Stress fractures can have various causes, ranging in severity from 'troubling' to 'serious'. Finding the true cause means ruling out or confirming each possibility – in other words, diagnosis.
Diagnosis is usually a complex process due to the sheer number of possible causes and related symptoms. In order to diagnose stress fractures, we could:
|Poor Bone Health||90%||Confirm|
|Poor Musculoskeletal Health||3%||Ruled out|
Do you have a history of stress fractures? Symptoms include pain, tenderness and/or swelling at the site of injury, and pain that is worse during exercise but decreases or disappears with rest.
Possible responses:→ No / don't know
→ Probably, but it was never confirmed
→ Yes, one
→ Yes, several
Female athletes with abnormal or absent periods might have weakened bones. One study showed that 39% of female athletes with irregular menstruation develop stress fractures.
Stress fractures are small cracks or severe bruises within a bone and by definition indicate poor musculoskeletal health.
The most common mistake that athletes make is increasing their training by too much, too quickly. Adding jumping or speed training and/or increasing your overall mileage too quickly can lead to stress fractures. Changes in training should be done gradually.