Non-Specific Arm Pain

What Causes Arm Pain?

Arm pain can have various causes, ranging in severity from 'troubling' to 'critical'.  Finding the true cause means ruling out or confirming each possibility – in other words, diagnosis.

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Diagnosis is usually a complex process due to the sheer number of possible causes and related symptoms.  In order to diagnose arm pain, we could:

  • Research the topic
  • Find a doctor with the time
  • Use a diagnostic computer system.
The process is the same, whichever method is used.

Step 1: List all Possible Causes

We begin by identifying the disease conditions which have "arm pain" as a symptom.  Here are eight of many possibilities (more below):
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • T4 Syndrome
  • Chronic Fatigue-Fibromyalgia
  • Periarteritis
  • Heart Disease
  • Herniated Cervical Disc
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Compartment Syndrome

Step 2: Build a Symptom Checklist

We then identify all possible symptoms and risk factors of each possible cause, and check the ones that apply:
morning stiffness for 45-120 minutes
very angry/hostile disposition
leg/foot cramps
having foamy urine
male pattern hair loss
brittle fingernails
multiple swollen axillary nodes
history of tinnitus
discontinued calcium supplementation
fatigue after slight exertion
appendix removed before age 20
heart attack(s) in father
... and more than 60 others

Step 3: Rule Out or Confirm each Possible Cause

A differential diagnosis of your symptoms and risk factors finds the likely cause of arm pain:
Cause Probability Status
Chronic Fatigue-Fibromyalgia 94% Confirm
Herniated Cervical Disc 23% Unlikely
Heart Disease 18% Unlikely
T4 Syndrome 0% Ruled out
Periarteritis 0% Ruled out
Osteomyelitis 0% Ruled out
Compartment Syndrome 0% Ruled out
Peripheral Vascular Disease 0% Ruled out
* This is a simple example to illustrate the process

Arriving at a Correct Diagnosis

The Analyst™ is our online diagnosis tool that learns all about you through a straightforward process of multi-level questioning, providing diagnosis at the end.

If you indicate problems with limbs, The Analyst™ will ask further questions including this one:
Do you suffer from pain in your arms that is hard to pinpoint?
Possible responses:
→ Don't know
→ No
→ Yes, slight
→ Yes, moderate
→ Yes, severe
Based on your response to this question, which may indicate absence of non-specific arm pain, non-specific arm pain or severe non-specific arm pain, The Analyst™ will consider possibilities such as:
Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome usually occurs in the legs, but very occasionally affects the arms.

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

Arm pain, usually in the left arm, can signal a heart attack or impending heart attack.

Osteoarthritis

Degenerative wear and tear may affect the ligaments and musculature surrounding the elbow, resulting in chronic diffuse arm pain or pain that is poorly defined about the elbow.

Torticollis (Loxia, "Wryneck")

The pain of torticollis may spread to the arms or hands.

Concerned or curious about your health?  Try The Analyst™
Symptom Entry
Symptom Entry
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