in conjunction with a good diet and lifestyle changes – is capable of eliminating much of the suffering associated both with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and menopause...”

Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)

...recommendation Inositol Hexaniacinate
“...Lipotropic agents help in the metabolism of hormones by the liver, important for the prevention of PMS.”

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

...related topic
“...The symptoms of PMDD are more severe than those seen with premenstrual syndrome (PMS).”
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More topics Related to Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual Syndrome

...the condition
“...Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) a very common condition that affects women during specific days of their menstrual cycle, usually just before their menses...”
...relationship to Copper Toxicity
“...Copper is closely related to estrogen metabolism, so an imbalance can cause many female health problems such as premenstrual syndrome.  Taking extra zinc and vitamin B6 before the menstrual period can reduce copper levels and thus the symptoms of PMS.”
...relationship to Magnesium Requirement
“Magnesium deficiency is strongly implicated as a causative factor in PMS.  Red Blood Cell magnesium levels in PMS patients have been shown to be significantly lower than in normal subjects...”
...relationship to Low Melatonin Level
“...Abnormal biological rhythms and sleep-wake cycle disturbances are often a primary feature of periodic depression, another common characteristic of PMS.  Melatonin imbalances have been specifically linked to PMS...”
...recommendation Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
“Vitamin B6 is effective for PMS symptoms because it reduces estrogen while raising progesterone levels...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Several studies have linked caffeine consumption to a higher incidence of PMS symptoms including tension, irritability, anxiety, fatigue, sleep disturbance and breast tenderness...”
...recommendation Vitamin A
“Vitamin A has been shown to be beneficial in reducing PMS symptoms when given in doses of 100,000 to 300,000 IU per day in the second half of the menstrual cycle...”
...recommendation Vitamin E
“Although vitamin E research concerning PMS has focused primarily on mastalgia, significant reduction of other PMS symptomatology has been demonstrated in double-blind studies...”
...recommendation Vitex / Chasteberry
“...One study compared vitex to vitamin B6 for treatment of PMS.  In all, 85 women were given one capsule of vitex that contained up to 4.2mg of vitex agnus castus dried fruit, daily for three consecutive menstrual cycles...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“...Magnesium is often at its lowest level during menstruation, and many symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are relieved when this mineral is replenished...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS A (Anxiety)

...the condition
“Many Holistic doctors categorize PMS into four types – A, C, D and H – which were originally identified by Dr. Guy Abraham, M.D. 'Type A' or 'PMS-A' ("Anxiety") is the most common symptom category and is related most strongly to an...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS C (Craving)

...the condition
“Many Holistic doctors categorize PMS into four types – A, C, D and H – which were originally identified by Dr. Guy Abraham, M.D. 'Type C' or 'PMS-C' ("Craving") is associated with increased appetite, craving for sweets, headache...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“...Additionally, there are links between low magnesium levels and the development of PMS symptoms, which may explain some women's monthly chocolate binge.”
...recommendation Evening Primrose Oil
“Treatment of women with PMS using gamma-linolenic acid to promote PGE1 synthesis shows good results in placebo-controlled studies.”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS D (Depression)

...the condition
“Many Holistic doctors categorize PMS into four types – A, C, D and H – which were originally identified by Dr. Guy Abraham, M.D. 'Type D' or 'PMS-D' ("Depression") is the least common and is relatively rare in its pure form...”
...our question about Depression before or during periods
PMS type D is characterized chiefly by depression.”
...recommendation against Natural Progesterone
“In patients with PMS Type D, progesterone levels may be elevated...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“...Hair mineral analysis has shown that, in general, PMS patients have higher heavy metal levels and lower magnesium levels than non-PMS controls...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Headache)

...the condition
“Many Holistic doctors categorize PMS into four types – A, C, D and H – which were originally identified by Dr. Guy Abraham, M.D. 'Type H' or 'PMS-H' ("Headaches, Heaviness, Hydration") is characterized by weight gain (greater than...”

Problems Caused By Being Overweight

...relationship to Menorrhagia (Heavy Periods)
“Chronic menorrhagia and PMS is usually the result of deficient progesterone secretion or constant adipose-released estradiol from obesity or recent substantial weight loss.”

Progesterone Excess

...the condition
“...These hormones are also used to counteract PMS syndrome, infertility, and pregnancy loss...”

Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance

...the condition
“...Between 40% and 60% of all women in the West suffer from PMS.  In addition, women suffer from a plethora of symptoms, some menopausal and others not...”
...recommendation Vitex / Chasteberry
“...If taken regularly for several months, it helps to restore hormonal balance and alleviate PMS symptoms.”


...the condition
“...Elevated prostaglandin levels have been observed in, for example, pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS).  Research has shown that high levels of a prostaglandin called E2 coupled with low levels of one called E1 have been seen as a major cause of certain forms of depression...”

Tendency Toward Postpartum Depression

...the condition
“...Postpartum depression is more likely if you had any of the following ... Severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS)...”

Tryptophan / 5HTP a treatment
“...It can restore serotonin levels and help improve general mood, insomnia, chronic headaches, depression, weight loss, migraines, anxiety, PMS, and Fibromyalgia...”

Vitamin E Requirement

...the condition
“...Signs and symptoms include dry skin, easy bruising, decreased clotting time, eczema, elevated indirect bilirubin, psoriasis, elevated heavy metals, PMS, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, beta thalassemia, cataracts, fibrocystic disease, benign prostatic hypertrophy, poor wound healing, hot flashes, growing pains and Osgood-Schlatter disease...”

Vitex / Chasteberry a treatment
“...Extracts of Chaste berry are "Approved" by the German Commission E for menstrual irregularities, PMS, and breast pain...”

Yeast / Candida Infection

...the condition
“...Genitourinary ... PMS...”
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