Kidney Stone

Definition of Kidney Stone:

A stone (concretion) in the kidney.  If the stone is large enough to block the tube (ureter) and stop the flow of urine from the kidney, it must be removed by surgery or other methods.  Also called Renal Calculus.  Symptoms usually begin with intense waves of pain as a stone moves in the urinary tract.  Typically, a person feels a sharp, cramping pain in the back and side in the area of the kidney or in the lower abdomen.  Sometimes nausea and vomiting occur.  Later, pain may spread to the groin.  The pain may continue if the stone is too large to pass; blood may appear in the urine and there may be the need to urinate more often or a burning sensation during urination.  If fever and chills accompany any of these symptoms, an infection may be present and a doctor should be seen immediately.

Also: Kidney Gravel, Kidney Stones

Topics Related to Kidney Stone


...the condition
“...Possible complications resulting from acidosis include ... kidney stones...”

Alcohol Consumption a treatment
“...Sensible drinking also appears to be beneficial in reducing or preventing diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, bone fractures and osteoporosis, kidney stones, digestive ailments, stress and depression, poor cognition and memory, Parkinson's disease, hepatitis A, pancreatic cancer, macular degeneration (a major cause of blindness), angina...”
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More topics Related to Kidney Stone

Alfalfa a treatment
“...The Chinese have been using Alfalfa since the 6th century to treat kidney stones, and to relieve fluid retention and swelling...”

Aneurysm / Rupture

...the condition
“...of abdominal/aortic aneurysms, a pulsating enlargement or tender mass may be felt by a physician when performing a physical examination or pain in the back, abdomen or groin may be mistaken for a kidney stone attack or a ruptured disc...”

Antibiotics a treatment
“...Depending on the type of antibiotic being used, other less common side-effects include kidney stone formation, abnormal blood clotting, sensitivity to sunlight, blood disorders, or even deafness...”

Baking Soda a treatment
“...Kidney stones (baking soda makes urine less acidic, which reduces the likelihood of uric acid kidney stone formation); Kidney repair (baking soda is commonly used in dialysis and treating kidney...”

Bariatric Surgery Complications

...the condition
“...Diarrhea (less common than constipation); Food trapping (after band surgery); Food intolerances; Dehydration; Low blood sugar; Nutritional deficiency, especially iron and calcium; Gallstones; Kidney stones; Nausea; Vomiting; Band problems (erosion, intolerance, leak, migration, slippage); Pouch dilation; Medical News Today reported in 2013 that women who have undergone weight loss surgery...”

Calcium Requirement

...the condition
“...At higher amounts, there is an increased risk of developing kidney stones.  To increase the absorption of calcium take smaller amounts more often, such as at meal-times, rather than taking one big dose...”

Chanca Piedra (Break-Stone) a treatment
“...Chanca Piedra, grown in the rainforest, has been used by Peruvian herbalist as a treatment for gallstones and kidney stones, urinary infections, hepatitis B, A, C, and antiviral applications for generations...”

Chlorophyll a treatment
“...It has been used to ... prevent formation of kidney stones...”

Chronic Renal Insufficiency

...the condition
“...Causative diseases include glomerulonephritis of any type (one of the most common causes), polycystic kidney disease, hypertension, Alport syndrome, reflux nephropathy, obstruction, kidney stones, infection, and analgesic toxicity...”


...related topic
“Cramping or spasms of a smooth muscle tube, such as the uterus (menstrual cramps) the ureters (passing kidney stones) or the stomach (stomach ache).”

Corticosteroids a treatment
“...using nasal spray forms of corticosteroids); Underactive or overactive thyroid; Liver disease; Stomach or intestine problems; Heart disease; High blood pressure; High cholesterol; Kidney disease or kidney stones; Myasthenia gravis; Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); Emotional problems; Skin conditions that cause the skin to be thinner to bruise more easily...”

Cranberry Juice a treatment
“...Rich in Vitamin C, the high amount of acid and other beneficial components in cranberry juice can help break down and prevent the formation of kidney stones.  A lesser known fact is that cranberry juice also contains components that help prevent the formation of oral bacteria that lead to gum disease and plaque...”

Fennel a treatment
“...Decoctions from the roots are prescribed for such urinary problems as kidney stones or such disorders associated with high uric acid content as gout...”

Fish Oils a treatment
“...but highly preliminary, evidence suggests that fish oil, or its constituents, might be helpful for treating depression, preventing premature birth, improving vision in premature babies, treating kidney stones, alleviating the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome, and reducing the risk of prostate cancer...”

Gallbladder Disease

...the condition
“...Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) ESWL has been used for over 15 years to break up kidney stones.  During this treatment, shock waves generated outside the body are focused on gallstones in order to fracture them into smaller particles, the size of sand granules...”
...our question about Your muscle/body fat composition
“Being thin helps you to avoid getting kidney stones or gall stones.”
...recommendation Chanca Piedra (Break-Stone)
“This South American herb is developing a reputation as a potent treatment for both kidney stones and gallstones...”

Gout / Hyperuricemia

...relationship to Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis)
“Gout (excess uric acid) is a common cause of kidney stones.”
...recommendation Conventional Drug Use
“...Therapy directed at normalizing uric acid levels in the blood should be considered for patients who have had multiple gout attacks or have developed tophi or kidney stones.  Several drugs that help the kidneys eliminate uric acid are available, such as probenecid, and a drug that blocks production of uric acid by the body, such as allopurinol...”

Gravel Root a treatment
“...Gravel Root is used primarily for kidney stones or gravel...”


...the condition
“...The levels of calcium may increase in the urine, causing kidney stones.  PTH also acts to lower blood phosphorous levels by increasing excretion of phosphorus in the urine...”

IP6 - Inositol Hexaphosphate a treatment
“...Research has shown that IP6 can help prevent kidney stone formation, complications of diabetes (i.e. cataracts, renal damage), lung fibrosis, fatty liver disease, sickle cell anemia, heart disease, high cholesterol and high triglycerides...”

Kidney Cancer

...the condition
“...Cystoscopy (to rule out blood in the urine that results from other health problems such as kidney stones or traumatic kidney injury); Fine needle aspiration...”

Kidney Disease

...recommendation Gravel Root
“Gravel root is used primarily for kidney stones or gravel.”

Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis)

...the condition
“Alternative names: Urolithiasis, Nephrolithiasis Kidney stones are painful urinary disorders that start as salt/chemical crystals which precipitate out from urine...”
...our question about Painful urination
“Painful and/or difficult urination is a common sign of a kidney stone.”
...relationship to Sarcoidosis
Kidney stone formation can be a sign.”
...relationship to Excess Protein Consumption
“High protein intakes may lead to loss of calcium, leading in turn to the development of kidney stones.”
...relationship to Hyperparathyroidism
“Increased calcium and phosphorous excretion in the urine may cause kidney stones.”
...relationship to Kidney Disease
“A kidney stone that is obstructing will cause damage to the kidneys in the long run if left untreated and may even lead to end stage kidney failure...”
...recommendation Diuretics
“Thiazides lower urinary calcium excretion, which helps prevent calcium-based kidney stone formation.”
...recommendation Increased Water Consumption
“...Adequate fluid intake helps prevent kidney stone problems by allowing most small stones to pass through.”
...recommendation Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
“Vitamin B6 deficiency leads to an increase in kidney stones as a result of elevated urinary oxalate levels...”
...recommendation Phosphorus
“Phosphorus is used clinically to treat calcium-based kidney stones.”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“A study published September, 2004 in the journal Urology suggests people prone to kidney stones should limit their intake of caffeine and cut down on the amount of coffee they drink...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“By increasing calcium solubility (especially in the urine) and reducing calcium absorption, magnesium can help prevent kidney stones, especially those composed of calcium oxalate...”
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More topics Related to Kidney Stone

Lactose Intolerance

...the condition
“...milk, especially processed cow's milk, has been linked to a variety of health problems, including: mucous production, hemoglobin loss, childhood diabetes, heart disease, atherosclerosis, arthritis, kidney stones, mood swings, depression, irritability, allergies...”

Magnesium a treatment
“...useful for: Angina, Asthma, Gall Stones, Menstrual cramps, High blood pressure, Hyperactivity, Glucose intolerance – diabetes and hypoglycemia, Fatigue, Fibromyalgia, Prevention of hearing loss, Kidney stones, Leg cramps, Migraine, Osteoporosis, PMS and Prostate health...”

Massage a treatment
“...Abdominal massage should not be done in cases of general, femoral, inguinal and umbilical hernia; inflammation of the uterus, bladder, ovaries or fallopian tubes; kidney stones; bladder or gall bladder problems; ulcers of the stomach or intestines; and pregnancy...”


...related topic
“Presence of kidney stones or gravel.”

Osteoporosis - Osteopenia

...our question about Low-carbohydrate dieting
“...People on high meat diets can lose so much calcium in the urine that it can actually solidify into kidney stones.  Over time, high animal protein intakes may leach enough calcium from the bones to increase one's risk of osteoporosis...”

Parsley a treatment
“...It reduces nausea due to upset stomach, is used to treat urinary tract infections, helps dissolve and expel gallstones and gravel, is used to prevent kidney stone formation, acts as a diuretic, increases urine volume, and is used to treat digestive weakness and bronchial and lung congestion...”


...related topic
“...This occurs in – and can even cause – alkaline urine (it's normally acidic), resulting in cloudy urine, small particle sedimentation, and the more common kinds of kidney stones.”

Polycythemia Vera

...the condition
“...The excess of red blood cells may be associated with other complications, including stomach ulcers, kidney stones or clotting in veins and arteries, which can cause heart attacks or strokes and can block blood flow to the arms and legs...”


...recommendation Vitamin D
“...Ingestion of even slightly above the recommended daily amount of Vitamin D can lead to problems with calcium metabolism in the body (possible kidney stones and irregular heart beats)...”

Pumpkin Seeds a treatment
“...Two studies performed in Thailand hinted that pumpkin seed snacks might help prevent kidney stones among children at high risk for developing them...”


...the condition
“...Prostatism and kidney stones can also cause infection as they prevent efficient flow of urine from the bladder...”
...related topic
“...It can be caused by kidney stones or an infection that has progressed up from the lower urinary tract...”

Reduced Water Consumption a treatment
“...For example, people with kidney disease, kidney stones, a history of bladder cancer, or a tendency for urinary tract infections are usually advised to drink more water...”

Short Bowel Syndrome

...the condition
“...Other complications include ... Kidney stones...”

Sjogren's Syndrome

...the condition
“... – pain in the back of the throat; Mononeuritis multiplex – weakness or paralysis of various muscles; Kidney problems (tubular interstitial nephritis, renal tubular acidosis – a risk factor for kidney stones, glomerular disease); Gastrointestinal symptoms Swallowing difficulty due to decreased saliva production; Constipation; Food intolerances; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; Heartburn...”


...related topic
“Painful, sporadic and drop-by-drop urination, caused by the presence of kidney stones, chronic inflammation such as interstitial cystitis, or urethral scar tissue.”

Test Serum Uric Acid Levels a treatment
“...For people who have uric acid kidney stones or gout, foods that are high in purine content should be avoided, including organ meats (like liver and kidneys), sardines and anchovies...”

Ulcerative Colitis

...the condition
“...of the colon such as arthritis, inflammation of the eye (posterior uveitis), liver disease (fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis), osteoporosis, skin rashes, anemia, kidney stones, carcinoma of the colon, and decreased growth, development, and failure to thrive in children...”
...relationship to Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis)
“When the immune system triggers inflammation in other parts of the body because of ulcerative colitis, kidney stones may result...”

Ultrasound Imaging a treatment
“...Ultrasound is used to provide images of the following ... kidneys (to find kidney stones, congenital defects, tumors, or swelling due to urine outflow obstruction)...”

Ultrasound Therapy a treatment
“...Ultrasound is also used for therapy (such as deep tissue heating) and treatment (such as fracture healing or breaking up kidney stones.)  There is good evidence that ultrasound improves the rate at which bone fractures unite, though the precise mechanism is unknown at the time of writing...”

Vegetarian Diet Consequences

...the condition
“...Excess protein has been linked to kidney stones, osteoporosis, and possibly heart disease and some cancers...”

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) a treatment
“...One of the main objections to mega-dose vitamin C use has been the possibility of developing kidney stones from elevated oxalic acid levels in the urine...”
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