Taurine is a non-essential amino acid, sythesized in the body from methionine and cysteine. It is useful to people who suffer from atherosclerosis, heart disorders, edema, hypertension, and hypoglycemia. Important to the heart muscle, white blood cells, musculo-skeletal system, and central nervous system, it has been used in the treatment of breast cancer, anxiety, poor brain function, epilepsy, and Down syndrome children.
has become popular as a supplemental ingredient. Most of the supplemental uses of taurine are related to cardiovascular
or muscle conditions.
tends to be well absorbed and tissue levels can go up rapidly after oral administration.
Function; Why it is RecommendedTaurine
has been shown to promote sarcolemma Ca-ATPase activity, as well as Na/Ca cotransport enzyme which helps to remove calcium
from the interior of the cell and facilitates the relaxation of the heart muscle during diastole
. Taurine is also able to reduce the calcium-triggered response of blood platelets
to various activating factors, and to suppress sympathetic nervous system
activity while also reducing the responsiveness of vascular smooth muscle
cells to vasoconstricting agents.Taurine
has been considered effective therapy for congestive heart failure
. In heart muscle, taurine is essential for proper calcium
balance and metabolism. Taurine specifically supports heart function with its antioxidant
action, by preventing arrhythmias
, reducing hypertension
, reducing platelet
stickiness and by improving cardiac
Taurine has also been used as a treatment for epilepsy
as it is thought to help regulate the nervous system
There is no current US RDA for the intake of taurine