Episodes Of Confusion/Disorientation

What Causes Confusion Or Disorientation?

Confusion or disorientation can have various causes, ranging in severity from 'minor' to 'generally fatal'.  Finding the true cause means ruling out or confirming each possibility – in other words, diagnosis.

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Diagnosis is usually a complex process due to the sheer number of possible causes and related symptoms.  In order to diagnose confusion or disorientation, we could:

  • Research the topic
  • Find a doctor with the time
  • Use a diagnostic computer system.
The process is the same, whichever method is used.

Step 1: List all Possible Causes

We begin by identifying the disease conditions which have "confusion or disorientation" as a symptom.  Here are eight of many possibilities (more below):
  • Epstein-Barr Virus
  • Electrical Hypersensitivity
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Low Carbohydrate Diet Consequences
  • Excess Water Consumption
  • West Nile Virus
  • Aspartame/Neotame Side-Effects
  • Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis)

Step 2: Build a Symptom Checklist

We then identify all possible symptoms and risk factors of each possible cause, and check the ones that apply:
poor tolerance of heat
unexplained high fevers
major unexplained weight gain
major unexplained weight loss
blood transfusions
recent loss/regaining of appetite
shortness of breath when at rest
frequent sore throats
poor cold weather tolerance
severe emotional instability
frequent painful cervical nodes
... and more than 80 others

Step 3: Rule Out or Confirm each Possible Cause

A differential diagnosis of your symptoms and risk factors finds the likely cause of confusion or disorientation:
Cause Probability Status
Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis) 95% Confirm
Excess Water Consumption 29% Unlikely
Electrical Hypersensitivity 27% Unlikely
Hyperparathyroidism 0% Ruled out
Epstein-Barr Virus 0% Ruled out
Aspartame/Neotame Side-Effects 0% Ruled out
Low Carbohydrate Diet Consequences 0% Ruled out
West Nile Virus 0% Ruled out
* This is a simple example to illustrate the process

Arriving at a Correct Diagnosis

The Analyst™ is our online diagnosis tool that learns all about you through a straightforward process of multi-level questioning, providing diagnosis at the end.

If you indicate unusual mental conditions/symptoms, The Analyst™ will ask further questions including this one:
Do you suffer from episodes of confusion or disorientation?
Possible responses:
→ Don't know
→ No
→ Occasionally
→ Often
Based on your response to this question, which may indicate no confusion/disorientation, occasional confusion/disorientation or frequent confusion/disorientation, The Analyst™ will consider possibilities such as:
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