Night Sweats

Night Sweats: Overview

Alternative Names: Sleep Hyperhidrosis or Nocturnal Hyperhydrosis.

Night sweats is a common perspiration disorder that occurs during sleep and stops upon waking.  Night sweats involve not simply sweating a lot at night, but literally drenching the bed.  A healthy person produces between 500 and 1,000cc of sweat each day.  A person with a perspiration disorder will produce much more.  Although the causes of night sweats are many, generally they are symptomatic of underlying disease.
Sweating is a natural body function, but if it becomes bad enough to wake you up night after night, wet and shivering, it has gone beyond "natural" and the cause should be determined.

Causes and Development

Causes include:
  • Menopause or Andropause.  Menopause in women is the most common cause of night sweats.  However, some men also suffer from night sweats during the male menopause, or andropause.
  • Chemotherapy (leaches the body of estrogen, which brings on menopause)
  • HIV, AIDS, tuberculosis, Hodgkin's Lymphoma and other fever-producing / immuno-suppressing disorders diseases
  • Diabetes
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).  This can be serious – if you also suffer from severe snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness, it might be time for a sleep study.
  • Alcohol, some drugs (both recreational and medical), spicy foods.  Some prescription drugs, like Zoloft, can cause night sweats.
  • Hypothalamic lesions
  • Epilepsy
  • Strokes
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Migraine
  • Spinal cord infarction
  • Head injury
  • Familial dysautomia
  • Anti-nausea medication used during pregnancy
  • Antidepressant/anti-anxiety medication
  • Birth control pills
Unfortunately, sometimes there doesn't seem to be a definitive cause.

Signs and Symptoms

People suffering from night sweats wake up in damp or soaked bedding, feeling either too hot or slightly cold.

Treatment and Prevention

The best way to treat night sweats is to eliminate the cause.  It may be necessary to go through the list of possible causes and eliminate them one by one.  If no cause seems to be forthcoming, then you may suffer from Primary Hyperhydrosis.  This disorder can become severe enough to interfere with day-to-day life, and consists not only of night sweats, but of excessive sweating throughout the day.  If severe enough, your doctor may suggest surgery for the removal of the sweat glands.

Possibly beneficial lifestyle changes include avoidance of alcohol and spicy foods.  Talk to your doctor about any medications that you are taking to see if they could be the cause.  Sleep in a cool room and, if weather permits, leave the window open, or try using a fan.  Get up and take a shower or a sponge bath; change your bedding and put on fresh nightwear; have a cold drink such as water or fruit juice.  A cold shower before bed might prevent an attack of night sweats.

According to Chinese medical theory, night sweats are associated with a yin essence (body essence).  The diminished state is due to a depletion of body fluids and nutrients.  Symptoms include flushed cheeks, warm palms and soles, a dry mouth, red lips, small quantities of dark urine, a red tongue with slight coating, a weak and rapid pulse, and low-grade fevers.  Chinese medicine states that if there is a wasting away caused by a consumptive disease, then yin deficiency must be present.  (For this reason, HIV disease is therefore often diagnosed as a yin deficiency.)

Night Sweats

Information On This Page

Signs, symptoms & indicators of Night Sweats:

Symptoms - Sleep

Counter-indicators:

Risk factors for Night Sweats:

Environment / Toxicity

Mercury Toxicity (Amalgam Illness) often increases risk of Night SweatsMercury Toxicity (Amalgam Illness)
This symptom may be one of many associated with mercury toxicity.

Hormones

Counter-indicators:

Immunity

HIV/AIDS often increases risk of Night SweatsHIV/AIDS
The most common clinical presentations in the high-risk groups or ARC patients includes night sweats.  If HIV has progressed to an advanced stage, night sweats become a severe problem.

Infections

Tuberculosis increases risk of Night SweatsTuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) is the classic cause of night sweats.  Early on the immune system typically controls the infection and few if any symptoms develop.  Then, later in life, the infection may reactivate, causing a chronic pneumonia with fever, night sweats, weight loss and cough.  Sometimes the infection involves the lungs minimally, if at all.  If you have had night sweats for more than a month or two without any other symptoms, tuberculosis would be less likely but not impossible.
Histoplasmosis often increases risk of Night SweatsHistoplasmosis
Various fungal infections are associated with chronic night sweats.  Histoplasmosis, an infection usually seen in the southeastern, mid-Atlantic and central United States, is one such illness.  You are less likely to have histoplasmosis or another fungal infection if you have had night sweats for more than a few months with no other symptoms.
Mycobacterium Avium Complex Disease often increases risk of Night SweatsMycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) Disease
Micobacterium avium infection can cause night sweats.  A micobacterium avium complex (MAC) diagnostic test can be done to identify the infection or rule it out.  MAC is common in women with HIV/AIDS and can be deadly if left untreated.
Chronic / Hidden Infection often increases risk of Night SweatsChronic / Hidden Infection
A hidden infection, such as an abscess in the liver or spleen, can cause night sweats and fever without many other symptoms.

Metabolic

Hypoglycemia often increases risk of Night SweatsHypoglycemia
Nighttime hypoglycemia may be without symptoms or manifest itself as night sweats, unpleasant dreams or early morning headache.

Musculo-Skeletal

Rheumatoid Arthritis often increases risk of Night SweatsRheumatoid Arthritis
Night sweats, depression and lethargy can accompany this disease.

Nutrients

Organ Health

Respiratory

Tumors, Malignant

Cancer, General often increases risk of Night SweatsCancer, General
Several malignancies can lead to night sweats.

Night Sweats suggests the following may be present:

Hormones

Infections

Night Sweats may suggest HistoplasmosisHistoplasmosis
Various fungal infections are associated with chronic night sweats.  Histoplasmosis, an infection usually seen in the southeastern, mid-Atlantic and central United States, is one such illness.  You are less likely to have histoplasmosis or another fungal infection if you have had night sweats for more than a few months with no other symptoms.
Night Sweats may suggest Mycobacterium Avium Complex DiseaseMycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) Disease
Micobacterium avium infection can cause night sweats.  A micobacterium avium complex (MAC) diagnostic test can be done to identify the infection or rule it out.  MAC is common in women with HIV/AIDS and can be deadly if left untreated.

Tumors, Malignant

Recommendations for Night Sweats:

Botanical

Schizandra Berry often helps with Night SweatsSchizandra Berry
Schzisandra in combination with Cornus, Dragon Bone, Ho-Shou-Wu, Polygala, Gall and Lycium bark may help reduce mild night sweats.
White Peony Root often helps with Night SweatsWhite Peony Root
If a person is healthy, mild night sweats can be treated with White Peony possibly combined with Zizyphus and Mume.

KEY

Weak or unproven link: may increase risk of; may suggest
Weak or unproven link:
may increase risk of; may suggest
Strong or generally accepted link: often increases risk of
Strong or generally accepted link:
often increases risk of
Definite or direct link: is a sign or symptom of; increases risk of
Definite or direct link:
is a sign or symptom of; increases risk of
Definitely or absolutely counter-indicates: strongly contraindicates; decreases risk of
Definitely or absolutely counter-indicates:
strongly contraindicates; decreases risk of
Moderately useful: often helps with
Moderately useful:
often helps with