Hypogonadism, Male

Hypogonadism, Male: Overview

Male hypogonadism with a deficiency of testosterone is a relatively common disorder in clinical practice and has significant effects on the fertility, sexual function, and general health of affected men. Hypogonadism can occur for a number of reasons, some relatively common and others rare.  Certain men have hypogonadism from birth while others may develop this condition later in life.  Types of hypogonadism include:

  • Primary hypogonadism (testicular failure) – Low serum testosterone levels with gonadotropins (FSH, LH) above the normal range.  Klinefelters, surgical removal, bilateral mumps related orchitis, toxic damage by alcohol, heavy metals or chemotherapy.
  • Secondary (gonadotropin) hypogonadism – Caused by a pituitary failure or pituitary-hypothalamic injury from tumors, trauma, or radiation; characterized by low serum testosterone levels, but with gonadotropins in the normal or low range

Signs and Symptoms

  • Impotence
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Fatigue and loss of energy
  • Mood depression
  • Regression of secondary sexual characteristics (growth and maturation of prostate, seminal vesicles, penis, and scrotum; the development of male hair distribution, including facial, pubic, chest, axillary hair; laryngeal enlargement; vocal chord thickening; alterations in body musculature; fat distribution)
  • Osteoporosis.

Treatment and Prevention

In men with clinical symptoms of primary or secondary hypogonadism, the deficiency of testosterone can be treated effectively with currently available preparations.

Signs, symptoms & indicators of Hypogonadism, Male:

Symptoms - Muscular

Conditions that suggest Hypogonadism, Male:

Hormones

Mental

Reproductive

Risk factors for Hypogonadism, Male:

Hormones

KEY

Weak or unproven link: may be a sign or symptom of; may suggest
Weak or unproven link:
may be a sign or symptom of; may suggest
Strong or generally accepted link: often suggests
Strong or generally accepted link:
often suggests
Definite or direct link: increases risk of
Definite or direct link:
increases risk of