Fatty Acids

Definition of Fatty Acids:

Chemical chains of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms that are part of a fat (lipid) and are the major component of triglycerides.  Depending on the number and arrangement of these atoms, fatty acids are classified as either saturated, polyunsaturated, or monounsaturated.  They are nutritional substances found in nature which include cholesterol, prostaglandins, and stearic, palmitic, linoleic, linolenic, eicosapentaenoic (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acids.  Important nutritional lipids include lecithin, choline, gamma-linoleic acid, and inositol.

Also: Fatty Acid

Topics Related to Fatty Acids

Acetyl-L-Carnitine

...as a treatment
“...It helps the body metabolize fatty acids to provide energy; promotes a healthy heart and lessens the risk of heart disease; aids in weight loss; improves muscle strength and lowers blood triglyceride levels...”

Aerobic Exercise

...as a treatment
“...Why it is Recommended: Specific benefits of aerobic exercise include ... Increased fat burning enzymes; fat deposits are encouraged to release fatty acids...”
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More topics Related to Fatty Acids

Alcohol-related Problems

...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement
“Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid deficiency may contribute to depressive symptoms in alcoholism, multiple sclerosis and postpartum depression...”

Anabolic

...related topic
“...Examples: making a starch out of sugars, a protein out of amino acids, or making triglycerides out of fatty acids are anabolic functions...”

Arrhythmias/Dysrhythmias

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“Omega 3 fatty acids may reduce the incidence of arrhythmias during a heart attack...”

Atherosclerosis

...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement
“...diets, there are some intriguing studies that show that a low fat diet may actually increase LDLs and that it may be more important to alter the fats in the diet, decreasing saturated fats and trans fatty acids, and replacing them with poly- and mono-unsaturated fats...”
...recommendation Acetyl-L-Carnitine
“...Important in fatty acid metabolism, depleted in cardiac muscle during acute infarctions...”

Bacterial Dysbiosis

...the condition
“...As there is a decrease in friendly bacteria, the production of short-chain fatty acids and other beneficial nutrients is decreased...”

Biotin

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that acts as a co-enzyme in assisting in the production of fatty acids...”
...related topic
“An essential coenzyme that assists in the making of fatty acids and in the burning of carbohydrates and fats for body heat and energy...”

Bipolar Disorder, Manic-Depressive

...recommendation EPA (eicosapentanoic acid)
“...[Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Bipolar Disorder: A Preliminary Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial...”

Borderline Personality Disorder

...the condition
“...One study suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may help to reduce depression and aggression...”

Butyrate

...as a treatment
“Adequate amounts of butyrate, a fatty acid, are necessary for the health of the large intestine cells...”
...related topic
“Butyrate is an important short chain fatty acid that provides fuel for colon cells and may help protect against colon cancer...”

Caprylic acid

...as a treatment
“...Caprylic Acid (often used in its stable form sodium caprylate) is an 8-carbon fatty acid...”

Carnitine

...related topic
“A compound found in skeletal and cardiac muscle and certain other tissues that functions as a carrier of fatty acids across the membranes of the mitochondria...”

Chlorophyll

...as a treatment
“...Chlorophyll is known as a "super food" because of the range and quantity of nutrients (vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and essential fatty acids) that it contains, including ... essential fatty acids...”

Cholesterol

...related topic
“A waxy, fat-like substance manufactured in the liver and found in all tissues, it facilitates the transport and absorption of fatty acids...”

Chronic Inflammation

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“...A dietary deficiency of Omega-3 type fatty acids has been associated with a tendency toward chronic inflammation, which regular consumption of these oils can reduce...”

Chronic Renal Insufficiency

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“There have been a variety of trials of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in patients with a variety of renal disorders...”

Cleavers

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: The plant contains organic acids, flavonoids, tannins, fatty acids, glycoside asperuloside, gallotannic acid and citric acid...”

Coconut

...as a treatment
“...Counter-Indicators and Warnings: Some individuals cannot handle the medium chain fatty acids contained in coconut oil due to gallbladder/liver fat handling problems...”

Colon Cancer

...recommendation Arabinogalactans
“...It has been shown to increase the production of short-chain fatty acids, principally butyrate and proprionate...”

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“A high intake of omega-3 fatty acids may protect cigarette smokers against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement
“Many studies have shown that higher omega-3 fatty acid intake can cut the rate of sudden cardiac death by nearly one-half, in both apparently healthy patients and those who have suffered a previous heart attack...”
...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“Many studies have shown that higher omega-3 fatty acid intake, through fish consumption or through supplementation, can cut the rate of sudden cardiac death by nearly one-half, in both apparently healthy patients and those who have suffered a...”

Crohn's Disease

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“...Among the fatty acids that correlated with the Crohn's disease activity index, EPA and total Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids showed the most significant negative correlations...”

Cumin

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Like most seeds, it is the various oils and fatty acids that give cumin its particular activity...”

Delta-6-Desaturase

...related topic
“...It is deficient or inhibited in diabetes, obesity, older people, and in the presence of insulin, coffee, trans fatty acids, or alcohol...”

Depression

...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement
“Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid deficiency may contribute to depressive symptoms in alcoholism, multiple sclerosis, postpartum depression and bipolar depression...”

DHA

...related topic
“...A metabolite of the omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid...”

Diabetes Type II

...recommendation High/Increased Fiber Diet
“...When soluble fiber ferments during digestion it produces 'short chain fatty acids' that increase the metabolism of glucose and thus may add to the beneficial effects of dietary fiber on diabetes...”

Diarrhea

...the condition
“...3 suggests carbohydrate malabsorption because colonic bacteria produce short-chain fatty acids from malabsorbed carbohydrate...”

EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement

...the condition
“...Your need for the Omega-3 family of essential fatty acids is noted here, and should be taken into consideration as you review the information there...”
...our question about Postpartum depression
“Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid deficiency may contribute to depressive symptoms in alcoholism, multiple sclerosis and postpartum depression...”
...relationship to Stroke
“Consuming cold water fish (and probably omega-3 fatty acids) reduced the incidence of stroke in women by 28 percent...”

EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 6 Requirement

...the condition
“...Your need for the Omega-6 family of essential fatty acids is noted here, and should be taken into consideration as you review the information there...”

Effects of a High Fat Diet

...the condition
“...The fats which are called omega-6 and omega-3 fats are essential fats (fatty acids), because we only get them through the foods we eat...”

EPA

...related topic
“...A metabolite of the omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid...”

EPA (eicosapentanoic acid)

...as a treatment
“...A study on elderly Japanese patients demonstrated that blood levels of the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA increase after prolonged consumption of ALA from a plant-based oil...”

Essential Fatty Acids

...as a treatment
“...Two fatty acids are essential to human health...”

Evening Primrose Oil

...as a treatment
“...Patients should use a brand of OEP that contain these amounts of fatty acids, and they should follow the manufacturer's guidelines for dosing...”

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

...the condition
“...One group of researchers have reported that EPO normalizes blood levels of fatty acids in women with fibrocystic disease...”
...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Requirement
Fatty acid profiles may be abnormal in women with fibrocystic breast disease...”
...recommendation Evening Primrose Oil
“...One group of researchers have reported that EPO normalizes blood levels of fatty acids in women with fibrocystic disease...”

Fish Oils

...as a treatment
“...Today, however, other constituents of cod liver and other fish oils have become of interest: the omega-3 fatty acids...”

Giardiasis Infection

...recommendation Prebiotics
“...Prebiotic fermentation increases short-chain fatty acid production in the colon, and subsequent increased mucin production in the GI tract, which may enhance giardial clearing...”

GLA (Gamma Linolenic Acid)

...as a treatment
“Gamma-linolenic acid, or GLA, is a fatty acid found mainly in vegetable oils...”

Gotu Kola

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: The chemical composition of gotu kola is quite extensive including saponins, volatile oils, sugars, fatty acids, amino acids, flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins and carotenoids...”

Heat Exhaustion

...the condition
“...Sweat consists sodium, chloride, potassium, proteins and fatty acids; in order to replace what you are losing, eat salty snacks and foods high in sodium and potassium...”

High Levels Of Triglycerides

...the condition
“...Fatty acids from triglycerides are used for muscular work or stored as body fat for future energy production...”
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More topics Related to Fatty Acids

High/Increased Fiber Diet

...as a treatment
“...Soluble fiber is fermented by colonic microflora resulting in the production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as butyric acid...”

Hydrogenated Fats Avoidance

...as a treatment
“..." Processed foods made with hydrogenated oils pose another (even worse) health hazard: trans fatty acids...”

Immune System Imbalance (TH2 Dominance)

...the condition
“...These include: Omega-3 fatty acids, monounsaturated fats found in olive and hazelnut oils, vitamin A cod liver oil, l-Glutamine, Silica, digestive enzymes, friendly intestinal flora or soil based organisms (SBOs), ginseng...”

Increased Fish Consumption

...as a treatment
“...to most meats and poultry, fish is much lower in total fat and saturated fat, is a source of very high-quality protein, supplies lots of vitamins and minerals and contains high levels of omega-3 fatty acids...”

Indoor Allergies

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“Replenishing a deficiency of Omega-3 type fatty acids in the diet has resulted in fewer allergic and inflammatory reactions...”

Intermittent Claudication

...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“...dietary changes for preventing atherosclerosis (and, consequently, intermittent claudication) include avoiding meat and dairy fat, increasing fiber, and possibly avoiding foods containing trans fatty acids...”

Intestinal Malabsorption Syndrome

...the condition
“...The following findings suggest that intestinal malabsorption is occurring ... increased free fatty acids (split fats) indicates normal fat digestion but impaired fat absorption...”

Lactobacillus Acidophilus

...as a treatment
“...Other major useful functions of friendly bacteria include ... Producing short chain fatty acids which supply a valuable proportion of human energy requirements...”

Lecithin

...related topic
“A mixture of phospholipids that is composed of fatty acids, glycerol, phosphorus, and choline or inositol...”

Lecithin / Choline

...as a treatment
“...Commercial lecithin supplies choline, inositol, phosphoric acid and fatty acids to the diet...”

Lipase

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Lipase is the enzyme required to break down fats and lipids (to give mono- and diglycerides, glycerol and free fatty acids) and is produced in the pancreas before being released into the small intestine...”

Lipid

...related topic
“...ether); the term can include the following types of materials: fatty acids, glycerides, phospholipids, alcohols and waxes...”

Liver Detoxification Phase II Support

...as a treatment
“...Fat-soluble chemicals have a high affinity for fat tissues and cell membranes, which are composed of fatty acids and proteins...”

Lung Cancer

...our question about Omega-6 oil intake
“Although smoking has been linked to lung cancer, the risk of developing it may be increased more by fatty acid consumption while smoking, rather than by the smoking itself...”

Magnesium

...as a treatment
“...Magnesium Stearate: A salt form of magnesium with two molecules of stearic acid (18 carbon fatty acid)...”

Magnesium Malate

...as a treatment
“...These reactions include those involved in the Krebs cycle (one of the body's energy production systems), energy transport and storage, the breakdown of fatty acids, DNA metabolism, and hormone regulation, the activation of B vitamins, proper nerve function and neurotransmitter activity, and the formation and maintenance of protein, fatty acids and...”

Manganese

...as a treatment
“...Manganese is ... Required to produce melanin and to synthesize fatty acids...”

Migraine/Tension Headaches

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“Omega 3 fatty acids can reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines...”

Monounsaturated Fatty Acid

...related topic
“...Olive oil and canola oil are high in monounsaturated fatty acids...”

Multiple Sclerosis

...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Type 3 Requirement
“Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid deficiency may contribute to depressive symptoms in alcoholism, multiple sclerosis and postpartum depression...”

Myeloproliferative Neoplasm

...the condition
“...following supplements may help: A daily multivitamin containing the antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, the B-complex vitamins, and trace minerals such as magnesium, calcium, zinc, and selenium; Omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil, 1 – 2 capsules or 1 – 3 tablespoonfuls oil, 1 – 3 times daily, to help decrease inflammation and help with immunity; A probiotic supplement containing Lactobacillus...”

Nut and Seed Consumption

...as a treatment
“Nuts, in general, are the richest source of natural vitamin E and also have many fatty acids that are of benefit in a wide variety of conditions...”

Olive Oil

...as a treatment
“...Function: The major fatty acid present in olive oil is oleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) constituting some 55-83% of total fatty acids...”

Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)

...recommendation Essential Fatty Acids
“Long-term improvement may be gained by promoting the build up of anti-inflammatory prostaglandins with Omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil...”

Pantethine

...as a treatment
“...Among other things, the transport and catabolism of fatty acids is dependent on CoA...”

Pantothenic Acid

...related topic
“...It is also essential for the formation of fatty acids...”

Platelet Aggregation (Clotting)

...the condition
“...Several organic substances may promote platelet clumping which include collagen, ADP, the catecholamines, certain immune complexes and fatty acids...”

Poor Small Intestine Health

...the condition
“...It also secretes peptidase to split peptides (from protein) into amino acids, and lipase to break down fat into glycerol and fatty acids...”

Poor/Slow Wound Healing

...relationship to EFA (Essential Fatty Acid) Requirement
“Failure to provide either omega-6 or omega-3 fatty acids in the diet results in poor wound healing...”

Pregnancy-Related Issues

...the condition
“...Breast feeding for at least 4 months or, to a lesser degree, consumption of oily fish or Omega 3 fatty acids during pregnancy, improved maturation of babies' visual cortexes with resulting better vision at 3 1/2 years of age...”
...recommendation DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)
“...This supports the idea that children may develop improved visual acuity and achieve a higher verbal IQ when breast-fed because they receive a fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) found in breast milk [Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2001;84: pp...”

Probiotics

...as a treatment
“...Bifidobacteria use the fiber from foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes and grains to make short-chain fatty acids, including butyrate...”

Rheumatoid Arthritis

...recommendation Copper
“...The copper in the bracelets reacts with the fatty acids in the skin to form copper salts that are absorbed into the body...”

Saturated Fatty Acid

...related topic
“...Butter and lard are high in saturated fatty acids...”

Saw Palmetto

...as a treatment
“...Although Saw Palmetto is also available as a tea, the fatty acids in the herb thought to be at least partly responsible for its effects are not extracted well into water; thus, drinking a tea would not be as effective against BPH for example...”

Shiitake Mushrooms

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Primary chemical constituents of Shiitake include Polysaccharide, eritadenine, proteins, fatty acids, and vitamins D, B-2, B-12...”

Tendency Toward Postpartum Depression

...the condition
“...Long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid deficiency may contribute to depressive symptoms in alcoholism, multiple sclerosis and postpartum depression...”
...recommendation DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)
“US scientists found low levels of omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA, in mother's milk and in the red blood cells of women with postpartum depression...”

Triglyceride

...related topic
“...Containing three fatty acids and one unit of glycerol, triglycerides are stored in adipose cells in the body, which, when broken down, release fatty acids into the blood...”

Unsaturated Fats

...related topic
“In foods, fats missing hydrogen atoms in specific places on the fatty acid molecule; depending on the number of missing atoms, these fats are classified as either monounsaturated or polyunsaturated...”

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

...related topic
“Any fatty acid containing one or more double bonds, including oleic, linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic acids...”

Vitamin B3 Requirement

...the condition
“...They play a key role in glycolysis (extracting energy from carbohydrate and glucose), are important in fatty acid synthesis and in the deamination (nitrogen removal) of amino acids, are needed in the formation of red blood cells and steroids, and are helpful in the metabolism of some drugs and toxins...”

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)

...as a treatment
“...CoA plays a major role in the metabolism of fatty acids, cholesterol, amino acids, vitamins A and D, steroid hormones and much more...”

Vitamin B-Complex Requirement

...the condition
“...Biotin aids in cell growth and in fatty acid production...”

Yarrow

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Yarrow contains lactones, flavonoids, tannins, resins, coumarins, saponins, sterols, fatty acids and sugars...”
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