Pancreas

Definition of Pancreas:

Opposite the liver and behind the stomach, the pancreas has two main functions – to manufacture various enzymes for digestion, and to release hormones to help control the body's use of carbohydrates.  It releases insulin to help each cell absorb glucose to burn as energy.  In this way, insulin controls the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood.  Proper pancreatic function is very important: too much, too little, or no insulin production can be life-threatening.  Some of the chemicals released by the pancreas are not hormones, but stimulate other glands to make hormones.  Once again, balance is necessary.  Nutritional requirements for the pancreas are many.  Research indicates that chromium vitamins C, E, B-complex, calcium, magnesium and potassium are especially important.

Also: Pancreatic

Topics Related to Pancreas

Abdomen

...related topic
“That part of the body between the chest and the hips that contains the stomach, intestines, liver, bladder, pancreas and other organs...”

Acute Bronchitis

...recommendation Digestive Enzymes
“Digestive pancreatic enzymes have been used to hasten the recovery process in both acute and chronic bronchitis...”
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More topics Related to Pancreas

Alcohol Consumption

...as a treatment
“...or preventing diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, bone fractures and osteoporosis, kidney stones, digestive ailments, stress and depression, poor cognition and memory, Parkinson's disease, hepatitis A, pancreatic cancer, macular degeneration (a major cause of blindness), angina pectoris, duodenal ulcer, erectile dysfunction, hearing loss, gallstones, liver disease and poor physical condition in...”

Allergy to Foods (Hidden)

...the condition
“...Since many food sensitivities can be due to poor digestion, hydrochloric acid and pancreatic trials are appropriate...”

Ascites

...relationship to Pancreatitis
Pancreatic ascites can be seen in people with chronic pancreatitis...”
...relationship to Cancer, General
“...Examples include ovarian cancer in particular, as well as colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer, lymphoma, lung cancer, and cancer of the uterus or liver...”

Bacterial Dysbiosis

...the condition
“...Bacterial enzymes can degrade pancreatic enzymes, damage the intestinal absorptive surface, release toxins that had previously been bound by conjugation and alter the intestinal milieu in numerous ways, some of which can be easily...”

Bile Duct Cancer

...the condition
“...Most bile duct cancers come from cancers that originated in the pancreas...”

Bladder Cancer

...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”

Bromelain

...as a treatment
“...Bromelain is used by itself, or in combination with other enzymes, in many products to aid pancreatic enzymes in digestion...”

Cancer, General

...recommendation Lycopene
“...The benefit was strongest for prostate, lung, and stomach cancers, although protective associations were also found for cancers of the pancreas, colon, rectum, esophagus, oral cavity, breast, and cervix...”
...recommendation Melatonin
“...tumors, colorectal cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, brain metastases, glioblastoma, estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer, prostate cancer, metastatic renal cancer and adenocarcinoma of the pancreas...”
...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“...study found that people who include generous amounts of fruits and vegetables in their daily diets have lower rates of cancers of the lung, breast, colon, bladder, stomach, mouth, larynx, esophagus, pancreas, and cervix compared to people who avoid such foods...”
...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

Carbohydrate Intolerance

...the condition
“...In those with carbohydrate intolerance, the enzymes that are needed to metabolize carbohydrates (such as salivary amylase, pancreatic amylase, maltose, and alpha-galactosidase) are not as abundant as they should be...”

Carcinoid Cancer

...the condition
“...endocrine-hormone producing cells that are widely distributed within the body but found in greatest amounts in the small intestine and then in decreasing amounts in the appendix, rectum, lung, pancreas and very rarely in the ovaries, testes, liver, bile ducts or other locations...”

Chromium

...as a treatment
“...Chromium supplements are either niacin-bound (preferred) or salt based, and may be included in weight loss, cholesterol reducing, or insulin (pancreas) supporting products...”

Chromogranin A (CgA) Test

...as a treatment
“...Sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors may secrete more that one peptide and this indicates worsening prognosis...”

Chymotrypsin

...related topic
“A digestive enzyme secreted by the pancreas into the small intestine which breaks down polypeptides or proteins...”

Cigarette Smoke Damage

...relationship to Pancreatic Cancer
“Cigarette smoke contains a large number of carcinogens and therefore it should come as no surprise that cigarette smoking is one of the biggest risk factors for developing pancreatic cancer...”
...relationship to Laryngeal Cancer
“...People who stop smoking can greatly reduce their risk of developing cancer of the larynx, as well as cancer of the lung, mouth, pancreas, bladder, and esophagus...”

Colon Cancer

...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

Consequences of Gallbladder Surgery

...relationship to Pancreatic Cancer
“Although there appears to be a significant risk of pancreatic cancer following gallbladder removal, there is some conflicting evidence...”

Copper

...as a treatment
“...Inadequate intake of Copper can result in such diverse symptoms as anemia, hypercholesterolemia, impaired glucose tolerance, pancreatic atrophy, cardiomyopathy, and increased mortality...”

Creatinine Monohydrate

...as a treatment
“...Creatinine is produced in our body's liver, pancreas and kidneys and is part of our body's energy cycle...”

Cushing's Syndrome / Hypercortisolism

...the condition
“...Other less common types of tumors that can produce ACTH are thymomas, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and medullary carcinomas of the thyroid...”

Cystic Fibrosis

...the condition
“...Liver disease, diabetes, inflammation of the pancreas, and gallstones also occur in some people with CF...”
...related topic
“(CF) An incurable genetic disease involving a sticky buildup of mucus in the lungs (which makes breathing difficult and leads to infections), as well as pancreatic insufficiency (which leads to digestive problems)...”
...recommendation Bile Salts
“...Pancreatic enzymes and bile salts may help...”

Dandelion

...as a treatment
“...Dandelion extracts are said to also benefit the spleen and improve the health of the pancreas...”

Diabetes Type 1.5

...the condition
“...Other medications that stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin, slow digestion of carbohydrates, or reduce excess glucose production by the liver are often effective in controlling the blood sugar for a few years...”

Diabetes Type I

...the condition
“...This happens when the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them, causing the pancreas to make little or no insulin...”

Diabetes Type II

...the condition
“...Although the pancreatic beta cells of patients with NIDDM usually continue to produce insulin, for some reason the body does not respond to the insulin effectively...”
...relationship to Hemochromatosis (Iron overload)
“Iron deposits in the pancreas decrease insulin production which can lead to insulin dependent diabetes mellitus...”
...relationship to Pancreatic Cancer
“There have been a number of reports that have suggested diabetics have an increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer...”
...recommendation Vitamin Niacinamide
“Niacinamide improves ATP mitochondrial production in the face of diabetogenic chemicals and thus allows insulin-producing cells of the pancreas to stay alive longer...”

Diarrhea

...the condition
“...The most frequent cause of maldigestion is pancreatic insufficiency caused by chronic pancreatitis...”

Digestive Enzyme (Trial)

...as a treatment
“...Source: Supplemental enzymes typically come from two sources, either extracted from the pancreas of animals or prepared from plant products...”

Digestive Enzyme Need

...the condition
“...Usually secreted by the pancreas into the small intestine, digestive enzymes are those which help to breakdown the food we eat, continuing the digestive process which began in the stomach...”
...relationship to Vitamin A Requirement
“90% of all dietary retinol is in the form retinyl palmitate which requires action by pancreatic enzymes before it can be absorbed...”
...recommendation Bromelain
“Bromelain has been used successfully as a digestive enzyme following pancreatectomy, in cases of pancreas insufficiency, and in other intestinal disorders...”

Dyspepsia / Poor Digestion

...the condition
“...Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome: Another disease of unknown cause leading to gastrin-secreting tumors in the pancreas, which promote an extreme form of peptic ulcer disease in both the stomach and duodenum...”
...recommendation Hydrochloric Acid (Trial)
“Upper digestive symptoms are often due to hydrochloric acid (HCl) or pancreatic insufficiency and it can be difficult to distinguish between the two...”

Eczema

...recommendation Hydrochloric Acid (Trial)
“If improvement isn't clear when using zinc or essential fatty acids, consider HCl and pancreatic enzymes...”

Elevated Bilirubin Levels

...relationship to Pancreatic Cancer
“Certain diseases, such as pancreatic cancer, can block the bile ducts and lead to an accumulation of bile in the body...”

Endocrine Glands

...related topic
“A set of glands including the pituitary, hypothalamus, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus and adrenal glands, as well as the pancreas, ovaries and testes...”

Endometrial Cancer

...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

Epigastric

...related topic
“...It contains the stomach, liver tip, pancreas tail, duodenum, spleen, adrenal glands, transverse colon, small intestine, the left and right kidneys, and the left and right ureters...”

Esophageal Cancer

...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

Excess Carbohydrate Consumption

...the condition
“...Over many years, these powerful surges of insulin exhaust the pancreas to the point where diabetes can develop...”

Excess Sugar Consumption

...the condition
“...Nevertheless, the pancreas secretes insulin to metabolize the glucose it is "expecting...”

Gallbladder Disease

...the condition
“...Gallstone disease is a common cause of abdominal pain, inflammation, and infection of the gallbladder and the pancreas...”
...recommendation Ultrasound Imaging
“...During the same procedure, the physician can check the liver, bile ducts, and pancreas and quickly scan the gallbladder wall for thickening (characteristic of cholecystitis)...”

Gastrointestinal

...related topic
“Pertaining to the stomach, small and large intestines, colon, rectum, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder...”

Gestational Diabetes Tendency

...relationship to Magnesium Requirement
“By impairing pancreatic insulin production, magnesium deficiency may increase the tendency towards hyperglycemia in cases of gestational diabetes...”
...relationship to Vitamin B6 Requirement
“By impairing pancreatic insulin production, vitamin B6 deficiency may increase the tendency towards hyperglycemia in cases of gestational diabetes...”
...relationship to Potassium Need
“By impairing pancreatic insulin production, potassium deficiency may increase the tendency towards hyperglycemia in cases of gestational diabetes...”
...relationship to Chromium Deficiency
“...By impairing pancreatic insulin production, chromium deficiency may increase the tendency towards hyperglycemia in gestational diabetes...”

Giardiasis Infection

...the condition
“...The low pH in the stomach and pancreatic proteases found in the proximal small intestine promote rapid breakdown of the cysts' outer walls within minutes of reaching the duodenum...”

GLA (Gamma Linolenic Acid)

...as a treatment
“...Cancer: In one study, terminally ill patients suffering from pancreatic cancer tripled their life expectancy after taking large doses of GLA...”

Gotu Kola

...as a treatment
“...Gastro-intestinal: Worms; hypochlorhydria; deficient pancreatic exocrine function; anal fissures; peptic ulcers...”

Green Tea

...as a treatment
“...Studies indicate that green tea may help protect against cancers of the lungs, skin, liver, pancreas and stomach; it also boosts cardiovascular health and may work as a weight-loss agent by increasing fat metabolism and regulating blood sugar and insulin levels...”

Gymnena Sylvestre

...as a treatment
“...It accomplishes this by repairing and regenerating the insulin producing cells in the pancreas...”
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More topics Related to Pancreas

Hyperparathyroidism

...the condition
“...Familial endocrine neoplasia type I is one rare inherited syndrome that affects the parathyroids as well as the pancreas and the pituitary gland...”

Hypoglycemia

...the condition
“...Possible cause of this response is gastric dumping, too large an insulin response (pancreatic problems) and glucose tolerance factor problems (liver problems)...”

Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)

...the condition
“...disorders; nutritional diseases amyloidosis; vitamin deficiencies; spinal cord injuries; Adrenal failure (Addisonian crisis); and neuropathies associated with cancer, particularly lung cancer or pancreatic cancer...”

Insulin

...related topic
“A hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to elevated blood glucose levels...”

Insulin Therapy

...as a treatment
“...In humans, insulin deprivation due to the removal or destruction of the pancreas leads to death in days or at most weeks...”

Intestinal Malabsorption Syndrome

...the condition
“...Causes and Development: The many possible causes of malabsorption include ... Insufficiency of the pancreas (e.g. after pancreatitis or in cystic fibrosis)...”

Intestinal Obstruction

...the condition
“...Increased serum amylase indicates bowel infarction, secondary pancreatitis, and leakage of pancreatic amylase into the peritoneum and bloodstream...”

Kidney Cancer

...the condition
“...Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome is a disease that causes multiple tumors of the brain, spine, eyes, adrenal glands, pancreas, inner ear, testicles, and kidneys...”
...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”

Laryngeal Cancer

...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

LDN - Low Dose Naltrexone

...as a treatment
“... ... Pancreatic Cancer...”

Left Hypochondriac

...related topic
“...It contains the spleen, left kidney, pancreas, stomach, liver tip, pancreas tail, descending colon, transverse colon, and small intestine...”

Leucine

...related topic
“...It cannot be synthesized by the body and is obtained by the hydrolysis of food protein during pancreatic enzyme digestion...”

Lipase

...as a treatment
“...Most often used in digestive enzyme preparations, lipase, or the pancreatic derived pancrelipase, helps the body break down the fat in the small intestines...”
...related topic
“An enzyme secreted by the pancreas to assist in fat breakdown...”

Liver Function Test Requirement

...the condition
“...This enzyme is produced by the liver, pancreas, and kidneys and released into the blood when these organs are injured...”

Low Back Pain

...recommendation Digestive Enzymes
“Some find help from using digestive or pancreatic enzymes or bromelain/curcumin as anti-inflammatory agents that reduce swelling and help clear away debris...”

Lycopene

...as a treatment
“...Lycopene may also be protective against pancreatic cancer...”

Manganese

...as a treatment
“...Manganese is predominantly stored in the bones, liver, kidney, and pancreas...”

Manganese Requirement

...the condition
“...weakness, seizures, atherosclerosis, confusion, convulsions, eye problems, hearing problems, heart disorders, high cholesterol levels, hypertension, irritability, memory loss, muscle contractions, pancreatic damage, profuse perspiration, rapid pulse, tooth-grinding, tremors, fatigue, and osteoporosis...”

Multiple Myeloma

...recommendation Digestive Enzymes
“166 subjects with multiple myeloma who took 2 Wobe-Mugos tablets (pancreatic enzymes) tid for the first year and then 1 tablet tid for the second year of the study, along with conventional treatment, experienced an extended lifespan (for stage III myeloma) from 47...”

Mumps

...related topic
“...A mild child's infection that is not properly monitored holds the potential for pancreatic or meningeal complications...”

Ovarian Cancer

...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”
...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”

Pancreatic Cancer

...the condition
“Alternative Names: Carcinoma of the Pancreas, Pancreatic Carcinoma Cancer of the pancreas is both an acquired and a genetic disease...”
...our question about How much coffee you drink
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”
...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”
...recommendation Digestive Enzymes
“Although the body of evidence is small, an alternative treatment for pancreatic cancer has brought hope to a handful of patients and caught the attention of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) which is funding a five-year clinical trial...”
...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“Diets high in meats, fried foods and nitrosamines may increase the risk, while diets high in fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer...”
...recommendation Caffeine/Coffee Avoidance
“Studies linking coffee consumption with cancer are conflicting and inconclusive at this point, but there is a suggestion of a higher incidence of cancers of the pancreas, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys in coffee drinkers...”

Pancreatitis

...the condition
Pancreatic enzymes play an important role in digestion...”
...related topic
“Inflammation of the pancreas...”
...our question about Duration of current nausea episodes
“Most cases of acute pancreatitis resolve within a week; chronic pancreatitis does not resolve itself and results in a slow destruction of the pancreas...”
...relationship to Pancreatic Cancer
“Long-term pancreatitis has been linked to an increased risk of pancreatic cancer...”

Parasite Infection

...the condition
“...The various species of flukes – tiny flat worms that look like odd-shaped pancakes – include blood flukes, fish flukes, intestinal flukes, liver flukes, lung flukes, lymph flukes and pancreatic flukes...”

Peritonitis

...the condition
“...The condition can also occur when pancreatic enzymes leak into the peritoneum during pancreatitis or when bile leaks from the biliary tract due to injury because these chemicals can irritate the peritoneum...”

Periumbilical

...related topic
“...It contains the umbilicus, jejunum, ileum, duodenum, stomach, small intestines, pancreas, transverse colon, left and right kidneys, and the left and right ureters...”

Poor Small Intestine Health

...the condition
“...Lipase, amylase, trypsin, chymotrypsin and sodium bicarbonate are received from the pancreas upon hormonal signals from pancreozymin and other hormones (produced in the small intestine) and neural signals from the vagus nerve...”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS C (Craving)

...the condition
“...Sodium chloride enhances insulin response to glucose ingestion, and decreased pancreatic magnesium levels result in increased secretion of insulin in response to glucose...”

Problems Associated With Lack Of Exercise

...relationship to Prostate Cancer
“Physical activity appears to decrease the risk of pancreatic cancer, especially among those who are overweight...”

Problems Caused By Being Overweight

...relationship to Pancreatic Cancer
“At least two studies have found that obesity significantly increases one's risk of developing pancreatic cancer...”

Rapid Stomach Emptying (Gastric Dumping)

...the condition
“...(Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is a rare disorder involving extreme peptic ulcer disease and gastrin-secreting tumors in the pancreas...”

Rectal Cancer

...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

Rosacea

...recommendation Digestive Enzyme (Trial)
“Rosacea patients often have a reduced secretion of pancreatic lipase, an enzyme which aids in fat digestion...”

Selenium

...related topic
“...It also aids in the function of the pancreas, provides elasticity to tissues and helps cells defend themselves against damage from oxidation...”

Sjogren's Syndrome

...the condition
“...The disease can affect other glands too, such as those in the stomach, pancreas and intestines, and can cause dryness in other places that need moisture, such as the nose, throat, airways, vagina and skin...”

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

...the condition
“Alternative Names: SOD The Sphincter of Oddi is a smooth muscular valve surrounding the shared end of the bile and pancreatic ducts...”

Steatorrhea

...the condition
“...Digestive disorders affect the production and release of the enzyme lipase from the pancreas, or bile from the liver, which are substances that aid digestion of fats; absorptive disorders disturb the absorptive and enzyme functions of the intestine...”
...our question about Undigested fat in stools
“...When secretions from the pancreas and liver are adequate, emulsified dietary fats are almost completely absorbed in the small intestine...”
...relationship to Cystic Fibrosis
“...Cystic fibrosis interferes with the ability of the pancreas to secrete digestive enzymes: fat is normally broken down by lipase, a digestive enzyme that is produced and secreted by the pancreas...”

Stiff Man Syndrome

...the condition
“...Stiff person syndrome has also been associated with diabetes mellitus and ICA 105 pancreatic autoantigen with and without the presence of anti-GAD antibodies...”

Stomach Cancer

...recommendation Increased Fish Consumption
“Study subjects who ate two or more servings of fish weekly had a much lower risk for esophageal, stomach, colon, rectum, and pancreatic cancers than those who avoided fish...”

Stool Exam

...as a treatment
“...Why it is Recommended: Stool analysis is used for the following ... Diagnosing diseases of the digestive tract, liver, and pancreas...”

Stress

...relationship to Gastric/Peptic/Duodenal Ulcers
“...A deficiency of pancreatic juices to neutralize the acid chyme from the stomach, or stress causing sympathetic inhibition of enzyme secretion can lead to duodenal ulcer formation...”

Syndrome X / Metabolic Syndrome

...relationship to Diabetes Type II
“In advanced stages of Syndrome X, when the pancreas can no longer keep up, diabetes II may develop...”

Thymic Factors

...as a treatment
“...Modern medicine replaces the thyroid gland with thyroid hormone, the adrenal gland with cortisone, the pancreas gland with insulin, and the ovaries with estrogen and progesterone...”

Trichotillomania

...the condition
“...Liver and pancreas functions can be adversely altered...”

Trypsin

...as a treatment
“...Trypsinogen (an inactive form) is formed in the pancreas, while the conversion to trypsin takes place in the small intestines where trypsin acts to help digest proteins...”

Ulcerative Colitis

...recommendation Digestive Enzyme (Trial)
“Stool analysis or a pancreatic trial will reveal if pancreatic enzymes are necessary...”

Ultrasound Imaging

...as a treatment
“...Ultrasound is used to provide images of the following ... pancreas (when cysts, tumors, or pancreatitis are suspected)...”

Yeast / Candida Infection

...the condition
“...Check for hypochlorhydria and pancreatic adequacy...”
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