Adrenal Cortex

Definition of Adrenal Cortex:

The outer covering of the two adrenal glands that lie atop each kidney.  Embryonically derived from gonad tissue, they make steroid hormones that control electrolytes, the management of fuels, the rate of anabolism, mineral metabolism, glucose metabolism, the general response to stress, and maintenance of nonspecific resistance.

Topics Related to Adrenal Cortex

Addison's Disease

...the condition
“Addison's disease is a severe or total deficiency of the hormones made in the adrenal cortex, caused by a destruction of the adrenal cortex...”
...related topic
“A condition characterized by the chronic destruction of the adrenal cortex, which leads to an increased loss of sodium and water in the urine, muscle weakness and low blood pressure...”
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More topics Related to Adrenal Cortex


...related topic
“A steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that helps the kidneys regulate the amount of salt and water in your body and, thus, regulate your blood pressure...”

Astragalus Root a treatment
“...Astragalus root is also said to protect the adrenal cortex, the gland that produces hormones related to stress...”


...related topic
“Steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex.”

Low Adrenal Function / Adrenal Insufficiency

...the condition
“...The adrenal cortex is involved in the production of glucocorticoids (such as cortisol, i.e. hydrocortisone), mineralocorticoids (aldosterone) and androgens such as androstenedione and DHEA...”
...our question about Hot flashes
“...Hot flashes during menses may be a symptom of mild adrenal cortex deficiency.”
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More topics Related to Adrenal Cortex


...related topic
“One of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences salt (sodium, potassium) metabolism.”

Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Headache)

...the condition
“...Aldosterone excess during the luteal phase of PMS-H patients may arise due to any of the following factors ... Stress – aldosterone is secreted by the adrenal cortex under the control of ACTH, which is secreted by the pituitary in response to stress, high serotonin levels and angiotensin II...”
...recommendation Magnesium
“A deficiency in magnesium causes hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex, elevated aldosterone levels, and increased extracellular fluid volume...”

Test Adrenal Function a treatment
“...ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol...”
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