Progesterone

Definition of Progesterone:
This is the hormone secreted after ovulation by the corpus luteum.  It is a steroid (similar to a cholesterol), enters receptive cells to stimulate their growth, and acts as an anabolic agent.  Estrogen should be viewed as the primary coat underneath all the cycles during a woman's reproductive years, with progesterone, its antagonist, surging for ten or twelve days in ovulatory months.  Most of the actions of progesterone cannot occur without estrogen having previously induced the growth of progesterone-receptive binding sites.

Topics Related to Progesterone

Birth Control Pill Issues
The Condition
“Birth control pills may contain varying levels of estrogens and progestins (not natural progesterone) and different preparations can affect nutrients differently...”
Breast Cancer
Recommendation Test for Hormones
“Testing for estrogen, progesterone and testosterone may help to properly evaluate breast and ovarian cancer risk...”
Bursitis
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Topical progesterone has been reported to be useful in alleviating symptoms...”

More topics Related to Progesterone

Cold Hands and Feet “Cold hands and feet, often caused by low thyroid function, may be a symptom of estrogen excess or low progesterone influencing thyroid function...”
Condom Use
As A Treatment
“...This protection, however, is not perfect and is less effective than birth control pills, IUDs, or progesterone implants at preventing pregnancy...”
Corpus Luteum
Related Topic
“...It produces high volume of progesterone and moderate levels of estrogen (estradiol)...”
Depression
Recommendation Tryptophan / 5HTP
“...Progesterone and hydrocortisone decrease its conversion...”
Edema (Water Retention) Progesterone has also been used in the treatment of idiopathic edema under the premise that some women with idiopathic edema either do not ovulate or have a luteal phase deficiency...”
Elevated Cortisol Levels “If a woman is not ovulating she may have lower estrogen and progesterone levels...”
Endometrial Hyperplasia
The Condition
“...Causes and Development: Hyperplasia usually develops in the presence of continuous estrogen stimulation unopposed by progesterone...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“The addition of progesterone or resumption of ovulation (which produces progesterone) can eliminate the hyperplasia...”
Endometriosis
Related Topic
“...Unlike the normal tissue lining the uterus, ectopic tissue has no place to shed in response to a decline in estrogen and progesterone...”
Recommendation Test for Hormones
“Estrogen excess or progesterone deficiency may contribute to the severity of the symptoms...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
Progesterone intravaginally can reduce the bleeding and pain associated with endometriosis...”
Enlarged Prostate
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Males also produce progesterone, although only about half as much as females do...”
Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)
Recommendation Test for Hormones
“...(total and free), DHT, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), estradiol, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin (best taken at 9am to avoid diurnal variations), progesterone and a PSA test for prostate cancer...”
Estrogen Replacement
As A Treatment
“...Therefore, for patients who still have a uterus, estrogen is often prescribed in combination with progesterone, which controls that effect and protects from endometrial abnormalities...”
Estrogen-balancing Medications
As A Treatment
“...Progesterone topically and/or intravaginally can be helpful, but progesterone levels cannot be predicted accurately in woman with fibroids...”
Estrogens Low
Our Question about Fatigue after light exertion
“Lethargy and lack of vitality are early signs that your anti-aging hormones (such as estrogen and progesterone) are diminishing...”
Female Infertility
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
Progesterone is an important hormone in preventing miscarriage...”
Fibrocystic Breast Disease
The Condition
“...Estrogens and progesterone are sometimes considered antagonistic hormones...” “The administration of natural progesterone is suggested by Dr...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Natural progesterone can be effective in treating fibrocystic breast disease...”
Fibroids
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Though systemic progesterone use is often indicated, intravaginal application of progesterone cream may provide higher doses to the area needing it, and counter an estrogen dominance at the site...”
Gonads
Related Topic
“...These include estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone...”
Hormone Imbalance “Hormonal fluctuations such as those occurring with pregnancy or at the start of a menstrual period (these raise progesterone levels) can slow down gut motility and cause food to pass more slowly through the digestive system, sometimes causing bloating and/or constipation...”
Hormones
Related Topic
“...Examples include adrenal hormones such as corticosteroids and aldosterone; glucagon, growth hormone, insulin, testosterone, estrogens, progestins, progesterone, DHEA, melatonin, and thyroid hormones such as thyroxine and calcitonin...”
Hypopituitarism
The Condition
“...Estrogen should be replaced along with progesterone...”
Hypothyroidism Progesterone increases sensitivity of estrogen receptors, and can therefore redirect estrogen activity and inhibit many of unopposed estrogen's undesirable side-effects, which includes interference...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Within weeks of using adequate natural progesterone cream, symptoms of hypothyroidism may disappear...”
Immune System Imbalance (TH2 Dominance)
The Condition
“...high in trans-fatty acids and linoleic acid (safflower, soy, canola, corn and sunflower), glucose (white sugar), asbestos, lead, mercury and other heavy metals, pesticides, air and water pollutants, progesterone, prednisone, morphine, tobacco, cortisol (in high doses), HIV, candida albicans, HCV, E coli and many other pathogens, continuous stress, thalidomide, UV-B light, pregnancy, melatonin...”
Low Adrenal Function / Adrenal Insufficiency
Recommendation Licorice Root
“...The only known readily available inhibitors of the enzyme that deactivates cortisol (11 beta-HSD) are glycyrrhizic acid (found in licorice root extract), progesterone, and flavonoids (in grapefruit)...”
Low Pregnenolone Level
The Condition
“...All steroid hormones in the body (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA, aldosterone, cortisol, etc...”
Low Sex Drive “Loss of sex drive often correlates with a progesterone deficiency, not an estrogen deficiency...”
Low Total Cholesterol “Cholesterol is the raw material used to make progesterone, and is therefore a precursor...”
Luteinizing Hormone
Related Topic
“Anterior pituitary hormone stimulating estrogen production by the ovary; promoting formation of progesterone by the corpus luteum in women and stimulating testosterone release in men...”
Maca
As A Treatment
“...The supposed mechanism of action is by normalizing steroid hormones such as testosterone, progesterone and estrogen...”
Male Breast Cancer
The Condition
“...Androgen (and possibly progesterone) exert a protective influence...”
Melatonin
As A Treatment
“...If you take too much melatonin, you may experience the following effects ... Decreased estrogen and progesterone levels...”
Menopausal Issues
The Condition
“...The use of natural estrogens and progesterone is important in some women at menopause, when troubling symptoms continue...”
Recommendation Vitex / Chasteberry
“Low levels of progesterone are believed to contribute significantly to menopausal symptoms...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Natural progesterone can protect against facial hair and male pattern baldness that some women have after menopause...”
Recommendation Test for Hormones
“Checking primarily for estrogens and progesterone at this time of life, with subsequent hormone balancing, can provide both immediate and long-term benefit...”
Menorrhagia (Heavy Periods)
The Condition
“...Heavy bleeding can be caused by too much estrogen or possibly too little progesterone...” “In a normal menstrual cycle, estrogen and progesterone regulate the buildup of the endometrium (uterine lining of blood and tissue), which is shed each month during menstruation...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“If progesterone levels are low or estrogen levels too high, avoid unnecessary estrogen use...”
Menstruation
Related Topic
“...It is caused by a sudden reduction in estrogens and progesterone...”
Metrorrhagia
The Condition
“...Anovulatory or estrogen breakthrough bleeding is caused by the production of estrogen without normal surges of luteinizing hormone (LH) and secretion of progesterone from the corpus luteum...”
Recommendation Vitex / Chasteberry
“...Vitex indirectly promotes progesterone in cases of excess estrogen...”
Multiple Sclerosis Progesterone has been shown in animal studies to promote the formation of new myelin sheaths [Human Reproduction 2000 Jun;15 Suppl 1: pp...”
Natural Progesterone
As A Treatment
“Natural progesterone, a cholesterol derivative, is made from wild Mexican yams or soybeans whose active ingredients are an exact molecular match of the body's own progesterone...”
Osteoarthritis
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Topical progesterone has been reported to be useful in alleviating symptoms...”
Osteoporosis - Osteopenia
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Estrogen and progesterone are known to provide benefit...”
Recommendation Estrogen Replacement
“...During this period of time, estrogen replacement is somewhat effective in preventing bone breakdown, but progesterone is needed for creating new bone...”
Ovarian Cancer
Recommendation Test for Hormones
“Testing for estrogens and progesterone may help to properly evaluate breast and ovarian cancer risk as some estrogens will promote risk while progesterone may protect against this cancer risk...”
Ovarian Cysts
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Intravaginal application of progesterone creme provides higher doses where needed in cases of endometriosis, fibroids and ovarian cysts...”
Panic Attacks “It has been reported that women with low progesterone levels experience less intense or less frequent panic attacks after progesterone supplementation...”
Perimenopausal Issues
The Condition
“...For women at midlife, the interplay between two primary female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, often becomes important...”
Phlebitis / Thrombophlebitis
The Condition
“...The use of progestins (synthetic progesterones, but not natural progesterone) will increase the likelihood of deep vein thrombophlebitis by 3 to 4 times...”
Our Question about Progestin use
“The use of synthetic progesterones (progestins) -- but not natural progesterone -- will increase the likelihood of deep vein thrombophlebitis by 3 to 4 times...”
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
The Condition
“...They also produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Many women with PCOS have had success using progesterone cream to help produce regular periods...”
Postmenopausal Issues
The Condition
“...Adequate estrogen reduces bone breakdown while adequate progesterone encourages new bone growth...”
Pregnenolone
As A Treatment
“...Pregnenolone is the basic precursor - or starting raw material - for the production of ALL the human steroid hormones, including DHEA, progesterone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisol and aldosterone, and as such is often referred to as "The Mother Hormone" or the next "up and coming" anti-aging hormone...”
Premature Hair Graying
Relationship to Premature/Signs of Aging
“...Sex steroids such as estrogens and progesterone stimulate the function of melanocytes...”
Premature/Signs of Aging
Recommendation Test for Hormones
“...The hormones most likely to be involved include estrogens, progesterone, testosterone and DHEA...”
Premenstrual Syndrome
Relationship to Low Melatonin Level
“Melatonin can exhibit strong effects on the reproductive system, and the activity of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone is closely tied with its regulation of the sleep-wake cycle...” “Vitamin B6 is effective for PMS symptoms because it reduces estrogen while raising progesterone levels...”
Premenstrual Syndrome PMS A (Anxiety)
The Condition
“PMS-A is the most common PMS symptom category and is related most strongly to an estrogen excess and progesterone deficiency in the luteal phase...”
Premenstrual Syndrome PMS D (Depression)
The Condition
“...The decreased ovarian estrogen output in the luteal phase has been attributed to a stress-induced increase in adrenal androgens and/or progesterone...”
Recommendation against Natural Progesterone
“In patients with PMS Type D, progesterone levels may be elevated...”
Recommendation Magnesium
“Lead blocks the binding of estrogen to receptor sites and but has no effect on progesterone...”
Problems Caused By Being Overweight “Chronic menorrhagia and PMS is usually the result of deficient progesterone secretion or constant adipose-released estradiol from obesity or recent substantial weight loss...”
Progesterone Excess
The Condition
Progesterone, like all hormones, needs to be in balance to ensure proper health...”
Our Question about Oral progesterone use
Progesterone in high doses can cause side-effects...”
Progesterone Low or Estrogen Dominance
The Condition
“...[1] Without ovulation, no corpus luteum results and no progesterone is made...”
Our Question about the thickness of your scalp hairs
Progesterone helps prevent excess production of the hormone DHT, which is directly involved in hair thinning...”
Relationship to Endometrial Cancer
“High levels of estrogen without opposing progesterone can increase the risk of endometrial cancer...” “...Specifically, it produces androgen, estrogen and progesterone...”
Recommendation Vitex / Chasteberry
“Vitex increases luteinizing hormone production while inhibiting the release of follicle stimulating hormone, leading to an indirect increase in progesterone and a normalization of prolactin levels...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Estrogens and progesterone tend to be antagonistic hormones, each balancing the other...”
Prostate Cancer
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“... the author of several books including What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Menopause, has found that progesterone for men is one of the most effective treatments for prostate cancer...”
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Topical progesterone has been reported to be useful in alleviating symptoms...”
Stress “Stress increases cortisol production; cortisol blockades (competes for) progesterone receptors...”
Susceptibility To Miscarriages
The Condition
“...Progesterone level low accounts for 20%...”
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
Progesterone is responsible for maintaining the uterus lining which is necessary for the survival of the embryo as well as the developing fetus throughout gestation...”
Tendency Toward Postpartum Depression
The Condition
“...Progesterone and hydrocortisone decrease its conversion...”
Recommendation Tryptophan / 5HTP
“...Progesterone and hydrocortisone decrease its conversion...”
Tendonitis
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
Progesterone (especially when mixed with vitamin E) has been used topically for the relief of tendonitis pain...”
Test for Hormones
As A Treatment
“Hormone testing for sex hormones such as estrogens, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA, LH, FSH, prolactin and binding globulins (SHBG) is an important step in determining hormone abnormalities that may be causing or contributing to symptoms...”
Testosterone
As A Treatment
“...For women, testosterone in a smaller dose is usually added to the estrogen (Estratest) or in a combination with estrogen and progesterone by a compounding pharmacy...”
Thymic Factors
As A Treatment
“...Modern medicine replaces the thyroid gland with thyroid hormone, the adrenal gland with cortisone, the pancreas gland with insulin, and the ovaries with estrogen and progesterone...”
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Relationship to Progesterone Excess
“One mysterious effect in the progesterone intolerant women is bladder problems...”
Vaginal Dryness
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Some cases of vaginal dryness will improve with progesterone but small amounts of supplemental estrogen may be required...”
Varicose Veins
Recommendation Natural Progesterone
“Topical progesterone has been reported to provide some benefit...”
Vitamin B3 Requirement
The Condition
“...Vitamin B3 is necessary for the manufacture of the hormones cortisone, thyroxine, insulin, and the sex hormones estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone...”
Vitex / Chasteberry
As A Treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Many menstrual problems can be traced to deficient progesterone production during the second half of the menstrual cycle, also called the luteal phase...”