Glossary Of Terms Starting With
-E-

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Medical definitions of terms starting with 'E'

Earlobe:
The soft, fleshy, pendulous lower part of the external ear.
Earlobes:
See Earlobe.
Edematous Dermatitis:
Skin irritation marked by an accumulation of watery fluid.
EEG:
A test that measures the electrical activity of the brain.

More medical terms starting with 'E'

Electroencephalogram:
See EEG.
Electromyography:
See EMG.
Embrocation:
Liniment; external application of a liniment.
Embryotoxic:
Poisonous to the developing embryo.
EMG:
A laboratory test of nerve and muscle function.
Emotional Stability:
The ability to control emotions (fear, anger, frustration, excitement etc.), while still feeling them and understanding the reasons behind them.
Endangiitis Obliterans:
Inflammation of the inner blood vessel membrane leading to vessel occlusion.
Endocrine Glands:
A set of glands including the pituitary, hypothalamus, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus and adrenal glands, as well as the pancreas, ovaries and testes.
Endogenous:
From within the body, either a native function or the product of the extended colony.  Normal flora in the colon are considered endogenous.
Endothelia:
See Endothelium.
Endothelial:
See Endothelium.
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More medical terms starting with 'E'

Endothelioid:
See Endothelium.
Endothelium:
A thin layer of flat epithelial cells that lines serous cavities, lymph vessels, and blood vessels.
Enzyme:
See Enzymes.
Enzymes:
Specific protein catalysts produced by the cells that are crucial in chemical reactions and in building up or synthesizing most compounds in the body.  Each enzyme performs a specific function without itself being consumed.  For example, the digestive enzyme amylase acts on carbohydrates in foods to break them down.
EPA:
Environmental Protection Agency.  Also: Eicosapentanoic Acid.  A metabolite of the omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid.
Epicondylitis:
Infection or inflammation of a projection from a long bone near the extremity.
Epidemic:
Describes a disease occurring in extensive outbreaks, or with an unusually high incidence at certain times and places.
Epidemiology:
The study of the causes and distribution of disease in human populations.
Epilemma:
Interstitial sheath-like connective tissue in a peripheral nerve that separates the individual nerve fibers.
Epithelial:
Referring to the cells that line and protect the external and internal surfaces of the body.  Epithelial cells form epithelial tissues such as skin and mucous membranes.
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More medical terms starting with 'E'

Etiologies:
See Etiology.
Etiology:
The cause or origin of a disease.
Exanthem:
Rash, symptomatic of viral or bacterial diseases.
Excision:
Surgical cutting away and/or taking out.
Exhausted:
See Exhaustion.
Exhaustion:
A state of extreme mental or physical fatigue; the state of being drained, emptied, or consumed.
Exogenous:
Arising from the outside; the opposite of endogenous.
Extrasystole:
An ectopic or asynchronous beat from any source in the heart.
Exudates:
The feral and congested fluids built up in a bruise or infection.  Unlike a transudate, which is merely edema from lymphatic congestion, exudates contain dead cells, erythrocytes, white blood cells and often pus.
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