The overall incidence is about 1 in 500 people.
Risk factors are related to the causes.
Dilation of the esophagus is the preferred treatment. Repeated dilation may be necessary to prevent the recurrence of the narrowing. If dilation is unsuccessful, surgical replacement of the esophagus with a segment of the stomach or large intestine may be attempted.
Recurrence of the stricture is possible.
Swallowing difficulties may lead to inadequate intake of fluids and nutrients. There is also an increased risk (with regurgitation) of having food, fluid, or vomitus enter the lungs and cause aspiration pneumonia.
Difficulty swallowing, pain with swallowing, weight loss and regurgitation of food are the main symptoms.
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