What Causes Nightmares?
Nightmares can have various causes, ranging in severity from 'worrying' to 'very serious'. Finding the true cause means ruling out or confirming each possibility – in other words, diagnosis.
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Diagnosis is usually a complex process due to the sheer number of possible causes and related symptoms. In order to diagnose nightmares, we could:
- Research the topic
- Find a doctor with the time
- Use a diagnostic computer system.
The process is the same, whichever method is used.
Step 1: List all Possible Causes
We begin by identifying the disease conditions which have "nightmares" as a symptom. Here are five possibilities:
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Liver Congestion
Step 2: Build a Symptom Checklist
We then identify all possible symptoms and risk factors of each possible cause, and check the ones that apply:
past ecstasy use
history of elevated liver enzymes
severe afternoon/evening fatigue
history of panic attacks
pain medication use
frequent night terrors
cigarette smoke sensitivity
... and more than 100 others
Step 3: Rule Out or Confirm each Possible Cause
A differential diagnosis of your symptoms and risk factors finds the likely cause of nightmares:
|Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
|Borderline Personality Disorder
* This is a simple example to illustrate the process
Arriving at a Correct Diagnosis
is our online diagnosis tool that learns all about you through a straightforward process of multi-level questioning, providing diagnosis at the end.
In the Sleep-Related Symptoms
section of the questionnaire, The Analyst™
will ask the following question about frequency of nightmares:
How often and severely do you experience bad dreams? A nightmare is more intense than a bad dream, waking you up and causing significant emotional distress.
→ Never / don't know
→ Bad dreams under once a month / rarely nightmares
→ Monthly bad dreams / nightmares under once a month
→ Weekly bad dreams / monthly nightmares
→ Weekly/nightly/recurring nightmares
Based on your response to this question, which may indicate occasional bad dreams, occasional nightmares, regular nightmares or frequent nightmares, The Analyst™
will consider possibilities such as:
Borderline Personality Disorder
Those with borderline personality disorder suffer more from nightmares than normal. This if often due to past childhood trauma, which is also a key factor in the development of this disorder.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Nightmare disorder has been linked to PTSD. Those with PTSD may have intrusive mental images or hallucinations about a trauma, or recurrent nightmares, much more than the average person.
Concerned or curious about your health? Try The Analyst™