Vocal cord paresis is a condition where one or both vocal cords don't open and close properly, changing the sound of one's voice. When one or both vocal cords do not move at all, the condition is called vocal cord paralysis.
Vocal cord paresis can be caused by
Symptoms of vocal cord paresis include voice changes (hoarseness, a 'breathy' voice, pitch changes, inability to speak loudly), throat discomfort, and (in some cases) breathing difficulty.
Different speaking techniques may lead to improvement.
Surgery may be able to improve speech by changing the position and/or adding bulk to the vocal cords. Several options are available, including injection with various substances such as collagen, silicone, or body fat.
If both vocal cords are paralyzed, restoring proper breathing is the main priority. This can be accomplished through a tracheotomy, in which a hole is made in the neck below the vocal cords, and a breathing tube inserted.
If the voice does not return by itself within a year, the condition is likely to become permanent.