Evaluating your likely current (and near future) state of health means taking into account the risk factors — such as diastolic blood pressure — that affect you. Our medical diagnosis tool, The Analyst™, identifies major risk factors by asking the right questions.
Blood Pressure. What is your usual blood pressure without medication? [Bottom number, diastolic]
Possible responses:→ Don't know
→ Under 70 (low)
→ 70 to 89 (normal)
→ 90 to 100 (elevated)
→ Over 100 (very elevated)
Dehydration leads to reduced blood volume, narrowing of the blood vessels, and thickened blood, all of which can cause increased blood pressure as it becomes harder for the heart to pump blood through the blood vessels.
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) also suggests the following possibilities:
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually a hereditary disorder, although incidence of this form of cardiomyopathy may also be higher in people with hypertension. [Hypertension 1994;24(5): pp.585-90]
High blood pressure can affect the vessels in the eyes; some blood vessels can narrow and thicken / harden (arteriosclerosis). There will be flame-shaped hemorrhages and macular swelling (edema). This edema may cause distorted or decreased vision and is a condition known as hypertensive retinopathy.
Hypertension is a risk factor for reduced circulation in the brain, sometimes called ischemic vascular dementia (IVD).
High blood pressure is the main risk factor for having a stroke and those with hypertension are 8 times more likely to suffer from stroke than those with normal blood pressure. Long-term high blood pressure narrows and weakens blood vessels, including those in the brain, making it easier for them to rupture or become blocked.