Carbohydrates

Definition of Carbohydrates:

The sugars and starches in food.  Sugars are called simple carbohydrates and found in such foods as fruit and table sugar.  Complex carbohydrates are composed of large numbers of sugar molecules joined together, and are found in grains, legumes, and vegetables like potatoes, squash, and corn.

Also: Carbohydrate

Topics Related to Carbohydrates

Acidosis

...the condition
“...Risk factors that increase your chance of developing acidosis include: a high-fat diet, low in carbohydrates; kidney failure; being obese (this can make it harder to breathe); dehydration (drink plenty of water); aspirin or methanol poisoning; having diabetes (make sure it is controlled, to...”

Adult Acne

...recommendation Sugar Avoidance / Reduction
“Sugar and refined carbohydrates should be avoided...”
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More topics Related to Carbohydrates

Alcohol-related Problems

...relationship to Cirrhosis of the Liver
“...Alcohol seems to injure the liver by blocking the normal metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates...”

Aloe Vera

...as a treatment
“...Aloe contains the major carbohydrate fraction, acemannan, which also has antiviral properties...”

Alzheimer's Disease

...recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance
“Keep your weight down, and keep simple sugars and refined carbohydrates to a minimum...”

Ankylosing Spondylitis

...recommendation Grain-free Diet
“...Without starchy carbohydrates such as rice, potatoes and flour products, the number of Klebsiella are reduced in the gut and, subsequently, so is the production of antibodies to the bacteria that cause the...”

Aspartame/Neotame Side-Effects

...our question about Unintentional recent weight gain
“...Normally, when a significant quantity of carbohydrate are consumed, serotonin levels rise in the brain...”

Bacterial Dysbiosis

...the condition
“...This is a condition of carbohydrate intolerance induced by overgrowth of bacteria in the stomach, small intestine and beginning of the large intestine...”

Banana

...as a treatment
“...There are 36gm of carbohydrates in a large banana...”

Beetroot

...as a treatment
“...It is very useful in fighting anemia as it contains potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, iodine, copper, carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamin B1, B2, B6, niacin and vitamin P...”

Beta 1,3 Glucan

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: The carbohydrate polymers known as Beta-1,3-d-glucans exert potent effects on the immune system – stimulating anti-tumor and antimicrobial activity, for example – by binding to receptors on macrophages...”

Biotin

...related topic
“An essential coenzyme that assists in the making of fatty acids and in the burning of carbohydrates and fats for body heat and energy...”

Biotin Requirement

...the condition
“Alternative Names: Vitamin B7 The main role of biotin in the body is to assist in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats...”

Body Odor

...the condition
“...This substance, which contains protein, carbohydrates and lipids, is often secreted by a surge in sex hormones caused by tense moments or emotional stress...”

Broad Beans

...as a treatment
“...Rich in carbohydrates, protein, calcium, phosphorous and several vitamins, they are more digestible while tender...”

Bulimic Tendency

...the condition
“...Clinical experience suggests that carbohydrates, particularly sugar, play a role in binge eating...”

Butyrate

...as a treatment
“...First, it is one of the metabolic end products of unabsorbed dietary carbohydrate that has been bacterially fermented in the gut...”

Carbohydrate Craving

...the condition
“...A carbohydrate craving can be described as a compelling hunger, craving or desire for carbohydrate-rich foods; an escalating, recurring need or drive for starches, snack foods, junk food or sweets...”
...recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance
“Be selective about the carbohydrates you eat...”
...recommendation High/Increased Protein Diet
“Don't skimp on protein and fat to "make room" for large amounts of carbohydrates...”
...recommendation Increased Sleep
“...When the body and mind are well-rested, cravings for carbohydrates often vanish...”
...recommendation Smaller, More Frequent Meals
“...If too many hours have passed between meals, blood sugar will drop and your body will crave carbohydrates since these are the foods that will provide the quickest supply of energy...”
...recommendation Grain-free Diet
“The reason why many people continue struggling with sugar and carbohydrate craving is that they are still consuming grains and sugars...”

Carbohydrate Intolerance

...the condition
“Alternative Names: Carbohydrate Malabsorption Carbohydrate intolerance is the inability to digest certain types of carbohydrate due to a lack of digestive enzymes...”

Chromium

...as a treatment
“Chromium is an essential trace element involved with proper metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids in the body...”

Consequences of Poor Diet

...relationship to Yeast / Candida Infection
“Improper diets, such as those high in carbohydrates, sugar, yeast and yeast products can lead to Candida overgrowth...”

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

...recommendation High/Increased Protein Diet
“...The results suggest that even small changes in the constitution of meals, especially in terms of less carbohydrate, may have significant effects on exercise tolerance and breathlessness amongst patients with COPD...”

Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

...our question about Low-carbohydrate dieting
“Essentially every single study on low carbohydrate diets that measured uric acid levels has shown that uric acid levels rose...”

Corticosteroids

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: They affect many body processes, including the breakdown of protein, fat, and carbohydrate; the activity of the nervous system; the balance of salt and water; and the regulation of blood pressure...”

Cortisol

...related topic
“...It also helps regulate your body's use of protein, carbohydrates and fat; it helps maintain blood pressure and cardiovascular function; it stems inflammation...”

Crohn's Disease

...recommendation Sugar Avoidance / Reduction
“...She has used a Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD) restricted in disaccharide sugars and devoid of cereal grains to alter gut flora...”

Dandruff

...recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance
“Refined carbohydrates in white flour or sugar can cause dandruff and should be avoided because they deplete the body of B-vitamins...”

Depression

...relationship to Effects of a Low Carbohydrate Diet
“...What the MIT researchers found is that the brain only made serotonin after a person ate carbohydrates...”

Diabetes Type 1.5

...the condition
“...Other medications that stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin, slow digestion of carbohydrates, or reduce excess glucose production by the liver are often effective in controlling the blood sugar for a few years...”

Diabetes Type II

...the condition
“...Over time, beta cells are unable to continue to secrete the high levels of insulin needed to maintain normal glucose levels in the face of chronic ingestion of simple sugars and refined carbohydrates...”
...recommendation Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption
“...On the other hand, a diet rich in the soluble fiber found in fruit may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, despite the high carbohydrate content of most fruit...”

Diarrhea

...the condition
“... for Crohn's disease or bowel infarction) leads to malabsorption of fats as well as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals, all of which can result in weight loss and various systemic signs and symptoms...”

Digestive Enzyme (Trial)

...as a treatment
“The primary digestive enzymes – proteases, amylases and lipases – function as biological catalysts, helping to break down protein, carbohydrates and fats...”

Dyspepsia / Poor Digestion

...the condition
“...It interferes with the body's ability to absorb certain nutrients, causing weight loss, irregular breakdown of carbohydrates and fats, resistance to insulin, and malfunctions of the immune system...”

Effects of a Low Carbohydrate Diet

...the condition
“...High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diets, August 2003], and Johns Hopkins [Diabetes 2004...”

Elevated Insulin Levels

...the condition
“Chronic exposure to refined carbohydrates and simple sugars can cause elevated levels of insulin, which drives glucose levels down...”

Enzymes

...related topic
“...For example, the digestive enzyme amylase acts on carbohydrates in foods to break them down...”

Excess Carbohydrate Consumption

...the condition
Carbohydrates themselves aren't necessarily a bad thing, being a major staple in the diet...”

Excess Sugar Consumption

...the condition
“...When the hypothalamus in the brain registers excess glucose, the biochemical mechanisms respond as if the glucose is the end product of the digestion of wholesome carbohydrates and fats...”

Excessive Fatigue

...relationship to Effects of a Low Carbohydrate Diet
“...This fatigue promptly disappeared after the addition of carbohydrate to the diet...”
...relationship to Phosphorus Deficiency
“Phosphorus helps your body metabolize protein, fat and carbohydrates into energy...”

Fatty Liver

...the condition
“...One of those functions is to change substances in the foods that we eat into proteins, fats and carbohydrates...”

Gallbladder Disease

...recommendation Sugar Avoidance / Reduction
“In research published in 1983 from the University Department of Medicine, scientists stated, "Bile is significantly more saturated with cholesterol after 6 weeks on a refined carbohydrate diet (white flour and sugar) than after a similar period on an unrefined carbohydrate diet (whole wheat and grains)...”

Glucose

...related topic
“A sugar that is the simplest form of carbohydrate...”

High Levels Of Triglycerides

...the condition
“...Contributing Risk Factors: While elevated triglycerides have a genetic component in many cases, lifestyle choices such as overconsumption, too many carbohydrates and physical inactivity frequently play a central role in the disorder...”
...recommendation High/Increased Protein Diet
“Virtually every study in which the carbohydrate intake was low enough to convert the body's primary fuel from glucose to stored fat has shown a drop in total cholesterol and improvements in risk ratios of total cholesterol to HDL, with...”

High/Increased Carbohydrate Diet

...as a treatment
Carbohydrates are the body's main source of energy and should be the major part of total daily intake...”

High/Increased Fat Diet

...as a treatment
“Fat is as critical a component of the diet as carbohydrate, protein or water...”

High/Increased Protein Diet

...as a treatment
“...certain conditions, the foods consumed for a high protein diet are in the main meat, egg, and dairy products, which are high in cholesterol, fat, and animal protein, deficient in dietary fiber and carbohydrate, and can easily provide a serious imbalance of certain vitamins and minerals...”

Hydroxycitric Acid

...as a treatment
“...When this is induced prior to a meal, less food will allow the person to feel full, and carbohydrate cravings are reduced...”

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

...recommendation Olive Oil
“...low saturated fatty acids (SFAs), high monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), and carbohydrate, fiber, and micronutrient content have favorable blood pressure effects, and therefore that this diet is desirable for health...”

Hypoglycemia

...the condition
“...Causes and Development; Contributing Risk Factors: The causes of functional or reactive hypoglycemia (not absolute or fasting hypoglycemia) can be divided into 3 categories ... High sugar / refined carbohydrate diet leading to hyperinsulinism...”
...recommendation High/Increased Protein Diet
“A diet consisting of higher protein and fat with less refined carbohydrates is a standard recommendation for those with hypoglycemia...”
...recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance
“Refined carbohydrates are more readily absorbed than unrefined, and should be avoided in those with any glucose intolerance...”
...recommendation Chromium
“Chromium status should be optimized for its benefit in carbohydrate disorders (both hypoglycemia and adult-onset diabetes)...”

IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

...recommendation Smaller, More Frequent Meals
“...This should help, especially if your meals are low in fat and high in carbohydrates such as pasta, rice, whole-grain breads and cereals, fruits, and vegetables...”

Inadequate Fiber Intake

...the condition
“Fiber is the material that gives plants texture and support; it is a type of carbohydrate that is not digested but remains an essential part of a healthy diet...”

Increased Calorie Consumption

...as a treatment
“...Ounce for ounce, fat has more than twice the calories of either carbohydrate or protein...”

Increased Fruit/Vegetable Consumption

...as a treatment
“...Carbohydrates are the most efficient fuel for energy production and can also be stored as glycogen in muscle and liver, functioning as a readily available energy source for prolonged, strenuous...”

Insulin Therapy

...as a treatment
“...Carbohydrates, protein and fats are three types of nutrients found in food...”
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More topics Related to Carbohydrates

Intestinal Malabsorption Syndrome

...the condition
“...causes – of which there are many – lead to different patterns in malabsorption, involving for example fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K), vitamin B12, folic acid, iron, protein or carbohydrates...”

L-Glutathione

...as a treatment
“...L-glutathione is a powerful antioxidant; it is necessary for carbohydrate metabolism; it has anti-aging properties and breaks down oxidized fats...”

Liver

...related topic
“The largest and one of the most complex organs of the body, the liver is responsible for much of the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates...”

Low Male Testosterone Level

...the condition
“...range) can often treat this condition naturally through sex (both sex and sexual anticipation boost testosterone levels); diet (increased monounsaturated fats, fish oil capsules, processed carbohydrate and sugars avoidance, lower carbohydrates in general); increased quality sleep (testosterone production increases during sleep); 'winning' and having a 'winning attitude' (in other words,...”

Low/Decreased Carbohydrate Diet

...as a treatment
Carbohydrates are foods that are rich in sugars or complexes of sugars...”

Lysozyme

...related topic
“An enzyme that digests certain high molecular weight carbohydrates...”

Magnesium

...as a treatment
“...Magnesium is involved in several hundred enzymatic reactions, being required for cardiovascular function and the conversion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats to energy...”
...related topic
“...The chief function of magnesium is to activate certain enzymes, especially those related to carbohydrate metabolism...”

Magnesium Requirement

...the condition
“...Magnesium is important to carbohydrate metabolism...”

Manganese Requirement

...the condition
“...Manganese deficiency symptoms include ... problems metabolizing carbohydrates...”

Meniere's Disease

...recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance
“Among individuals with Meniere's disease who replaced refined carbohydrates in their diet with high-fiber, complex carbohydrates, tinnitus frequently improved or disappeared...”

Molybdenum

...as a treatment
“...Molybdenum is a vital part of three important enzyme systems – xanthine oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and sulfite oxidase – and so has a vital role in uric acid formation, iron utilization, carbohydrate metabolism, and sulfite detoxification...”
...related topic
“...These enzymes are involved with carbohydrate metabolism, fat oxidation and urine metabolism...”

Mucopolysaccharides

...related topic
Carbohydrates that act as support structures in connective tissue in the body...”

Multiple Vitamin Need

...the condition
“...They are considered micronutrients because the body needs them in relatively small amounts compared with nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and water...”

Mycozyme

...related topic
“An enzyme that digests carbohydrates...”

Niacin

...related topic
“A coenzyme B-complex vitamin that assists in the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins...”

Night Eating Syndrome

...the condition
“...More than 70% of the nighttime eating to combat anxiety involved binging on carbohydrates...”

Overconsumption

...the condition
“...Foods with a high percentage of fat (or carbohydrates that are sugars) will slow down your weight loss program...”

Pancreas

...related topic
“Opposite the liver and behind the stomach, the pancreas has two main functions – to manufacture various enzymes for digestion, and to release hormones to help control the body's use of carbohydrates...”

Pancreatitis

...the condition
“...A low fat, high carbohydrate diet, which requires fewer enzymes to digest, is recommended...”

Pantothenic Acid

...related topic
“...As a coenzyme, it participates in the utilization of riboflavin and in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins...”

Parasite Infection

...the condition
“...Eat high-fiber foods and avoid sugar and other refined carbohydrates...”

Phosphorus

...as a treatment
“...It plays an essential role in the body's utilization of carbohydrates and fats, and in the synthesis of protein for the growth, maintenance, and repair of all cells and tissues in the body...”

Poor Small Intestine Health

...the condition
“...Food breaks down further in the small intestine after passing through the stomach, and the absorption of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein, and fat takes place...”
...recommendation Low/Decreased Carbohydrate Diet
“Avoid spicy food, caffeine, alcohol, refined carbohydrates (sugar, white flour, white rice) so you won't oversecrete mucus and decrease your absorption...”

Poor/Slow Wound Healing

...the condition
“...Diabetes provides an example of this, where there can be impaired circulation and altered carbohydrate metabolism...”

Premenstrual Syndrome

...the condition
“...Treatment and Prevention: General Dietary Guidelines ... Limit consumption of refined carbohydrates and other concentrated carbohydrates, such as, honey, dried fruit, and fruit juice...”

Problems Caused By Being Overweight

...relationship to Stress
“...Carbohydrates are often the craved foods because they increase levels of serotonin in the brain, which has a calming effect and helps induce sleep...”
...recommendation High/Increased Protein Diet
“An excellent book to read on the benefits gained from an adequate (not high) protein diet is "Protein Power: The High-Protein/Low Carbohydrate Way to Lose Weight, Feel Fit, and Boost Your Health-in Just Weeks!" by Michael and Mary Eades...”
...recommendation Plant-Based Nutrition
“...What did she find? "Basically, they're eating the opposite of a high-protein, low carbohydrate diet," Fletcher reported...”
...recommendation Low/Decreased Carbohydrate Diet
“More and more researchers are citing insulin as the main culprit in weight gain and expound the benefits of a diet low in carbohydrates...”

Pyridoxine

...related topic
“A B-complex vitamin that plays a role as a coenzyme in the breakdown and utilization of carbohydrates, fats and proteins...”

Rapid Stomach Emptying (Gastric Dumping)

...recommendation Smaller, More Frequent Meals
“People who have dumping syndrome need to eat several small meals a day that are low in carbohydrates and should drink liquids between meals, not with them...”

Riboflavin

...related topic
“A B-complex vitamin that acts as a coenzyme that activates the breakdown and utilization of carbohydrates, fats and proteins...”

Seizure Disorder

...recommendation High/Increased Fat Diet
“...A ketogenic diet is one that is high in fat, low in carbohydrate and protein...”

Short Bowel Syndrome

...the condition
“...In moderate to severe cases, a high-calorie diet including concentrated essential vitamins and minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, will go a long way towards compensating for the lack of nutrient absorption...”

Small Intestine

...related topic
“...It is about 6 meters (20 feet) long and its primary function is to digest (break down) food and absorb nutrients (vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats)...”

Steatorrhea

...the condition
“...The absence or significant decrease of the pancreatic enzymes, amylase, lipase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin limits fat, protein and carbohydrate digestion, resulting in steatorrhea due to fat malabsorption...”

Stevia

...as a treatment
“...Stevia also contains protein, fibers, carbohydrates, phosphorus, iron, calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, rutin (flavonoid), zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A...”

Susceptibility To Cavities

...the condition
“Holes in teeth are the result of our modern diet, particularly sugars and carbohydrates...”

Syndrome X / Metabolic Syndrome

...the condition
“...Syndrome X refers specifically to a group of health problems that can include insulin resistance (the inability to properly deal with dietary carbohydrates and sugars), abnormal blood fats (such as elevated cholesterol and triglycerides), overweight, and high blood pressure...”
...recommendation Low/Decreased Carbohydrate Diet
“Insulin resistance and Syndrome X are caused primarily by a diet high in refined carbohydrates, which include many people's favorite and most frequently eaten foods, such as cereals, muffins, breads and rolls, pastas, cookies, donuts and soft drinks...”
...recommendation Chromium
“This is an essential trace element for fat and carbohydrate metabolism...”

Thiamine

...related topic
“A B-complex vitamin that acts as a coenzyme necessary for the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose, which is burned in the body for energy...”

Thyroid

...related topic
“...and releases thyroid hormones – iodine-containing compounds that help govern the rate of the body's metabolism (its total life processes), affecting body temperature, and regulating protein, fat and carbohydrate catabolism in all cells...”

Tryptophan / 5HTP

...as a treatment
“...Tryptophan is often given with vitamin B6 and magnesium in between meals with a small amount of carbohydrate to facilitate uptake by the brain...”

Tryptophan Need

...the condition
“...Complications: A deficiency of tryptophan may lead to depression, insomnia, schizophrenia, and carbohydrate craving...”

Ulcerative Colitis

...recommendation Probiotics
“...It may need to be combined with the specific carbohydrate diet described in the book Breaking the Vicious Cycle...”

Very Low Density Lipids

...related topic
“...Chronic elevation occurs when the tissues cannot absorb them or the liver is overwhelmed by carbohydrates, such as in alcoholism, some hepatitis, and diabetes...”

Vitamin B1 Requirement

...the condition
“Alternative Names: Thiamine, Thiamin, Aneurin, Betaxin, Thiadoxine Vitamin B1 is needed for release of energy from carbohydrates; aids in functioning of nervous system; helps maintain stomach acidity and normal appetite...”

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine)

...as a treatment
“...It plays an important role in the burning of fats and carbohydrates to produce energy, as well as in the formation of healthy red blood cells, and the maintenance of the myelin sheaths that protect our nerves...”

Vitamin B2 Requirement

...the condition
“B2 (riboflavin) is needed for converting proteins, fats and carbohydrates into energy; it is necessary for healthy skin and eyes...”

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

...as a treatment
“...Function; Why it is Recommended: Niacin is used in the process of releasing energy from carbohydrates, forming fat from carbohydrates and to metabolize alcohol...”

Vitamin B3 Requirement

...the condition
“...It aids in the functioning of the nervous system; in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and also lowers cholesterol...”

Vitamin B6

...related topic
“Influences many body functions including regulating blood glucose levels, manufacturing hemoglobin and aiding the utilization of protein, carbohydrates and fats...”

Vitamin B-Complex Requirement

...the condition
“...The B-complex has a wide range of properties, including:- ... B1 (thiamine) – needed for release of energy from carbohydrates; aids in functioning of nervous system; helps maintain stomach acidity and normal appetite...”

Vitamin C

...related topic
“...Vitamin C is important for maintenance of bones, teeth, collagen and blood vessels (capillaries), enhances iron absorption and red blood cell formation, helps in the utilization of carbohydrates and synthesis of fats and proteins, aids in fighting bacterial infections, and interacts with other nutrients...”

Vitamin Pantothenic Acid Requirement

...the condition
“...It also helps to convert fats, carbohydrates, and proteins, into energy...”

Weight Loss

...as a treatment
“...Altering dietary proportions of fat, protein, carbohydrate, using macronutrient substitutes, and taking vitamins, diet supplements or meal replacements are all techniques used to modify food intake...”

Weight Loss Surgery

...as a treatment
“...Foods should be high in protein, fats and nutrients, include vegetables, and be low in carbohydrates and sugar...”

Yeast / Candida Infection

...the condition
“...However, if his immune system is impaired or he/she eat lots of sugar and carbohydrates then Candida can proliferate...”

Zinc

...related topic
“...The main biochemicals in which zinc has been found to be necessary include: enzymes and enzymatic function, protein synthesis and carbohydrate metabolism...”
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