Alternative names: Rose Hip, Rose Hips, Hipberries.
The ovoid fruits of the rosebush (Rosa species) are known as Rosehips. Turning red in the fall, after the petals have released, they can contain up to 1.25% vitamin C. Other constituents include carotenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, sugars and plant acids (citric and malic).
There are many different species of roses, each with a slightly different set of secondary metabolites.
The use of rosehips has primarily been for its vitamin C content, either in supplements (capsules, tablets) or teas. The amount of vitamin C in rosehips is not enough to act a supplement, and ascorbic acid is often added to increase vitamin C content in rosehip-containing supplements. Freshly ground, dried rosehips are still a pleasant addition to any herbal tea.
Rose hips can be used as an infusion or solid extract.
May 19, 2008: Scientists have found that powder made from a wild variety of rosehip, Rosa canina, is better at reducing the pain of osteoarthritis than paracetamol.
A review of studies, published in the medical journal, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, looked at the effect of the powder on more than 300 patients who were given different pain-relieving medications for an average of three months. They found that rosehip was almost three times more effective than standard paracetamol at relieving pain. It was also almost 40% more effective than another common therapy, the drug glucosamine. Rosehip powder also did not have the side-effects associated with other pain medications, including constipation and drowsiness.
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