|Chronic Renal Insufficiency||93%||Confirm|
|Bone Marrow Suppression||1%||Ruled out|
Hemoglobin (Hb, HGB). Unit: g/dL [g/L] or [mmol/L]
Possible responses:→ Don't know
→ Under 9.0  [5.7]
→ 9.0-11.9 [90-119] [5.7-7.3]
→ 12-16.0 [120-160] [7.4-9.9] (normal)
→ Over 16.0  [9.9]
Anemia is almost always present in cases of chronic renal failure, and can occur through any of the basic mechanisms (blood loss, excessive destruction of red blood cells, or low production of red blood cells.) However, the typical anemia associated with CRF results from decreased production of red blood cells by the bone marrow: failing kidneys no longer produce sufficient erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates the production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells (RBCs). In addition to decreased levels of RBCs, patients often begin to accumulate toxic metabolites, which shorten the lifespan of existing RBCs.
The red blood cell deficiency caused by leukemia leads to anemia and the symptoms of anemia, including severe fatigue, pallor, and breathing difficulty.